Biomechanics is the science that applies the simple Newtonian laws of physics to gait related activities. There are various analytical experiments that are done with the help of biomechanical theories.
The main use of biomechanics in sports for analysis of an athlete’s physical abilities and learning how the performance of such an athlete might be improved.
Concisely speaking, Sports Biomechanics comprises of four important analyses
The optimal technique for enhancing athlete performance.
Finding the safest method to help the athlete play well and avoid injuries.
Identifying the capabilities of an athlete’s muscles to help determine the necessary diet and exercise patterns
Analysing an athlete’s abilities with various sports and exercise equipment.
We will take a case study to explain these points further. We’ll consider gymnastics for our sport for scrutiny.
Biomechanics is applied extensively in gymnastics. Gymnasts are observed carefully and there are always methods to help them increase their flexibility. The food intake of gymnasts is maintained carefully and they must always follow a strict diet. If a gymnast cannot perform a particular stretch, his/her exercise is changed slightly to accommodate the stretch.
Gymnasts belong to various body types and hence this aspect of theirs is also tested to analyze what moves they can and can’t do. Gymnast clothing is specially designed for least amount of resistance and friction and the required amount of flexibility.
Gymnasts are trained how not to damage their muscles during extremely tough movements. Every move a gymnast does is carefully observed to see if it can be damaging to their muscles in any way. This helps in avoiding injuries on the field.
This distinct discipline is 20-21st century if we use that name, but the understanding of the study of movement in life forms began centuries ago, at least in Aristotle's teachings. He studied the movements of animals. Borelli in the Renaissance studied the basis of muscular and skeletal functioning.
Later scientists in this field had to face the problem of multiple amputees thanks to WWI bombing, and again in WWII. The rise of sports disciplines brought the field of biomechanics into a thriving professional area that we now see in the 21st century.
If the formula is A = V-U/t, you can always rearrange the variables in the formula to find the amount for another variable. Typically speaking if you are subtracting a variable, you may need to add it to the other side. In most formulas, if a variable is multiplied to another variable, it will be divided in order to move it to the other side of the formula. The opposite happens as well.
If you are dividing a variable in a formula, you will multiply it in order to move it to the other side of the formula. In this case you would have T is equal to the variable “v” multiplied to the variable “u” which has been divided by the variable “a.”
A biomechanist needs qualifications in both mechanics and anatomy. It is possible to become a biomechanist starting from either direction: i.e. a degree in engineering and additional qualifications in biologial sciences, or the reverse. Either way, to be a biomechanist you need to be a masters level. Typically you will be working in a research capacity within a university, a clinical setting or a sports science.
It is quite a glamorous profession in that those with only one discipline: engineering, biological sciences, sports sciences, will not have the wherewithal to tackle the work that you, the biomechanist, can do.
A biomechanist will most likely be working in a research capacity within a university, a clinical setting or a sports science. Biomechanics is a sub-field of the broader discipline, kinesiology, (the study of how people move.) Although Biomechanics is a research discipline, practical applications do exist as well.
Advice to athletes for fine tuning their performance may well come from the biomechanist. It is quite a glamorous profession in that those with only one discipline: engineering, biological sciences, sports sciences, will not have the wherewithal to tackle the work that you, the biomechanist, can do.
Biomechanics is a 21st century professional area and continually expanding in its applications. Sportsmen and women are tremendously benefited by biomechanics, whether they realise this or not, as their trainers and training will call upon this discipline in helping their muscles and movements to become optimised.
Disabled people will have aids developed through the skills of biomechanics. There is a great deal of research involved, much of it university based, so that new developments and innovations are part of the job experience.
Whereas mechanics is the scientific study of bodies in movement and the effect of force upon that movement, bio-mechanics adds another dimension. It adds the study of biological systems, and using methods derived from mechanics, their structure and function.
This area of study can be traced back to Socrates, but it was Galileo who developed the discipline further laying the basis for what it is today: a study whose results are used for professions such as exercise and sports science, health sciences, ergonomics and human factors, as well as engineering. confusingly, Biomechanics is also the name of the Soviet Union's antirealistic system of dramatic production developed in the early 1920s.
When you think of the different professional disciplines biomechanics crosses, the learning challenge is great. Most people qualify in only the one discipline. Another consideration is that people who enter engineering are usually very different and with different orientations than those entering biological sciences.
Both professional areas must be fully understood in biomechanics. It is helpful to disabled people to have the expertise of a biomechanist in planning their aids.
Remember, the biology you learn as a potential biomechanist, will be geared to the study of movement and the body's response to it.
Biology content of the course will include key concepts underpinning molecular and cell formation, nucleic acids, genes and genomics and more. Practical aspects will include the contributions possible for disabled persons and their functioning.