The answer is letter B. A compass is a navigational instrument used to find directions. If we trace back the history of the compass, several sources would say or claim that it was invented more than 2,000 years ago. However, before the compass was invented for navigational purposes, people determine a place’s geographical position through sighted landmarks and by following the position of celestial bodies.
Although some sources claim that the compass was invented more than 2,000 years ago, it is still worthy to remember some of the following information: the magnetic compass was invented as early as 206 BC for divination and the first recorded use of a magnetic compass for navigational purposes was between the years 1111 to 1117.
The capital of Iraq is Baghdad. Iraq is officially known as the Republic of Iraq and is a country located in the western part of Asia. The countries which border Iraq are Turkey in the north, Iran in the East, Saudi Arabia in the south, Kuwait in the southeast, Syria in the west and Jorden in the southwest. It has an area of 432,072 square kilometers and has a total population of more than 38 million people.
The country is currently ranked as the 36th most populated country in the world. Baghdad, on the other hand, is the capital of Iraq, largest city in the country and is the second largest city in the world of Arab. It has a total area of 204.2 square kilometers with a total population of more than 8 million people.
If we are to choose between the given choices, the answer to the question regarding the capital of Israel is Jerusalem. However, it is worthy to note that, even though Israel considers Jerusalem as their capital, such claim is not internationally recognized by the United Nations because Israel breached the international law by passing the Jerusalem Law in 1980 in which they stated that “Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel”.
That being said, although Jerusalem is found in Israel and is located between the Mediterranean Sea and covers 125,156 square kilometers of area, it should be noted that if we are to talk about Jerusalem being the capital of Israel, we should always take into consideration the international law governing the said city.
The capital of Lebanon is Beirut. Lebanon or most officially known as the Lebanese Republic is a sovereign state located in Western Asia. The country is bordered by Israel to its south, Syria to its north and eastern part and Cyprus to its west. It is considered as the smallest country in the mainland Asian continent with only an area of 10,452 square kilometers. As of today, Lebanon has a total population of more than 6 million people.
Beirut, on the other hand, is the largest city in Lebanon and is also considered to be the country’s capital. According to sources, Beirut is one of the oldest cities on Earth and the first historical mention of the capital can be found in Tell el Amarna letters which dates back as early as the 15th century.
The center of the Earth is called inner core. Before we delve into that, our planet Earth is composed of the crust and the mantle – both of which are filled or composed with silicate minerals or rocks. What comes next is the outer core which is composed of liquid metal and has a depth somewhere between 2,900 to 5,100 kilometers.
What next, which is considered as the center of the Earth, is the solid inner core which has a depth of about 5,100 to 6,400 kilometers. If you want to know how deep the inner core is, you can check the deepest hole human have created on the surface of the Earth which is called the Kola Superdeep Borehole which is located in the Russian Kola Peninsula and only has a depth of 12 kilometers.
The convoy driver’s sector of observation is from 9 to 1 o’clock. 9 to 11 o’clock position is used by the convoy driver only when an enemy is identified and the driver will finally place suppressive fire on that specific enemy within the sector of fire. The 9 to 1 o’clock position is used to observe the driver’s sector of scan wherein he uses the mirrors to observe his sides and rear.
The reason why the convoy driver observes from 9 to 1 o’clock is because he needed to maintain a high state of situational awareness and so he could watch out for threats. Some of these threats include the following: abandoned vehicles on the road, overpass, intersections, suspicious individuals or groups which may or may not be blocking the road and improvised explosive devices.
The answer is letter B. The difference between a map scale and scale is that scale is the size of a feature on a map and on Earth, while map scale is the relationship between the distance on a map and on Earth. To make this easy to understand, a map scale refers to the ratio given between the distance on a map and its corresponding distance on Earth.
An example of map scale is 1:100000 which means that 1 centimeter on the map is equal to 1 kilometer on Earth. There are two types of scale: 1) Large Scale which shows a smaller amount of a specific area coupled with a great amount of detail. An example of a large scale maps are those which show small towns or neighborhoods, and 2) small scale which shows a larger area, but only with a few details on it. An example of small scale maps are those which show a specific region, country or continent.
The answer is letter B. The difference between site and situation is that site refers to physical characteristics and situation refers to the location relative to other places. To make things simple, site refers to the actual location of the human population on Earth and it is composed of the physical characteristics of a place such as landforms, water availability, quality of soil, minerals, climate and vegetation type.
There are several factors when we talk about site such as if the particular place is located away from risks of flood, if the area’s land is fertile, if it is flat land and if it has reliable water supply. Situation, on the other hand, refers to the location relative to its surrounding places. Several factors of a situation such as if its accessibility and its strategic location to raw materials.
The science of making maps is called cartography. The word itself refers to map, sheet of paper or papyrus and is the science of making maps. There are different kinds of cartography such as the following: General cartography which are maps that are made for a general audience and thus contain different features, thematic cartography which are maps that have a specific themes in terms of geography and are made for a specific audience.
Topographic cartography are maps that are concerned primarily with the topographic description of a specific place such as terrains or reliefs, and topological cartography which are maps that are designed to contain only the important information of a specific place – an example of which is the New York City Subway which shows major city streets.
The largest city in Western Asia which is separated from the Caspian Sea by the Alborz Mountains to its north is the city of Tehran. It is the capital of Tehran Province and Iran and it is also considered as the most populated city in Iran and Western Asia. It is ranked 29th in the world in terms of population with a total population of more than 8 million in the city and more than 15 million in its metropolitan area.
It covers an area of 730 square kilometers with an elevation between 2,952 to 6,003 feet. Tehran has many landmarks such as the Azadi Tower which opened on January 14, 1972 and the Tabiat Bridge which was constructed from 2010to 2014.