The correct answer to this question is C, Sulfonylureas. They are a class of organic compounds. Sulfonylureas are used in both fields of agriculture and medicine. The common drug that they are found in is the drug to manage type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. In this drug, their job is to increase insulin release.
The release is from the beta cells into the pancreas. Like all medicines, there are side effects which include sweating, weight gain, and nervousness. The first edition of this medicine was developed in the 1950s. Along with taking this medication, one should have a healthy diet and exercise regularly.
Urinary retention is not a side effect of cholinoreceptor blocker (Atropine).
An organophosphate is compound whose molecule contains either one or multiple phosphate ester groups. This especially, but not exclusively, refers to organic fertilizers of this type.
Generally organophosphates is the broad name given to esters of phosphoric acid. It should be noted as well that organophosphates often have an intense neurotoxic activity as well. These sort of molecules were actually originally developed as nerve gases but as stated they are often fertilizers, insecticides, and fire retardants that are quite widely used these days.
The answer to this is letter C. There are some people who are not too familiar with hydrophilic drugs. This type of drugs usually stays in the blood until the extra fluid becomes eliminated. This is usually eliminated through renal extraction.
This explains why there is an increase in the volume distribution. Since this soluble in water, this is not absorbed by the rest of the body. Rather, this is going to be excreted. The best option is for the patient to take hydrophobic drugs so that the volume will become higher.
When a client with cardiac disease is prescribed Amiodarone (Cordarone) orally the nurse should notify the health-care provider of dyspnea, fatigue, and cough.. This medication is a antidysrhythmic which means it is a drug that is used to treat abnormal heart rhythms that result from irregular electrical activity in the heart.
There are four classes of these types of drugs. Although these drugs are used in the treatment of all kinds of heart related issues it is still important to monitor the patient and be sure that nothing is going wrong. All medications have possible side effects to worry about. Some of them are unlikely but they still could occur.
Loratadine is a less sedating newer antihistamine which does not cross the blood-brain barrier. It relieves sneezing, running nose and rash irritation
Ondansetron (Zofran) is a drug that is high efficacy in chemotherapy patients
Atropine is an antimuscarinic receptor blocker that is commonly used to treat bradycardia and ophthalmic conditions. It is also used as an antidote to treat the toxicity of Acetylcholine esterase inhibitors organophosphate and beta blockers.
Atropine can decrease urgency of urine in a person causing urinary retention. It can also help increase the activity of the heart; it causes mydriasis as well constipation in persons taking atropine.
Side effects are undesirable effects of drugs. Any of these options can become a side effect to a person based on the reason he or she is using this medication.
For example, a person using atropine for an ophthalmic condition will find constipation, urinary retention and increased pulse to be a side effect of this medication as these effects are not required.