Microphones turn sounds into an energy signal. There are different kinds of microphones; however, the vast majority of microphones today can be grouped into two major categories: the condenser and dynamic microphones. The following are the differences between the condenser and dynamic microphones: a. DEFINITION: Condenser microphones are commonly used in studios to pick up sounds with great detail and accuracy. They capture high frequencies are used for delicate vocals. The critical thing to note about this process is that condenser microphones are delicate and are used to pick up and amplify more delicate sounds.
On the other hand, Dynamic microphones work best to record loud, and hence they are used for live performances, capturing strong signals and for powerful vocals. b. MODE OF OPERATION: Condenser microphones capture high frequencies with a light-weight membrane (referred to as the diaphragm) suspended by a fixed plate. Sound pressure against the diaphragm causes it to move, which in turn creates electrical output. In contrast, dynamic microphones use a wire coil inside the receiver to amplify signal picked up by the diaphragm. c. EXAMPLES: The following are examples of essential condenser microphones: Neuman U87, AKG C414, and Telefunken U47. While the following are examples of crucial dynamic microphones: Shure SM57, Shure SM58, Electrovoice RE20, and Sennheiser 421 II.