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Pulmonary Questions and Answers (Q&A)

John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Squamous cell carcinoma -(e) correct. most squamous cell carcinomas are located centrally and arise in bronchi, leading to obstruction of a large airway that can cause a lipid pneumonia. in this...Read More

1 Answer

262 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Smoking -(c) correct. smoking remains the most frequent cause of lung cancer. lung cancer does, however, occur in nonsmokers. a small cell anaplastic carcinoma, as in this patient, is virtually...Read More

2 Answers

245 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Bronchial asthma -(d) correct. in an acute asthmatic episode, there can be an outpouring of mucus which, along with some dehydration, can lead to the formation of mucus plugs. the asthmatic episodes...Read More

2 Answers

244 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Chronic bronchitis -(c) correct. chronic bronchitis is defined clinically as a person who has persistent cough with sputum production for at least 3 months in at least 2 consecutive years. air...Read More

2 Answers

241 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
A clot from somewhere else that is lodged in the lungs obstructing blood flow through pulmonary vasculature.

1 Answer

231 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Diffuse alveolar damage -(e) correct. diffuse alveolar damage (or ards as it is known clinically) is the final event following lung injury from a variety of serious illnesses or accidents. in this...Read More

1 Answer

231 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Lung abscess -(b) correct. a lung abscesses can result from aspiration of oropharyngeal or nasopharyageal contents, where bacterial organisms as part of normal flora can be picked up and transported...Read More

1 Answer

227 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Paraseptal emphysema -b) correct. paraseptal emphysema is not common, but does account for a significant number of cases of spontaneous pneumothorax in young persons. it is not related to smoking....Read More

2 Answers

225 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Sarcoidosis -(c) correct. sarcoidosis is typified by non-caseating granulomas. however, culture of the tissue and a careful search histologically should be made for organisms.(a) incorrect....Read More

1 Answer

225 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Streptococcus pneumoniae -(g) correct. she has a lobar pneumonia, which is most often a community aquired pneumonia (the nursing home counts as a community venue), following a debilitating course of...Read More

1 Answer

224 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection -(b) correct. this is a description of the typical ghon complex of an initial, or primary, tb infection. the peripheral granuloma does not produce symptoms, but...Read More

1 Answer

221 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Multiple cysts with gms stain -(c) correct. he is most likely to have pneumocystis carinii (jirovecii) pneumonia in association with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. pcp has an exudate...Read More

1 Answer

221 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Staphylococcus aureus -a) correct. pulmonary abscesses typically have an air-fluid level. more virulent bacterial organisms such as staphylococcus aureus are likely to cause such a complication of a...Read More

1 Answer

221 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Bronchiectasis -(b) correct. the chronic lung disease of cystic fibrosis often includes bronchiectasis, a disease characterized by inflammation with obstruction and dilation and destruction of...Read More

1 Answer

220 views
John Smith
Answered: May 29, 2020
Acid fast bacilli -(e) correct. the hemoptysis suggests that the granulomas have eroded enough parenchyma and involved a bronchus. a granulomatous reaction is typical for mycobacterium...Read More

1 Answer

219 views
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