A. A process in which people are divided into groups reflecting their relative wealth, and prestige B. A system in which people are divided into layers reflecting their relative wealth (property), power, and prestige C. A process in which the government divides people into layers according to their financial need D. A system in which the more superior class of persons oppresses those of a lower class
The correct answer is option B - A system in which people are divided into layers reflecting their relative wealth (property), power, and prestige.
Social stratification can also be grouped based on education, occupation, race, gender, and so on. Sociologists use the word "social stratification" to describe a person's social standing. Social stratification can be categorized into three social classes: the upper class, the middle class, and the lower-class. Social stratification occurs in a complex based, feudal, and polycentric society. There are two major views that explain social stratification:
The "functionalist view" states that social stratification is necessary because of the need to induce people in society with knowledge and skills to pursue higher careers.
The second view is the "conflict view," it says that social stratification occurs because of discrimination and also blocks opportunities in society.