Surgery Questions and Answers (Q&A)

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These two types of treatments are known to be recommended for those who are having some heart problems. Angioplasty is the process wherein the coronary artery will be widened in order to allow the blood to pass through. This requires the use of a balloon catheter so that the artery can be...Read More

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Anemia-collagen synthesis is an essential part of wound recuperating, is influenced by numerous fundamental elements. Protein exhaustion impairs fibroplasia. hypoproteinemia prompts reduction of fibroblast multiplication, proteoglycan and collagen synthesis, angiogenesis, and wound renovating....Read More

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A clerical error.-the most common cause of fatalities related to transfusion reactions result from abo-incompatible transfusion related to clerical error. most such reactions occur if a type o person receives type a red cells owing to a clerical error that occurs either at the time the blood...Read More

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Lateral internal sphincterotomy -the clinical picture is classic for anal fissure, which is perpetuated by the fact that the anal sphincter is too tight. forceful dilatation under anesthesia, lateral sphincterotomy, or botulinum toxin injections are acceptable options to break the cycle. the only...Read More

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Catabolism is the set of metabolic pathways that break down molecules into smaller units that are either oxidized to release energy or used in other anabolic reactions. Catabolism breaks down large molecules into smaller ones. Catabolism provides the chemical energy necessary for the...Read More

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Angiogram, esophagogram, esophagoscopy, and bronchoscopy prior to surgical exploration -gunshot wounds to the base of the neck need exploratory surgery, but the exact approach and incision are determined by a more accurate knowledge of the location and extent of the injuries. thus, if time...Read More

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Sympathetic block and surgical sympathectomy-the description is that of causalgia, also known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy. if sympathetic block relieves the symptoms, permanent cure will be obtained with surgical sympathectomy. venous occlusion (choice a) would produce swelling but not this...Read More

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Simple reexcision and closure of a hypertrophic scar can be useful in certain situations such as a wound closed by secondary intention-true keloids are uncommon and occur predominantly in dark skinned people with a genetic predisposition for keloid formation. in most cases, the gene appears to be...Read More

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Complications are less frequent after treatment of hemorrhagic shock than septic or traumatic shock-hypovolemic shock is readily diagnosed when there is an obvious source of volume loss and overt signs of hemodynamic instability and increased adrenergic output are present. after acute hemorrhage,...Read More

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Adventitious lung sounds are abnormal sounds that are heard when auscultating a patient's lungs and airways. These sounds include abnormal sounds such as fine and coarse crackles (crackles are also called rales), wheezes (sometimes called rhonchi), pleural rubs and...Read More

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