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Fluid Questions and Answers (Q&A)

If a graph is created, it most likely represents information in the form of numbers. Many conclusions can usually be drawn from this graph. In this case, there is a graph that shows the change in tubular fluid concentration of various substances along the length of the proximal tubule.

The TF/P stands for the tubular fluid concentration per plasma concentration. This is showed in a ratio. It was plotted as the tubular-fluid-to-plasma concentration ratio. Thus, the TF/P is equal to one for a substance that is at the same concentration in the tubular fluid and plasma.

All substances that are freely filtered have the same type of ratio equal to one. If a line had to show the ratio the most accurately it would be line three.

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2 Answers

First, this question is missing a phrase that would help it make sense. Secondly, the answer is metabolic acidosis, or answer A. This is basically when something has accumulated in the body - usually an acid.

It can be caused by one of three key things: the body isn’t breaking down enough acid, the body is producing too much acid, or there isn’t enough of a base to off-set the acids in the body.

One of the biggest cases of metabolic acidosis actually led to the patient’s diagnosis of ethylene glycol poisoning. This case was covered on the television show “Forensic Files” and is a wonderful insight into the side effects of metabolic acidosis. I cannot recall what episode it was.

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1 Answer

Option B - warmth integument surrounding the IV site.
Other signs of phlebitis include redness, pain, increase in temperature and swelling.

Pain occur in both phlebitis and infiltration. Edema is seen in both conditions. In infiltration, the skin is cool to touch but phlebitis is warm to touch. Skin discoloration of a bruise is not a good way to access phlebitis.
The skin in someone with phlebitis is red and someone with infiltration has a pale skin.

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The client most at risk of fluid volume deficiency would be the 45-year-old woman with second-degree burns over 20% of her body. This is because there are multiple ways fluids could come out of her body. Burns this serious could cause nausea and vomiting, resulting in a loss of whatever fluids have just entered the body.

These burns could also cause weeping wounds, which would let out fluids. Other ways this patient could lose fluids include the effects of actually being in the flames that burned this patient, such as when water inside the body evaporates or when plasma or other liquids end up being evaporated as well because of the heat. Over all, the correct answer is C, the woman with the second degree burns.

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The only thing on this list that wouldn’t be a result of an excess of bodily fluid in the intravascular cavity would be an elevated hematocrit level. This is basically an elevated number of red blood cells in someone’s blood. That is its own problem, and it really is a problem. Usually, an elevated hematocrit level can be instructive of many different things. For example, it could mean that the person is dehydrated or that they’re a smoker.

One of the causes in general is a lack of available oxygen, according to emedicinehealth.com. Some suffering from a high hematocrit level will require the old fashioned, but very effective, remedy of blood letting. However, low counts may need iron supplements and other treatments.

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D is the answer to this question. The collecting duct is the system of the kidney that comes with other ducts and tubules. The nephrons are located in various parts of the organs. The urinary system is highly significant because there is a need for people to extract excess water from their bodies that may come with toxins and other materials that the body does not need.

People who get urinary tract issues should get themselves checked by the doctor because there may be further issues that will occur in the long run. When the kidney has failed, this will need continuous dialysis that can be very time consuming and can also cause weakness to those who are affected overall.

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