A. A Viceroy Butterfly looks like a Monarch, so Blue Jays are less likely to eat them. B. A Snowshoe Hare changes its fur color from brown to white to blend in with the snow during the winter. C. Blue-footed Boobies do a dance to attract mates. D. A Spotted Salamander has bright yellow spots to warn predators that it is toxic.
Camouflage is a form of cryptic coloration. It is a defensive tactic that animals use to disguise their appearance and blend in with their surroundings. Animals utilize the tactic of camouflage to mask their location, identity, and movement, which empowers the prey to outsmart the predator. It also enables predators to sneak up on prey. Different animals will utilize different camouflage tactics.
For example, a chameleon changes color, and it blends into whatever it is resting upon. If it is on wood, it looks brown. If it is on grass, it is green. They do this for protection. A species camouflage is also influenced by the behavior of characteristics of its predators. Background matching is a common form of masking. Animals such as deer or squirrel resemble the earth tones of their surroundings.