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Disease Questions and Answers (Q&A)

Thalassemia. Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder in which the body produces an abnormal form of hemoglobin, leading to anemia. Thalassemia is genetically inherited, not caused by lifestyle choices. Cirrhosis is chronic liver damage. It can have a variety of causes, but alcohol abuse is a particularly common one. Stroke also has a variety of causes (and the causes are not very well understood) but there are some lifestyle choices associated with stroke.

Smoking, poor diet, and lack of physical activity can all increase the risk of stroke. And arteriosclerosis is the buildup of cholesterol in blood vessels. It’s commonly associated with poor diet, especially with a diet high in bad cholesterol. So these other three are all examples of lifestyle diseases.

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All of the above. Renal disease, also known as kidney disease, is associated with exposure to nephrotoxins, or hazardous substances that damage the nephrons. Nephrons are the functional units of the kidney, small capsules that filter toxins out of the blood and sends waste products away for excretion. In the battery industry, workers might be exposed to cadmium (Cd), which is a major nephrotoxin used in manufacturing rechargeable nickel-cadmium batteries.

Cadmium exposure would also be a risk factor in the chemical industry. Chronic kidney disease has also been observed to strike agricultural workers in developing countries disproportionately. While the exact causes of these outbreaks are not well understood, recent research suggests nephrotoxic pesticides may be to blame (Valcke et al. 2017).

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Curing a sore throat can be difficult. However, if you can’t afford to see the doctor (a sad reality in the United States), you can probably spare a few dollars for some cough drops. Cough drops often contain a few ingredients meant to coat your throat. Since you suck on them, they work little by little for a good while before you need another one. Another home remedy is to drink herbal tea with honey.

Honey will do the same thing - coat your throat so that it can’t be irritated further. Even if you can see a doctor, these are a couple of good methods to try because they can protect your throat if your appointment isn’t for a couple of days.

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The correct answer is A. An opportunistic pathogen attacks people with weak immune system i.e. people with AIDS to cause diseases as they take advantage of a weak host. This pathogen can also attack people with lowered resistance that causes infections or injuries.

A person who is malnourished has recurrent infections, and with advanced HIV infections are usually the targets of this pathogen. It can make a disease more severe thus restoring of the immune system must be done as soon as possible. People who have AIDS must undergo an antiretroviral therapy to decrease their burden on the effects of HIV in their bodies, to help their immune system, and to avoid opportunistic infections that might cause them death.

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B. Highest levels in liver; lower levels in kidney and intestine; some forms e.g. CYP3A1 only extrahepatic

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Firstly warn the patient how best to sit in the wheelchair whilst supporting his/her in the movement from bed to wheelchair. Explain that the popliteal areas must not touch the seat edge.

If size allows, place a pillow behind the patient's back. When the patient is settled, clip the belt to the holders before the wheelchair is moved off.

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If you are planning on getting rid of your double chin, the fastest way is to resort to professional help. There are several ways how you can remove your double chin such as AirSculpt Chin Lipo which is a 20-minute invasive procedure to give you a sharper jawline and a better facial proportion. AirSculpt is said to be painless and lasts for long that you don’t have to undergo a second procedure to maintain your sharper jawline.

However, if you can’t afford this procedure, you can still resort to exercise and diet. You can exercise your chin and then lower your calorie intake so that you can get rid of the double chin that has been bothering you for so long.

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Coughing in a public place like a funeral or a church service can be embarrassing. The first thing you want to do is to make it stop. However, there may be a tickle in your throat and the coughing persists. There are certain ways to get the coughing to stop. First, you may want to drink some water. Water will soothe a dry throat and probably get the coughing to stop or lessen. It is best to drink water instead of other beverages.

Another suggestion would be to sit as straight up as possible. Drainage may have accumulated in your throat causing the coughing. Another suggestion would be to suck on a small piece of candy or cough drop. You should do this especially if you don’t have access to water.

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Diarrhea is a common ailment that people get when their body does not like a certain food or ingredient in the food. In most cases, the food may be spoiled or not fresh. The system will flush out the food naturally. That may be why many people who experience diarrhea will feel thirsty afterwards. One way to prevent diarrhea is by eating healthy and fresh foods. Eating these foods will agree with your body’s systems. It would have no reason to flush anything out. Another way is to eat foods that you are familiar with.

If you travel, you will need to analyze the foods and water before you ingest those. Drinking plenty of bottled water will help because sometimes countries have dirty water.

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I would want to live in a small town, near a forest, of any country that experiences four seasons in a year. I find peace in the humming of the birds in the morning and the buzzing of insects at night. I dream of inhaling the fresh air from the trees around me, watch the sunrises while sipping my cup of tea.

It will be a joy too to see raindrops falling on the leaves and see the silhouettes of the trees when a bolt of lightning strikes. It will be a bonus to see wild animals in my backyard but I will just watch them from a distance to not attend and for them to continue to do what they are doing.

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