A classical guitar uses nylon strings while the normal guitar as some many calls the steel string guitar uses strings made of steel as the name suggests. The difference of strings make the sounds of both guitars distinct. The classical guitar produces a mellower, softer, and thicker sound than the steel string guitar which gives off livelier sounds.
The normal guitar has a narrower fretboard compared to a classical guitar. A steel string acoustic guitar also has a larger shape compared to the classical guitar. The price also differs as classical guitars are less expensive than steel string guitars. Many beginners choose to buy a classical guitar over a steel string guitar for the price and the nylon strings are more comfortable with the fingers compared to the steel strings.
Classical guitars are slightly smaller than acoustic guitars. Acoustic guitars usually have a scratchplate, which is a piece of plastic next to the sound hole that guards the body of the guitar while you play. Classical guitars do not have this feature. Another difference is the type of strings the two guitars need.
Classical guitars use nylon strings, and acoustic guitars use steel strings. The strings on a classical guitar are thicker, producing a more mellow sound. Classical guitars tend to be more comfortable on the person playing, and they are less complicated for the player to become adjusted.