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Blood Questions and Answers (Q&A)

Sodium IS a very important electrolyte in the body. Sorry you are incorrect

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I think also a menstrutating women is prohibited in donating blood since she loses blood

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Secondary Causes ofHypercholesterolemia:

·Hypothyroidism, Obstructive liver disease. Nephrotic syndrome. Anorexia nervosa

·Drugs: progestins, thiazide diuretics, glucocorticoids, beta-blockers, isotretinoin, protease inhibitors, cyclosporine, mirtazapine, sirolimus.

On the other side,Secondary Causes ofHypertriglyceridemia:

·Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Lipodystrophy. Glycogen storage disease, Sepsis, Pregnancy, Acute hepatitis, Systemic lupus erythematous, multiple myeloma, lymphoma,

·Drugs: Alcohol, estrogens, isotretinoin, beta blockers, glucocorticoids, bile-acid resins, thiazides, interferons, azole antifungals, mirtazapine, anabolic steroids, sirolimus

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The ABO blood group have four types of blood group such as blood type A where antigen and anti-B antibodies are present, blood type B where antigen and anti-A antibodies are present, blood type AB where both A antigen and B antigen are present but antibodies are not, and blood type O where there are no antigens present, but both anti-A and anti-B antibodies are present.

It was Karl Landsteiner who discovered and identified the blood types A, B and O in 1900, and Alfred von Decastello and Adriano Sturli who discovered blood type AB in 1902. Blood type O is very common throughout the whole world, but people who have this blood type are susceptible to diseases such as thyroid disorders and ulcers.

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Portosystemic vascular shunt is the portal where blood bypasses the liver to gain direct access to the systemic vascular system. It is an abnormal blood vessel that bypasses blood away from the liver which causes liver failure, and behavioral changes, coma and seizures due to the toxins collected in the blood. There are many ways to diagnose portosystemic vascular shunt by keeping in mind the following abnormalities: elevated white blood cell count, low cholesterol, elevated blood ammonia, elevated liver enzymes or low blood urea nitrogen.

There are also different ways to treat vascular shunts through medical therapy such as a low protein diet and using of lactulose to bind the ammonia, neurologic emergency such as fluid therapy and surgical correction.

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Growing children are undergoing bone rearrangement as well, why would we not expect alkaline phosphate to be higher?

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