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Geography Questions and Answers (Q&A)

Out of the given choices, the answer to the question which country follows the United States and China in total number of Internet users is letter D or Japan. Although there are many other countries with the highest number of internet users, Japan is the closest to number of users in the United States and China. To make it easier to understand, here are some of the countries with the highest number of internet users:

China has a recorded number of more than 731 million internet users. India comes second with more than 462 million internet users. United States has more than 286 million users, Brazil has more than 139 million users, Indonesia has more than 132 million users and JAPAN, which is the answer to the question, has more than 118 million internet users.

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The answer to the question is letter B or Antarctica if we are talking about which CONTINENT has no independent countries. Africa, South America, North America, Australia Europe and Asia all have independent countries or states and some of the independent countries are as follows: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Chile, Taiwan, Costa Rica, Denmark, France, Gabon, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Laos, Maldives, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Russia, United States and Venezuela.

Antarctica doesn’t have any independent countries because it is just one place covered in ice. It covers a total area of 14,000,000 square kilometers and there are no reported permanent residents in the continent although there are more or less than 5,000 temporary residents who are either visiting the continent or doing some research.

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Eratosthenes was the first geographer. He brought the concept of geography, a common field of science. Thousands of years ago, when the world was unexplored, exotic, and beyond anyone’s imagination, Eratosthenes was the one who spotted this term. He was one of the biggest contributors to the science of geography.

Eratosthenes was a Greek Mathematician and dexterous geographer. Initially, he developed one of the earliest maps between the year 276-195 BC. However, his greatest milestone was the concept of latitude and longitude. According to him, the word “Geography” is made up of two words - "Geo" means the earth and "Graphein" means to write.

It is also believed that he became the first man ever to calculate the appropriate size of the earth with a minimum of 2% error approximately. For his remarkable accomplishments, Eratosthenes will always lie at the top of the renowned geographers' list.

Talking about Geography, it’s a branch of social science which deals with the study of islands, continents, features, inhabitants, and natural processes of the earth. In short, it is an overall study of the earth.

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The correct answer to the question “What latitude has the plane reached” if “an airplane takes off from a location at 17 S latitude and flies to a new location 55 due north of its starting point” is 38 degrees north (2). The answer is fairly simple to explain. We all know that the equator is 0 degrees, and we should take that into account if the airplane has crossed the equator.

Now, we should assign the latitude south as a negative value. In this scenario, we can assume that the airplane started at -17 degrees. So, if the airplane flew 55 degrees north, then it would just mean that the latitude is 55 degrees minus 17 degrees. Using that formula, we will get the answer: 38 degrees North.

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There are a lot of areas in the world that haven’t been completely mapped. One could say that 70% of the planet is still unmapped. Most mapping of the present day has been done with the help of satellite imagery and hence inaccuracy is very likely possible.

  1. The Amazon: The simplest of them would be the Amazon. Much of the Amazon hasn’t been visited by feet. There are various reasons for this. The Amazon cannot be navigated after a certain point. Local superstitions also hamper mapping of the Amazons. There are also many uncontacted indigenous tribes living in the Amazon and their preservation means that they haven’t officially had any modern human contact and still exist in the stone ages. Helicopter exploration is a popular way but the initial 400 km of the Amazon cannot be explored.

  2. Mountainous borders of South America: The borders between Peru-Brazil, Peru-Bolivia, and Chile-Argentina are non-existent in many places. The height and rough geography of the Andes haven’t allowed human exploration of the Andes.

  3. Patagonian Ice Fields: South America is at it again. The Patagonian Icefields have pockets of tourist areas but most of them still remain unexplored and untouched by human feet. North Patagonian Ice Fields are one of the least explored areas of the planet.

  4. The Ocean Floor: Probably the least explored area of the planet is the ocean floor. Only 4% of the ocean floor is mapped and 96% still remains to be explored. Most of this is due to extreme physical conditions under the ocean. Methods are being devised to explore it but they are to no avail.

There are other unexplored lands which I haven’t included such as Greenland, Antarctica etc but these lands have at least been seen at very low altitudes through helicopters.

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Endogenic processes originate below the Earth's surface; particularly applied to Earth movements (by faulting and earthquakes) and volcanic activity. By contrast, exogenous processes come from forces on or above the Earth's surface. Endo is a prefix meaning "in" while Exo is a prefix meaning "out". The Earth is shaped by many different geological processes.

The forces that cause these processes come from both above and beneath the Earth's surface. There are three main endogenous processes: folding, faulting and volcanism. They take place mainly along the plate boundaries, which are the zones that lay on the edges of plates. These zones are weak. Endogenous processes cause many major landform features.

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The largest Islamic country by land area is Kazakhstan which means that A. is the right answer. There are a lot of people who go to different countries in the Middle East but they do not usually make Kazakhstan their choice. This is one country that may not be surrounded by the ocean but it boasts a very large land area.

This is known for having a lot of wildlife. This explains why people from all walks of life dream of going here. There are some areas that are modern like the rest of the world but there are also some areas that are still very traditional by Kazakhstan standards.

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According to UN Department of Statistics, there is no classification of countries as "Developed" or "Underdeveloped". However still the phrase "Developed nations" is omnipresent. This is largely because of the state of industrialization in a state. One of the first countries to be industrialized was United Kingdon then in no time it spread to Germany, France and other parts of Europe and finally to mainland US. A widely accepted phenomenon for a developed country is that its PCI (per capita income) should be more than or at least 12000 US Dollars. However, this figure is widely disputed among the economists and many of them believe that the mark of 25000 US Dollar is minimal for a country to be declared developed.

Many rating and credit allocation agencies also take HDI (Human Development Index) into account as HDI is a parameter which helps in determining the quality of life of the citizens in a nation-state. According to OECD, there are currently 78 countries which could be considered developed. According to UNHRC, a UN body, if HDI is taken into account then Nordic countries always tops the list followed by Canada and prominent western European economies.

Other factors which also plays a vital role in determining the level of overall development are mentioned below.

1> The Balance in Gender ratio: There should be a balanced gender ration as it directly influences the characteristics of a system both economically and socially in a nation-state.

2> The balance in Death and Birth rate: The equivalent of both should be zero in an ideal system although a variation of 0.3 is considered manageable.

3> They have a high level of debt: In a complex economy, the term "Fiscal deficit" is quite common and is considered a parameter of overall development, however, the fiscal deficit should be maintained uniformly meaning it should not get out of hand like in the case of Venezuela because it also increases the inflation.

4> Good utilization of natural resources like oil: A developed economy is always in need of more and more energy and thus if internally available they extract it, and if not, then imports it.

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Like any area in school that teaches you to think critically and analyze, there are a lot of employers that will be looking for those skills, specifically. However, there are also a lot of jobs that would suit someone who has studied geography in school that would utilize both their skills to analyze and the knowledge they learned from studying the earth.

Some of these include jobs like a town planner, a teacher, a lecturer, an environmental consultant, a recycling officer, and so many more. These jobs, and others like them, would use the knowledge that a geography major has learned and put them to the test.

To find the specific job that is best for one geography major is to read the job descriptions, find out what interests them most, and go from there.

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As so many other subjects in school are plagued with: the best in a specific subject are not drawn to teaching. English may be the only exception here, but that’s for another day. A lot of people do not set out to become teachers when they study geography or some of the more specialized sciences. Instead, they are aiming to make a difference in their field. So, most geography teachers do not have a lot of hands-on, first-hand experience in the subject.

However, there are more ways to learn than in a classroom. Watching a documentary about the landscape, visiting interesting sites, and even learning more about a different culture can all count as learning about geography. Most of these can be done on your own time, at your pace, in the way you learn best.

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