Ascribed and achieved status are usually terms that interchangeably used from time to time. Ascribed status is a status type that means given or handed as an inheritance’s result. A good example of this is the society rankings in some parts of the world where women are only allowed to vote after men have made their votes. This may have been changed in today’s time but there are still countries that are more inclined in their traditions that some individuals still have their ascribed status.
Achieved status, on the other hand, is something that a person has earned because of what he or she has accomplished. An example is a certain individual studied for almost a decade to have the title doctor alongside with his or her name. Not everyone can use that (or any title) if they have not earned it.