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Art Questions and Answers (Q&A)

Pablo Picasso is credited with creating cubism. He’s an artist that lived around the time of 1907. He’s considered to be one of the founding artists, but isn’t the only one credited with the creation of cubism. The other artist considered to be a founder of the painting style is Georges Braque. Cubism is the art form that uses geometric shapes to create the art. Most often, this is a rectangle or a cube, which is why it’s called cubism.

Cubism has inspired other kinds of art as well. These include futurism, dada, suprematism, and constructivism. Common themes in the various art forms are the idea that geometric shapes are the only thing one needs, and the ability to scale anything down to the simple shapes we’re taught as children.

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Elements of art off this list include: color, line, value, size, texture, shape, and form. Color is as basic as it sounds. It means the colors in the piece. If one uses red, one’s probably going to use yellow, or blue, with it - and possibly black and white too. Line refers to the way the lines go. Are they mostly horizontal or vertical? Diagonal, even? Size is probably the most interesting one to work with.

Are things in scale, or is the scale skewed to make a point? These elements are supposed to help the artist keep their painting balanced. With enough of everything - or give and take to make the balance work - there is nothing these elements can’t create with a skilled hand driving them.

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The only ones on this list that aren’t from the paleolithic period are the female head, the Great Pyramids, and Stonehenge. The pyramids were created in the Old Kingdom timeframe in Egypt, and Stonehenge was built around the same time in England. The female head isn’t dated. Everything else is considered to be a cave drawing. Cave drawings typically depict one of two scenes. The first is handprints. This could be for a variety of reasons.

The second is a hunt of some kind - such as “Two Bulls” and “Woman Holding a Bison Horn”. No one is really sure why cave paintings exist. We just know that they exist and that they were important to the people of the time period. Drawing with sticks in the dirt and mud was the only other way to do art back then, but it wasn’t the most permanent way to do so.

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The building that was designed to be the Schlesinger and Mayer Department Store also had many other names such as the Carson Pirie Scott and Company Building, or the more well-known Sullivan Center. This building was built on the busy streets of Chicago in the mid-late 1800’s after Leopold Schlesinger and David Mayer came to America after their migration from Bavaria.

There were many plans for the Sullivan Center to be expounded upon, but those plans changed as the building would be unable to support the extra 11 floors that Schlesinger and Mayer had wanted to add atop the already existing building. The Sullivan Center has become a monument and tourist attraction because of its unique design and elaborate details etched into the building.

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Wash: A watercolor painting technique in which a paint brush is primarily solvent with a small load of paint or ink is applied to a wet or dry canvas. Graded Wash: A change in shade of a wash from dark to light. This method is commonly used when painting skies or landscapes. Lifting Out: Technique used to “pick up” wet color with a sponge, paper towel, or tissue to create texture.

Variegated Wash: Blending a variety of colors in a wat wash so that each color will maintain it’s solidarity but blends with the other colors. Wet on Wet: Technique used when painting a wet color onto a wet surface.
Oil Paint: Type of paint that is the base to the watercolors and allows proper blending and coloring.

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“Red Blue Green” was a painting done by Ellsworth Kelly in 1963. Kelly was known for his style of painting called “hard edge painting” as well as how abstract his work was. The bold red and blue shapes resonate and contrast with the solid green background, making the image give the appearance and feel of vibrations.

While “Red Blue Green” was one of Ellsworth Kelly’s earlier pieces, it served as a bridge to connecting his multi-panel, flat paintings into his more sculptured and layered works. Kelly’s art work has continued to be on the forefront of abstract art and continues to push boundaries.

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Willem De Kooning was a Dutch-American artist who became known for his Abstract expressionism or “action painting” in the post-World War II era. Willem De Kooning was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands on April 24, 1904 and only did a few years of schooling. Kooning left school to become an apprentice in a firm for commercial arts in 1916 at the age of 12.

Another artist known for his method of “action painting” was Jackson Pollock. When Pollock was young, “action painting” was not commonly used or considered true art by many. As Pollock became more developed in his artistry, he adapted action painting as his main method of painting and started a new era in art.

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The saying “a photograph is the yardstick of reality” roughly translates to say that a photograph captures reality. Hundreds of years ago before cameras existed, paintings were the only way that one could capture the beauty of reality other than within their memory. Paintings and other forms of art that capture or mimic reality are said to be realistic and naturalistic, whether it be a portrait of a person, animal, or landscape.

Some artist’s interpretation of reality can sometimes be more abstract and loses the reality of the naturalization. While some artist’s views of reality may be more bold, others may see reality as more simplistic.

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Frida Kahlo was a Mexican painter born July 6, 1907 who was well known for her self-portraits. In her painting titled “Diego y yo”, Frida is shown with her husband Diego’s face painted to her forehead. The depth behind this painting was thought to express her imperfect relationship with her husband and her deep artist angst. While Frida painted self-portraits, her work had stories and deeper meanings behind them that tied to her life experiences.

Frida was an emotional painter and expressed that in her art. In her life, she experienced many traumatizing life events such as an accident that almost ended her life and the miscarriage of her unborn child. Frida Kahlo turned these life experiences into art as her form of self expression.

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The royal Lion Hunt of Ashurbanipal is a piece of art carved into stone that is shown on a famous group of Assyrian palace reliefs. The art shows a ritual hunt by King Ashurbanipal where lions were captured and released into cages where the king would kill them by arrow, spear, or sword.

The Lion Hunt of Ashurbanipal was created around 645-635 BC and was created in sequences that showed the events of the “hunt”. The killing of a lion by a king was viewed as a sign of power and royalty amongst the citizens in the town and became a ritual done frequently by the reigning king.

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