Using Maslows hierarchy of basic human needs, which of the following nursing diagnoses has the highest priority?
A. Ineffective breathing pattern related to pain, as evidenced by shortness of breath. B. Anxiety related to impending surgery, as evidenced by insomnia. C. Risk of injury related to autoimmune dysfunction D. Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy, as evidenced by inability to speak.
Ineffective breathing pattern related to pain, as evidenced by shortness of breath.
Physiologic needs (ex. Oxygen, fluids, nutrition) must be met before lower needs (such as safety and security, love and belongingness, self-esteem and self-actualization) can be met. Therefore, physiologic needs have the highest priority.