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Disease Questions and Answers (Q&A)

DKA means Diabetic Ketoacidosis while HHNK means Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Non-Ketoacidosis. These two conditions are suffered by those with diabetes. The two diabetic conditions must be managed as quickly as possible because they are potential life-threatening diseases. However, there is a slight difference between the two of them. The difference will be discussed in relation to their causes.


DKA can be experienced in diabetes 1 and diabetes 2 and is caused as a result of shortage of insulin i.e. when the insulin level in the body is low. Due to the shortage of insulin, the fat in the body will be converted to insulin to compensate for the loss. Also when a diabetes patient does not effectively follow insulin therapy, it can lead to Ketoacidosis. HHNK on the other hand is caused mainly by dehydration and it can also be caused by infections. DKA can only be cured by going for insulin therapy while HHNK can be cured by going for hydration therapy and cure the infection, if it caused by infection.

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The infection affects a person with disease; on the other hand, the disease can be the result of an infection. The rate of contamination can quickly determine infection. For example, contaminating the air we breathe, or the water we drink is said to cause contamination. Infection is an attack or growth inside the body. Infection can cause severe damage to the body, leading to diseases that can eventually kill someone. It is because of the weakening of the human body, and it’s a breakdown of the immune system after the infection from any pathogens; that the body starts responding automatically by showing symptoms of pain, fever, and aches, which is the awful state of disease.

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Answer is C , decreased respiratory excersion

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Parkinson’s disease is a condition that is created when nerve cells in the brain are damaged. These nerve cells control motor functions - IE someone’s movement. It’s a common condition in the United States, but it often requires that a formal medical diagnosis is given before treatment can begin. There’s no cure for this condition, but treatment is able to help those affected live a more normal life than if they didn’t have that treatment.

Parkinson’s often means that the person affected will have tremors and stiff muscles. The tremors and stiff muscles come from the fact that the nerves can’t function right, so the body doesn’t know what to do with itself. Medications can help the nerves work with what they’ve got.

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Atrial fibrillation is a common symptom that only occurs with mitral regurgitation

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There are a couple of different ways that herpes can develop when you have a herpes outbreak. The first is one that a lot of us get: cold sores. These are oral herpes outbreak. Cold sores can be cold sores of their own right, but if you have oral herpes, these could be the sign of an outbreak.

However, there is also a genital strain of herpes that infects the genital areas of the body. Signs of this kind of outbreak often appear down there, or even on the thighs and butt cheeks. Any area around the genitals can be infected when this herpes appears. Signs can also appear incredibly mild, being mistaken for a razor burn, an ingrown hair, or even “jock itch”.

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The neurons in your spinal cord are partly responsible for this. Ever had a foot fall asleep after sitting on it for too long? This is because the signal wasn’t getting to your spinal cord. Once you let that signal have a proper pathway, you get the familiar pins and needles feeling.

The other neurons that are responsible for this feeling are located in your limbs. The sensory pathways that carry that kind of feeling to the brain extends down into your fingers and toes and comes back to the brain. If you pinch an area long enough - by sitting on it or putting enough pressure on it that the signal can’t get through - you’re blocking part of that sensory pathway.

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The correct answer to this question is C, the reduction of blood vessels. Also known as CAD or coronary heart disease, coronoary artery disease is the narrowing of the coronary arteries--these are the blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart.

When blood vessels that carry blood to your heart harden, with fatty deposits known as plaque buildup. As plaque continues to build, it begins to blocks blood flow to your heart. If pieces of plaque fall off, it can cause platelets to cluster in the area in attempt to repair the blood vessel. This clump of platelets can block the artery, and eventually leading to a heart attack.

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