Deduction and Induction are most times products of arguments, although the generated results can be true, false, and they can be presented in a formal way or an informal way. The deduction can be defined as the process of reasoning which travels from the general to the specific, in which through series of premises presented, a conclusion has been made.
And if the premises are found to be true, the conclusion is also true. For example, in some parts of the world, it is believed that a man is the head of the family, this means once you are a man, you are automatically the head of your family. Induction, on the other hand, can be defined as the process of reasoning in which individual premises, arguments are turned to form a general conclusion. In other words, it means the derivation of principles, conclusions from specific instances. It usually travels specifically to general.