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Disease Questions and Answers (Q&A)

S. Barnes

Driving down to Knowledge town

Both Atelectasis and Pneumonia are infections and illnesses that affect the lungs. However, there are two key differences between Atelectasis and Pneumonia. Pneumonia, which is probably more expected and common with people overall, is an inflammation of the lungs.


Atelectasis is when the lung closes or collapses for whatever reason. Then the gas from outside of the lung escapes and gas comes in. This change of gases causes the problems that lead to Atelectasis. If someone has Atelectasis, they may not feel anything.

However, with Pneumonia, the patient will feel sick like they have the flu. A CT scan may be used in determining the diagnosis of Atelectasis, but not with Pneumonia. Smoking would be required to stop if you had Atelectasis.

2 Answers

B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

PVD is the short form of Peripheral Vascular Diseases, while PAD is the short form of peripheral Arterial Diseases. Both PVD and PAD are most times used interchangeably, this is because they are a bit connected. PVD is the general name for all vascular diseases, and when we say vascular diseases, we are talking about diseases that can wreck damage to all the vessels in the body. Veins, arteries are two examples of vessels in the body. These vessels can be attacked by diseases; they can suffer from rupture or inflammation.

This means PAD is just a type of PVD. We have peripheral arterial diseases when there is damage on the arteries especially due to diseases. PVD can be classified into two, namely; functional PVD and organic PVD. When the damage done on the vessels do not affect their functionality, it is called Functional PVD, but if otherwise, it is called Organic PVD

2 Answers

B. Wright

Always excited to learn and talk about new topics

Warts are deformed growths occurring on the skin caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They usually appear very small, hard, and rough, and they are mostly seen on the hands and feet. It should be noted that warts are not cancerous and they don't usually cause pain except for some areas of the body. Cyst, on the other hand, is a sac or pouch without opening, usually membranous and containing morbid matter, which develops in one of the natural cavities or in the substance of an organ.

Cysts can be filled with either semisolid, liquid, and even gaseous substances. Cysts can appear in different sizes; they can appear very small and at the same time very big. Since cysts occur mostly in the tissue, they can be formed anywhere in the body, as well outside the body. There are types of cysts and warts that do not show any symptoms, but brain cysts and breast cysts can result in pain.

2 Answers

Hypoglycemia and diabetes are conditions related to the pancreas and blood sugar levels. Diabetes is linked with elevated blood sugar levels, while hypoglycemia is a low blood sugar level. However, hypoglycemia itself is a symptom of diabetes. Specific symptoms characterize diabetes.

These include extreme thirst, constant hunger, and constant urination. All of these symptoms are due to higher blood sugar levels. Hypoglycemia causes dizziness, impaired vision, foggy brain, and tiredness.

There are two types of diabetes. With type 1, the person depends on insulin. The person may experience ketoacidosis and weight loss. With type 2 diabetes, the person does not depend on insulin.

2 Answers

Many people confuse osteoporosis with osteoarthritis and vice versa. Osteoporosis is a disease that mostly occurs in women following menopause, in which bones become extremely porous and are subject to fracture.

Osteoporosis is caused due to increase in bone resorption caused by a decrease in estrogen, old age, certain medical conditions (such as hyperparathyroidism, multiple myeloma, hyperthyroidism, and malabsorption syndrome) and use of certain drugs.

Osteoporosis is diagnosed by bone mineral density measurement by DEXA. On the other hand, osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis, affecting mainly older people, caused by chronic degeneration of the cartilage and synovial membrane of the joints, leading to pain and stiffness.

This chronic wear and tear lead to inflammation with inadequate repair. The affected person often present with pain in weight-bearing areas after use, such as the knees. The pain improves with rest.

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JVD is a symptom of right heart failure, not left sided heart failure.

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Imagine running down the road when an attacker comes up behind you. He hits you over the head with a heavy piece of wood. You survive and go to the hospital. The doctors inform you that you now suffer from Flaccid Dysarthria due to the traumatic injury.

The Flaccid Dysarthria which could be caused from other disorders damages one part of the nervous system which is the peripheral nervous system in the cranial or spinal nerves. It affects the way you speak.

After the ordeal, you may have trouble communicating with others until you can overcome this disorder. One symptom that you may experience is low-muscle tone or muscle weakness. Your reflexes won’t be as strong either and your voice may sound different.

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None of the above. There is no cognitive impairment is the 1st stage of AD. Many do not know they have the disease and doctors and family members do not notice any new onset cognitive deficits because they do not exist in this early stage.

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This patient could have what is called strep rash, and it can coincide with strep throat. It is commonly referred to as scarlet fever and would have the same symptoms of strep throat with the addition of a rash on the face, trunk, arms, and scalp. Strep rash used to be an ongoing issue until the advancement of antibiotic use for strep throat.

The most common antibiotic used for strep is penicillin, and many medications within the penicillin family can help. The main thought is that if you have a very sore throat and a fever for three days or more you should seek medical attention because if left unchecked and untreated, strep can go into the bloodstream and affect organs such as kidneys, heart, and liver.

2 Answers

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