There are two courts in the United States, which consists of the federal court and state court. The federal government oversees the federal court, and the state government runs the state court. The state court of law is termed as a court of general jurisdiction, whereas the federal court is termed as having limited jurisdiction.
The federal court handles federal tax crimes, drug trafficking, marketing of firearms, robbery of federally insured banks, disagreements between states, bankruptcy, and cases connected to treaties and laws of the country. Most of the noteworthy criminal trials take place in the federal courts. The majority of the so-called minor cases, such as personal injuries and family cases, are handled by the state courts.
The start of integration began in 1896 when the case of Plessy v. Ferguson was heard by the Supreme Court. They stated that segregation was appropriate because it was considered to be “separate but equal.” Over time, this case was overturned in 1954. For Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, it reached the Supreme Court in which it stated that it was unconstitutional for public schools to be segregated based on the color of skin.
Integration of schools was required for all public schools. There were several reasons for this to take place. One is that more money was spent on certain schools than others. Another reason is because people attending one school would feel inferior compared to others who were attending another school.