What is rainwater harvesting? - ProProfs Discuss
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What is rainwater harvesting?

Asked by Navaneethakumar.xiphias, Last updated: Oct 11, 2019

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navaneethakumar.xiphias

Navaneethakumar.xiphias

Answered on Oct 11, 2019

Rainwater harvesting is a technique where the rainwater is collected into natural reservoirs, tanks, or made to infiltrate the surface waters via subsurface aquifers.

Rainwater harvesting is a simple, easy, and cost-effective technique that can be set up in open farming fields to collect and use rainwater for irrigating crops. During the past three decades, the demand for irrigation has shot up. Farmers are harvesting multiple crops. Therefore, a systematic and scientific approach for conserving water was necessary, and rainwater harvesting turned out to be the best solution. This water conservation technique is being encouraged in critical sectors of the economy like agriculture due to the increasing demand for irrigation and growing concerns of water scarcity.

HCCB and Rainwater Harvesting Villages of Betul district Madya Pradesh faced severe water crisis due to the erratic rainfall patterns. To address the issue, the villagers approached HCCB through a local NGO-Advancement for Social Action (ASA) for a solution. HCCB soon spun into action with its team to set up a permanent solution to conserve water in the local areas. To help the villagers farm their land and feed their families,

HCCB developed many water stewardship programs. Under the integrated watershed management project, HCCB took up various conservative measures. HCCB in the association with local authorities built 28 farm ponds and 35 masonry stop dams within a brief period of 24 months. Furthermore, HCCB, in partnership with NGO-ASA, developed a five-year action plan to address the water scarcity in the surrounding villages. The five-year target was to improve the availability of the water for drinking, farming, and other purposes in the local habitats. Additionally, the project was taken up to enhance the lives of the local community by encouraging monsoon dependent farming. The excessive drilling of the borewells and wells resulted in depletion of the groundwater in the local villages. So, HCCB used this opportunity to educate the local community about the importance of recharging of the depleting groundwater resource with rainwater harvesting. Today nearly about 5000 families across the 38 villages are being benefitted by sustainable water conservation techniques. The local farmers are reaping the results of rainwater harvesting measures taken by HCCB. HCCB, in association with different NGOs, takes up such sustainable farming techniques to bring cheers in the lives of farmers who lack enough irrigation facilities and helped them to earn their living.

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