Monocots and dicots are known to be flowering plants that have some differences. Monocots are known to be amphistomatous, which means that their leaves come with stomata on both the upper and lower surfaces of the leaves. For dicots, the stomata can only be found in one of the surfaces of the leaves.
The presence of bulliform cells is another thing that you can consider when you are trying to know the difference between monocots and dicots. There are bulliform cells that can be found in monocots which can be very helpful in regulating the loss of water while dicots do not have bulliform cells. The type of leaves that monocots and dicots have are also different from each other.
Monocots and dicots, also can be referred to as monocotyledons and dicotyledons are classes of flowering plants. The monocots, also called liliopsida, have over 75,000 plant species; while the dicotyledons, also called magnoliopsida, have about 175,000 plant species too. Monocotyledonous plants have just a terminal cotyledon in their seeds, while dicotyledonous plants have two lateral cotyledons in their seeds. In addition, for the monocots, their seed germination is usually hypogeal; while for the dicots, their seed germination is usually hypogeal or epigeal.
The stomata of the monocots are evenly distributed on the two surfaces of their leaves, but for the dicots, the stomata are on the bottom surface of the leaves. The monocots usually have adventitious or fibrous root, while the dicots are usually of tap roots. The monocots are mostly herbaceous, while the dicots range from annual plants to tress. For the monocots, the vascular bundles are scattered through the stem; while for the dicots the vascular bundles are arranged in rings.
Plants can be separated into two different categories, namely monocot and dicot. Monocots only have one vein or cotyledon. The dicot has two cotyledons. This may not seem like a big deal, but the way that the plants will grow will surely make a huge difference. Monocots and dicots will have noticeable differences with regards to their structure.
Their leaves will be different from each other. There are also some differences with the flowers that may grow from the plants. You can count the number of petals of a flower, and you will be able to tell if the flower comes from a monocot plant or a dicot plant.