Allergic Questions and Answers (Q&A)

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Epi 1:1,000 0.01 mg/kg IM for a max single dose of 0.5 mg; may repeat every 5 mintutes for a total of 3 doses. Additional does require medical consultation.
Initiate IV LR fluid therapy 20 mL/kg; titrate to a systolic pressure of 100.
Diphenhydramine 50 mg slow IV/IM; Pediatrics 1 mg/kg...
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1 Answer

Drug of choice, along with sympathomimetics, for treating allergic rhinitis
Has high efficacy and wide margin of safety
Must be administered 2-3 weeks prior to allergen exposure
Causes mild vasoconstriction
Alternative therapy is with mast cell stabilizers

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1 Answer

Is a histamine (H1) receptor blocker (2nd generation)
Reduces severity of nasal congestion, sneezing, tearing of eyes
Has less drowsiness than 1st generations
Headache and upset stomach are adverse effects


1 Answer

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