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The zhou dynasty co-existed with the Shang dynasty. It was the longest period in Chinese history, some eight centuries, that a rule existed. It is mainly thought now that the start of the dynasty at 1046 bce. This is as result of archaeological discoveries putting the dynasty back earlier than...Read More
The warring states or Zhanguo or Chan-Kuo period came immediately before the Qin dynasty and was the reason or cause of that dynasty succeeding. There had been peaceful periods during the Zhou dynasty (the Spring and Autumn periods) but various states became unsettled and set war upon others...Read More
The Fengjian system in Ancient China resembled the later feudal system in medieval Europe. There was a clear hierarchy and expectation of roles that meant everyone 'knew his place'. The feudal lords were rich and had the power to protect.
Their needs were met by the knigh...Read More
Several states in the Zhou dynasty, which had lasted for many generations, were captured during the Warring States period. Eventually, amongst the self-styled kings of the independent states, one from the strongest state overcame the rest in 221 BC.
This was the Emperor o...Read More
Some of the important discoveries made during the Shang and Zhou dynasty include: Bronze work: the Shang dynasty industrialized bronze work, they made exquisite bronze vessels and weapons as it reached the heights of China’s Bronze Age. Several workshops were built outside cities and...Read More
The mandate of heaven doctrine was used by the Zhou to legitimize their overthrow of the Shang dynasty. The Zhou created the mandate of heaven. The idea of the mandate of heaven was that there could be only one legitimate ruler of China at the time, and that ruler had to be blessed by the gods....Read More
What could be a better way of ensuring you were the right person to rule than to have Heaven decree it! This is basically what the Mandate of Heaven was, begun in the Shang dynasty but continued over generations.
The Shang king who instituted it only had his own power in...Read More
The spring and autumn period of the ancient China refers to the period between 771 to 476 BC. It corresponds to the first half of Eastern Zhou dynasty. This time period is named after a book called the spring and Autumn Annals, which was a chronicle of the state of Lu. This period preceded the...Read More
The five hegemons lived in the spring and autumn periods of the Zhou dynasty. the hegemon bestowed royal powers in military ventures. Duke Huan of Qi, Duke Wen of Jin and King Zhuang of Chu were the first three hegemons, Duke Song and Duke Qin the other two. Duke Huan reformed Qi to centralize...Read More
The Qin dynasty is ancient, but others, previously thought to be mythical, existed before. The Shang dynasty 1500 BCE has been evidenced thanks to oracle bones uncovered in 1899. Before this dynasty the Xia dynasty probably existed but no evidence has been found for this so far.