A few things are known about quantum fields. One; electrons are fermions, in which fermions cannot exist in the same state at the same time. And two; this is because particles with antisymmetric wave patterns cannot exist in the same state. According to quantum field theory, electrons must have...Read More
After several failed attempts before him, Donald Kerst successfully accelerated electrons in 1940 at the University of Illinois. Kerst was able to accelerate the electrons using a betatron. A betatron sends electrons into high speed, circular orbit, using the electric field created by a varying...Read More
Electron beams play a significant role in welding; specifically when you want a job done that is precise, clean, and when the area surrounding it should not be heated. The electron beam is also helpful in welding because it produces a beam that is high energy enough to fuse materials together-...Read More
X-rays are also called X-radiation. Specifically, it is an electromagnetic radiation. There are certain wavelengths for certain X-rays. However, many of the common x-rays found at doctor’s and dentist’s offices us a low range of a wavelength which is between 0.01 and 10 nanometers....Read More
Although the electron transport chain uses many of the products created in the Krebs cycle, they do not occur in the same place. The Krebs cycle occurs in the mitochondria and the electron transport occurs in the mitochondria membrane.
Quarks and leptons are known to be particles that are more common in physics. These are particles that cannot be broken down anymore. Take note that some people say that they are not merely particles but rather families of particles that will stay together no matter what which explains why they...Read More
The inner electrons are known to have lower energy as compared to the outer ones. The electrons that are located on the outer portion of the atom usually has more potential energy as compared to those that are staying near the nucleus.
The electrons that are in the outer...Read More
The charge of proton in the nucleus may attract electrons but this doe not happen often. It just attracts electrons which causes the electrons to hover near the nucleus of an atom. If in case a collision does happen, this is called electron capture. The proton and the electron that collided...Read More
It was in the year 1897 when free electrons were first discovered by J.J Thompson. He was just looking into the properties of the cathode ray when he made the discovery. The moment that free electrons were discovered, people looked into it and it immediately became a big deal. By the year 1900,...Read More