What is the difference between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave? - ProProfs Discuss

# What is the difference between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave?

Asked by R. Jones, Last updated: May 13, 2020

#### D. Peter

Apart from developing codes, I also spend some time in quality writing.

D. Peter, Software Developer, B.E (Bachelor of Engineering), Mexico

A longitudinal wave is a kind of wave in which the movement of the medium is in the same magnitude and direction with the wave. On the other hand, a transverse wave is a kind of wave in which the movement of the medium is at a right angle to the magnitude and direction of the wave. A longitudinal wave moves in a dimension or plane, but a transverse wave travels in two directions or planes. It is not possible to polarize or align a longitudinal wave, but it is possible to align or polarize a transverse wave.

It is also possible to produce a longitudinal wave in a gas, liquid, or solid form, while it is only possible to produce a transverse wave in a solid form, and on a liquid surface. The primary or P-wave in an earthquake is a good example of the longitudinal wave, while the secondary or S-wave in an earthquake is an example of a transverse wave. A longitudinal wave is actually made up of rarefactions and compressions, while a longitudinal is made up of troughs and crests.

#### N. Kingsley

N. Kingsley, Writer, Columbus

Transverse waves and longitudinal waves are significant waves of propagation. These two perceptions are substantial to explain marvels in wave mechanics. Transverse waves are one of two rudimentary forms of waves. A wave is a technique of transferring energy. As the wave propagates through space, the energy it conveys is also propagated.

This energy produces the particles on the way to oscillate. In transverse waves, particles oscillate perpendicularly to the direction of wave motion. Longitudinal waves are the waves present in nature. They can be considered as a pressure wave since the energy is shifted through pressure. Unlike transverse waves, longitudinal waves have one direction of oscillation. The pinnacle displacement from the equilibrium point is equivalent to the amplitude of the wave.

#### Samantha Stewart

Love to do some charity work. Have a passion for writing and do it in my spare time

Samantha Stewart, Philanthropist, Post Graduate, Corpus Christi

Energy is transferred when a wave takes place. There are two main types of waves. There are the transverse and the longitudinal waves. There are some key differences in regard to the longitudinal and the transverse waves. Oscillations are created in transverse waves, but so do longitudinal waves. However, the transverse waves that create the oscillations have a normal pattern in reference to the direction of propagation whereas the oscillations from the longitudinal waves run parallel to the propagation of the wave.

Another difference is that when a longitudinal wave has oscillations, you can expect them to be in only one direction whereas the oscillations of the transverse waves occur in many different directions. These waves that you see in the ocean are made by both.