Which earliest sign of acute respiratory distress syndrome is - ProProfs Discuss
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Which earliest sign of acute respiratory distress syndrome is assessed by the nurse? A nurse is assessing a female client with multiple trauma who is at risk for developing acute respiratory distress syndrome.



A. Bilateral wheezing
B. Inspiratory crackles
C. Intercostal retractions
D. Increased respiratory rate

This question is part of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Exam by RNpedia
Asked by RN pedia, Last updated: Feb 26, 2019

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2 Answers

R. Hazlewood

Here to relax my mind a bit

R. HazlewoodSenior Executive, MBA, Louisville
Senior Executive, MBA, Louisville

Answered on Feb 26, 2019

The correct answer to this question is D. The earliest detectable sign of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an increased respiratory rate, which can begin from 1 to 96 hours after the initial insult to the body. This is followed by increasing dyspnea, air hunger, retraction of accessory muscles, and cyanosis.

Breath sounds may be clear or consist of fine inspiratory crackles or diffuse coarse crackles. The main complication is fluid leaking into the lungs, making it difficult or impossible to breathe. ARDS can occur in critically ill patients, and is a disease that often rapidly progresses, making it important to monitor a patient's respiratory rate if they are at risk.

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John Smith

John Smith

Answered on Oct 26, 2016

Increased respiratory rate

The earliest detectable sign of acute respiratory distress syndrome is an increased respiratory rate, which can begin from 1 to 96 hours after the initial insult to the body. This is followed by increasing dyspnea, air hunger, retraction of accessory muscles, and cyanosis. Breath sounds may be clear or consist of fine inspiratory crackles or diffuse coarse crackles.
 Reply

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