Self-employed and employees are two terms for two different types of people. Self-employed refers to an individual who owns a particular business and does not work under anybody or company. This set of people work for themselves either by owning a business or by remotely discharging a particular service to people. An employee, on the other hand, is someone that is under a contract to offer a particular service to people. An employee can be hired by a small business, government, or by private business. An employee does not have total freedom; he must follow every rule and regulation set by his employer.
Self-employed people, on the other hand, have total freedom as to how they want their business to be run, they are not answerable to anybody. An employee is working for the progress of their employer, while a self-employed person is working to increase his own profits. An employee has access to different bonuses from his employer, but there is no provision for this as a self-employed person except for the profits that come from the business.
The full meaning of FMLA is Family and Medical Leave Act, while sick leave, which can also be referred to as paid sick leave refers to the amount of days off that an employee is entitled to without being deprived of his pay and benefits. FMLA is a federal act practiced majorly in the United States that was passed into law in the year 1993. This act allows for the freedom of an employee to take at least 12 weeks leave to attend to a serious illness of his personal self or a family member.
The sick leave, however, is not an act, but a leave that is granted by an employer as it pleases him for an employee to take time in looking into his or her illness state. The major difference between the two leave is that the sick leave can be taken anytime by the employee as and when required for any illness; while the FMLA allows for only serious illness such as cancer and the likes. In addition, during the sick leave (or short term disability) the employee can even be compensated with some amount, but the FMLA only offers a sure 12 minimum unpaid weeks.