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Disease Questions and Answers (Q&A)

The answer is C. Leads to a differential diagnosis of corneal guttata. When you have corneal guttata, it affects the endothelium. So now when you have farinata, you have these grayish white flecks in the deep corneal stroma.

Corneal farinata is a type of dystrophy in the cornea.

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(B) NIH (National Institutes of Health)

The NIH is the agency that conducts research on diseases around the world. The organization is the largest biomedical research agency in the world and works to prevent disease and improve health for individuals across the globe. They are primarily a research organization and help provide data and information needed to form cures and treatments for various diseases.

They research causes, prevention methods, and potential cures for human diseases, as well as the effects that environmental contaminants can have on our biology. They also direct programs for the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information across health organizations, fueling the cooperation necessary to cure diseases and improve overall health and wellness. The research they provide is essential to improving human health.

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B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

A syndrome is considered to be a set of different signs and symptoms that may seem to be related to each other. For example, there are certain illnesses that may seem similar to each other because they share the same symptoms. The syndrome is often to be linked to certain diseases that may be linked to pathogens. The disease is known to be more precise but do take note that these terms are sometimes used interchangeably.


The only difference is that the disease is more specific. This is a type of illness that may be cured especially when it is caught early. If not, then disease may turn fatal. There are some diseases that can be considered deadly even if they are caught early.

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B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

Anxiety is always characterized by an unpleasant state of mental nervousness, apprehension, or uneasiness about the possibility of some uncertain events. Anxiety is a state of agitation and restlessness of the mind when someone is confronted with things he quickly develops a phobia for.

As this period, a particular hormone called adrenaline is released to prepare the body for an emergency. This hormone causes an increased flow of blood to the heart and consequently results in the contraction of the heart muscles more harder. Heart attack, on the other hand, is one of the deadliest health conditions which occurs when there is a sudden interruption of blood to the heart.

The interruption might be as a result of the formation of a blood clot in the arteries, and when blood suddenly stopped coming to the heart, there won't be oxygen supply to the heart. Heart attack can be caused by other heart-related problems. Both conditions have similar symptoms ranging from sweating, vomiting, breathlessness, chest pain.

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B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

Hashimoto is a particular type of disease which occurs when the immune system in the body attacks the thyroid gland, and this consequently affects the secretion of the hormone by the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, is the term used to describe the condition in which there is a low amount of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream.

Hypothyroidism can be divided into two parts; the primary and secondary type. The primary type is when there's a meager amount of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream, which the second type is when there is a meager amount of pituitary and hypothalamus glands in the bloodstream.

Hypothyroidism can be caused by a lot of things apart from the activities of the immune system. It can be caused due to the effect of medications we take, and also when we take a little amount of iodine giving foods whereas Hashimoto is caused only by the activities of the immune system on the thyroid gland.

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T. Lopez

Let's see how far my knowledge stretches

Epilepsy is an occurring neurological disorder wherein the person who has this often experiences a seizure. Hysteria, on the other hand, is usually experiencing fear related to a particular body part in an imaginative state of mind. Epilepsy is more on the physical aspect while hysteria is more on the mental state where a person shows an unimaginable fear that results in a hyper reaction.

Epilepsy usually occurs when the neurons in the brain are highly activated. Hysteria could be an effect of multiple incidents or situations in a person’s past which has compromises in severe conflicts. In conclusion, epilepsy is caused by an abnormality in the brain and hysteria is a result of abnormal fears or fantasies.

1 Answer

T. Lopez

Let's see how far my knowledge stretches

Diabetes and hyperglycemia are often thought to be the same but they really are different from one another. Hyperglycemia is the condition when the blood sugar level in the blood is abnormally high that is usually above 150 mg/dL after a few hours of consuming food. Diabetes, on the other hand, is a disease wherein the cells in the body become resistant to insulin or the pancreas does not produce insulin.

The symptoms of hyperglycemia are frequent urination, fatigue, weight loss, vision problems, nausea, and excessive thirst. The symptoms of diabetes include extreme hunger, fruity-smelling breath, abdominal pain, dry skin, shortness of breath, and rapid breathing in addition to the symptoms of hyperglycemia as well.

1 Answer

B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

Giantism is the result if the disease mechanism starts in childhood, whereas acromegaly is the result if the disease mechanism begins after puberty. Acromegaly is more common than giantism. Giantism is so rare that there are only about a hundred known cases of it recorded. Mortality rates of giantism during childhood are unknown because the disease is so rare and unusual.

The mortality rate of those with acromegaly is two to three times that of the general population. Giantism begins at any age before puberty, whereas acromegaly occurs at around the third decade. Giantism features excessive tallness while acromegaly features excessive growth of the lower jaw, tongue, and finger ends.

1 Answer

B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

Dumb and mute are two different words that actually seem similar in meaning, but there are few differences between them, especially in their usage in sentences. It is to be noted that it might sound impolite and inappropriate to use the word dumb in various contexts, but mute would most likely do. Dumb is an adjective that can be used to refer to the act of being speechless or lack of ability to talk base on its original meaning.

It can be used to refer to a non-living or inanimate object. Dumb, connoting its meaning is used in a device term "dumb waiter." This is a device that operates mechanically by delivering food, meals, or other items to rooms in a building. This name is given to it because, though it performs the work of a waiter, it cannot alter any speech; thus "dumb waiter." In the usage of dumb in modern English, it is used to refer to a temporal moment of being mute, probably due to shyness, fear, or shock. Mute can be used as an adjective or verb to refer to the inability to speak also.

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Scleroderma is known to be a type of skin condition that can affect the skin but there are instances when it can also have an effect on the muscles and the bones. There are instances when scleroderma may be aggravated by eating certain types of food. Cysts can be found in the muscles and other tissues of the body. It may form because of infections, other clogs, and so much more.

A lot of cysts may also appear on the skin but there are times when cysts may also be mistaken as tumors and they would need to be removed. These skin conditions can be a bit hard to live with but with constant monitoring, it will not be too hard.

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