The art form where many little dots are used to create an image is called pointillism. One of the most prominent pointillism artist is Georges Seurat. He was a Frenchman that created the technique. He wanted more color to his pictures, but couldn’t get it in the paint colors available in that day. However, the word “pointillism” was coined to deride and defame the artists that used this technique.
Today, the word has lost its ridiculing connotation and is used simply to make a statement about the techniques used in the artwork. The dots are single colors, but often in varying tints and shades of the color. They are placed next to each other so that, when the painting is viewed at a short distance, the dots meld together and create a
Vincent Van Gogh used curvilinear lines in his famous painting “The Starry Night”. This basically means the lines curve. They’re not very straight, although the tower is probably the only example of straight lines in the painting. The stars could fall there as well, but that’s a discussion for another time. “The Starry Night” is, arguably, the most famous painting to come from Vincent Van Gogh’s time as an artist.
That’s not to say it’s his only work. He was a very prolific artist, and there are many of his pieces on display around the world today. These include “Bedroom in Arles” and “Sunflowers”. These three paintings have, interestingly, all appeared on the reboot of the hit BBC series “Doctor Who” - with the ninth through thirteenth doctors.
This half term is defined by a theme of the past, the present, and the future. However, anyone who hasn’t been in this class wouldn’t know anything else. So, have a grammar joke. The past, present, and future walk into a bar. It was tense. As for how past, present, and future relate to art, that is a more difficult question to answer. Art history could be included in a broad definition of the past.
If this is so, this class probably covers a lot of art history as well as techniques to work with in your own art. Present could mean just teaching art to the students, or it could mean studying contemporary artists. The future of art can mean pretty much anything at this point.
Vincent Van Gogh’s most famous painting is his painting “The Starry Night”. This is the one that most of us think of when we think of Van Gogh’s work. It’s also the one that has been parodied often. The British television series “Doctor Who” has a parody of this particular painting. Instead of a starry night, it’s the TARDIS exploding.
The painting is also featured when earth loses all the stars in the sky, humorously called “Starless Night”. Other paintings done by Van Gogh aren’t as popular, but his sunflowers are right up there too. The sunflowers are often on display in Paris, and are one of the most iconic yellow paintings. “The Starry Night” is displayed in the Museum of Modern Art at the moment.
Jean Arp was both a painter and a sculptor. He was born on September 16, 1886 and died on June 7, 1966. He was known mainly for his painted sculptures - hence why he can be called both a painter and a sculptor. He spoke both French and German. Depending on what language was speaking, he called himself a different name. In French, he called himself Jean.
If he was speaking German, however, he would call himself Hans. Despite these differences, Arp is mostly known for his sculptures. He has many of them, and one of them is called “Shirt Front and Fork”, made out of wood. Most of his work is housed in Strausburg, Germany now - at the Musee d’art Moderne.
Stone age art is considered to be the first examples of art known to mankind. They’re simple and crudely drawn, but back then, it was considered art. The only time when drawing on the walls was acceptable, huh? Anyway, cave art usually depicts one of two things. The first thing it can depict is handprints.
This could have been done for a variety of reasons, but no one is quite sure what the reason is yet. In fact, scientists may never figure this one out. The second thing they might depict is some kind of a hunt. Often, there are spotted horses or mammoths in these pictures with stick figure hunters chasing and killing the animal. No one is quite sure what these mean either.
Nature typically inspires a landscape painting. Paintings of landscapes often resemble something that the artist has seen. Vincent Van Gogh painted landscapes of Italy - his home country - and more often of his home town. He even painted his bedroom once. When that wasn’t enough for him, he moved to the night sky and painted his famous “Starry Night” picture.
Monet painted the water lillies of Paris, and this is one of his most famous paintings. He also painted poppies, a bridge with a river flowing under it, and many other pieces of scenery that he found near where he lived and when he traveled. Landscapes are some of the oldest paintings around. They have been done as long as we have been fascinated with the places around us.
These three artists painted mainly landscapes. Grant Wood is the painter responsible for the painting titled “American Gothic” - the painting of the old farming couple in front of the farmhouse with the man holding the pitchfork. This is probably his most iconic piece now. He’s even painted a couple of self-portraits. Thomas Hart Benton painted a picture depicting Achilles and Hercules of Ancient Greek culture.
His paintings deal more with city and ancient culture life than the midwestern, like Grant Wood’s did. John Steuart Curry’s paintings deal more with animals and landscapes than they do people and landscapes. However, despite the differences, there are plenty of similarities between the painters. They’re all part of the regionalist art movement, which moved to paint more of what was around painters than anything else.
Proportion is the principle of design that deals with size relationships. The proportion of fruits to grains, for example, is a fraction of three to one. For every three servings of fruit, it’s recommended that you eat one of grains. Eating balanced is a good proportional tool for someone who is unfamiliar with it. In design, however, it means that all the furniture is to the same scale.
If you have a couch that measures seventy feet long when fully put together, it makes sense to have a bit of a blockier end table, or to have a large one with transparent parts, to create a sense of balance. The idea of keeping everything roughly the same size is a monotonous one, however. So designers use it to help create focal points by varying scales on the accessories or the patterns of the fabrics in the room.
Movement is the principle of design that recreates action on the canvas. The main reason this happens is because diagonal lines represent movement to us. When our eyes see something going diagonally, we think it is moving. This is why diagonal lines often lead us to what’s called the vanishing point in the art world.
There are often diagonal lines - whether clearly painted or hidden behind the paint on the canvas - on a painting or in a piece of artwork. The diagonal lines trick our eyes into thinking that something is moving, when it’s actually staying still. This is the secret to many optical illusions that seem to move in and out if you look at it properly, or unfocus your eyes.