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Spacecraft Questions and Answers (Q&A)

R. Jones

Curious about the World

Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar exploration mission created by the Indian Space Research Organization. It consists of a lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and the Pragyan lunar rover, which were developed in India. The main scientific objective is to plot the location and abundance of lunar water via Pragyan, and ongoing study from the orbiter circling a lunar polar orbit.

It is an Indian lunar mission to explore the unexplored south pole of the celestial body by landing a rover. The satellite began its voyage toward the moon, leaving the earth's orbit on August 14th. A critical maneuver called Trans Lunar Insertion, which was carried out by ISRO placed the spacecraft on "Lunar Transfer Trajectory."

The spacecraft successfully entered lunar orbit on August 20th by performing Lunar Orbit Insertion Maneuver. September 7th was the scheduled date for the soft landing on the moon and Chandrayaan-2 is expected to orbit the moon for one year.

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Experts are now examining the possibility of re-establishing communication with the Lander. NDTV is one of the principals in the production and broadcasting of unbiased and comprehensive news and entertainment programs in India and abroad. NDTV delivers essential information across all platforms, which include TV, internet, and mobile. It appeared to be a tricky landing, and the Lander was intact but in an inverted position.

ISRO launched Chandrayaan 2 with the orbiter, Vikram Lander and Pragyan Rover. The Lander was programmed to land on the moon's south pole, which is a mission that has never before been endeavored. The mission was initially planned for July 15th was aborted an hour before blast off following a technical problem in the launch vehicle systems.

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The purpose of sending Chandrayaan-2 into orbit was to study the elemental materials present in the moon's exosphere and surface. The mission was placed on the southern pole of the moon, and the goal was to enhance the chances of finding water. They measured how much water is in unexplored areas, and to determine whether or not there were circulation patterns.

Spectrometers are special devices which are used to validate intensity as a function of wavelength, frequency, the energy of motion, or mass. This equipment is used to examine the rocks and soil of the moon's surface. The lander will carry seismometers to measure quakes on the surface. It will also study surface chemistry.

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R. Jones

Curious about the World

The chairperson of the space commission and the ISRO is Dr. K Radhakrishnan. ISRO is the acronym for Indian Space Research Organization. Also, Radhakrishnan is the secretary of the department of space of the Indian government. He joined the ISRO in May 1971 at the Space Science and Technology Centre, and he worked as a design and build development engineer of electro-mechanical devices.

Between 1981-1997, the Doctor worked at the ISRO Headquarters, and he also supervised the preparation and review of the annual budgets of ISRO. As Project Director, he set in motion the national remote sensing application missions. He was also the director of the National Remote Sensing Agency. He scripted India's modern multi-mission ground station for Earth Observation Satellites. He also led ISRO to achieve 37 successful space missions.

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R. Jones

Curious about the World

Research indicates that 30 percent of the 16,500 people involved in the mission behind Chandrayaan-2 are women. These people include Project Director M. Vanitha, who is also the first woman project director at ISRO. She is a data specialist who came out of the U.R. Rao Satellite Centre. She was named Best Woman Scientist in 2006 by the Astronomical Society of India.

Another woman responsible for the success of Chandrayaan-2 is the Mission director called "Rocket Woman of India." Her name is Ritu Karidhal. She received the ISRO Young Scientist Award in 2007. The mission also involved "Rocket Man," K. Sivan. Sivan is known for his efforts in developing cryogenic engines. The Director of UR Rao Satellite Center in Bengaluru is another man participating in this. His name is M. Annadurai.

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R. Jones

Curious about the World

Chandrayaan-1 was the first Indian lunar probe in the Chandrayaan program, which was launched by the Indian Space Research Organization. The mission encompassed a lunar orbiter and an impactor and operated from 2008 to 2009.

The mission was also a significant success to India's space program, as it allowed India to research and develop its technology to explore the moon. The probe hit near the crater, and the soil was analyzed for the presence of lunar water ice. There was also the discovery of the widespread presence of water molecules in lunar soil. The mission achieved 95 percent of its planned objectives.

1 Answer

R. Jones

Curious about the World

Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar exploration mission created by the Indian Space Research Organization. It consists of a lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and the Pragyan lunar rover, which were developed in India. The main scientific objective is to plot the location and abundance of lunar water via Pragyan, and ongoing study from the orbiter circling a lunar polar orbit. It is an Indian lunar mission to explore the unexplored south pole of the celestial body by landing a rover.

The satellite began its voyage toward the moon, leaving the earth's orbit on August 14th. A critical maneuver called Trans Lunar Insertion, which was carried out by ISRO placed the spacecraft on "Lunar Transfer Trajectory." The spacecraft successfully entered lunar orbit on August 20th by performing Lunar Orbit Insertion Maneuver. September 7th was the scheduled date for the soft landing on the moon and Chandrayaan-2 is expected to orbit the moon for one year.

1 Answer

Chandrayaan-2 is India's first moon landing mission. The mission included an orbiter, Lander, and Rover to explore the unexplored South pole of the moon. So far, it has accomplished 90 to 95 percent of the mission's objectives.

All the apparatus and sensors of the Lander operated successfully and proved the reliability of many new technologies, including variable thrust propulsion. The space agency stated that the exact launch and mission management had secured a long life of about seven years for the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter instead of the proposed one year. The orbiter has a sufficient amount of fuel onboard for it to operate for seven years.

1 Answer

R. Jones

Curious about the World

Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar survey mission developed by the Indian Space Research Organization, after Chandraayan-1. It consisted of a lunar orbiter, the Vikram lander, and The Pragyan lunar rover, all of which were created in India.

The mission's purpose was to chart and study variations in lunar surface composition, as well as the location and availability of lunar water. The mission was launched on its route to the moon from the second launch pad at Satish Dhawan space center on July 22, 2019, at 2:43 pm. The launch had been initially scheduled for July 14, 2019. However, the launch was aborted due to a technical glitch and was rescheduled.

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