Neurological: FES treatment for individuals with a SCI can benefit from all of the following, except:
A. To improve circulation for the purposes of reducing formation of blood clots (deep venous thrombosis), reducing swelling of limbs and reducing chance of pressure sores. B. To provide coughing assistance to provide independent ability to cough and clear lung secretions. C. To repair or regenerate the spinal cord for target muscles that have become denervated. D. To facilitate bladder and bowel control to provide a reliable method for emptying the bladder, reduce urinary tract infections, reduce bowel/bladder accidents and reduce constipation.
To repair or regenerate the spinal cord for target muscles that have become denervated.
FES is not able to repair or regenerate a damaged spinal cord, it can promote limited functional recovery in the areas discussed above.
OMalley-Teeter, J., Kantor, C., Brown, D. (1995). Functional electrical stimulation (FES) resource guide for persons with spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. Cleveland, OH: FES Information Center.