In my opinion, AI can solve complex problems like the most difficult math problem you might have encountered in your high school years but despite this, AI’s knowledge is limited. The brain of an AI is a diverse web of codes and algorithms which its inventor installed in them.
An AI can be a math genius and an expert of general knowledge but when it comes to opinions or emotional problems, humans are way smarter than these robots. An AI can outwit a human as long as the information you ask of them is saved in their system but if it is not, like giving a solution to a country’s big concern, humans can solve it even if it will take them decades for an answer.
As of right now, I do not think there are problems that Artifical Intelligence (AI) can solve that humans cannot. This fact may change in the (potentially not that distant) future but as of right now the AI technology is not far along yet to solve problems that humans can't solve.
As of now AI can compute difficult and complicated algorithms or equations much faster than humans, but beyond that, there is not very much they can do that we can't. Eventually AI will likely be used for extremely dangerous tasks but the technology would still need to advance before AIs can work without human guidance.
There are two schools of debate on this topic. Since no debate has enough proof to be considered superior, the answer I’m about to give is my personal opinion and hence should be taken as such. And my answer is NO!
AI cannot solve problems human can’t. Yes, it is a proven fact that AI can execute algorithms that are hard even for living human geniuses, but forgetting the fact that AI is just a line of 1s and 0s on a silicon chip has created a phenomenon of ‘AI solutionism’. people do feel that AI would self develop algorithms and find cures for cancer, solutions for world hunger and attain consciousness. What people fail to understand is that AI is eventually a set section of computer codes. It will perform tasks it has been created for. Those tasks, it might perform better than any human can but doing something that humans can’t is another story altogether.
Humans and animals alike have a feature called a neural network. The nerves responsible for all the feelings, thoughts etc cannot be made for an AI. Sure neural networks in AI are in their experimental phases but they are far from being able to work properly. Human neural network in particular has a certain trait called imagination. That is something an AI won’t be able to do. The irony is that AI solutionism is possible due to human imagination and overestimation. The best AI can do is make business processes streamlined, help in business strategies and military fields but AI cannot solve problems that cannot be solved by humans.