Which factors are risks for the development of diabetes mellitus?
According to the National Diabetes Statistics Report. diabetes remains as one of the leading causes of death in the United States since 2010.
Age over 45 years Overweight with a waist/hip ratio >1 Maintaining a sedentary lifestyle
Aging results in reduced ability of beta cells to respond with insulin effectively. Overweight with waist/hip ratio increase is part of the metabolic syndrome of DM II. There is an increase in atherosclerosis with DM due to the metabolic syndrome and sedentary lifestyle.