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Pediatric Nursing Questions and Answers (Q&A)

Sickle cell disease is a disorder that affects a person’s blood. It is inherited by one or both biological parents. When a person has sickle cell disease, then the person may experience signs of the disease when they are merely a baby.

Sometimes, the disease can show its signs as early as six months old. If someone is experiencing sickle cell disease, then he or she may have swelling in the feet or hands, infections and it could lead to a stroke. The hemoglobin in the blood is what is affected in a person with sickle cell disease. A type of sickle cell disease is called sickle cell anemia. Anemia is when someone’s blood does not have enough iron in it.

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Bryant’s traction should be used for a 1-year-and 2-month-old child weighing 26 lb. (11.8 kg) Admitted for traction to treat congenital hip dislocation. Bryant’s traction is a form of orthopedic traction standard in pediatrics. It is used to treat fractures in the femur and congenital hip dislocation in children below the age of 2 who also weigh below 30 lb.

For children over the age of 2, 90 – 90 traction (option D) is used to treat femoral fractures. Buck’s extension fracture (option B) is a form of skin traction used in the management and correction of fractures in the lower limb. Overhead suspension traction is used to treat fractures in the upper limb (humerus)

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