Animal scientists oversee research on domestic farm animals with the study focusing on food growth. They explore the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, diseases, growth, and development of animals. Agricultural scientists work to develop efficient ways to produce and process meat, poultry, eggs, and milk. Agricultural and food scientists hold an essential role in retaining and growing the nation's food stock.
Many people work in primary or explored research and development. They also conduct research and experiments to improve the productivity and sustainability of field crops and farm animals. They also study the composition of soil as it relates to plant growth, and they research ways to improve.