World War II 5/29/11 Finial Test Practice

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World War II Quizzes & Trivia
World War II &nb sp; &n bsp; & nbsp; 5/29/11 &nbs p; &nb sp; Finial Test Practice

  
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  • 1. 
    The causes of the Great Depression included:  
    • A. 

      Agricultural overproduction.

    • B. 

      Unequal distribution of wealth.

    • C. 

      Overextension of credit.

    • D. 

      Barriers to foreign trade.

    • E. 

      All the above.


  • 2. 
    In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt campaigned on the promise that as president he would attack the Great Depression by:  
    • A. 

      Nationalizing all banks and major industries.

    • B. 

      Experimenting with bold new programs for economic and social reform.

    • C. 

      Returning to the traditional policies of laissez-faire capitalism.

    • D. 

      Continuing the policies already undertaken by President Hoover.


  • 3. 
    The most pressing problem facing Franklin Roosevelt when he became president was:  
    • A. 

      A chaotic banking situation.

    • B. 

      The national debt.

    • C. 

      The need to silence demagogic rabble-rousers such as Huey Long.

    • D. 

      Unemployment.


  • 4. 
    All of the following contributed to the Dust Bowl of the 1930s except:  
    • A. 

      Dry-farming techniques.

    • B. 

      Drought.

    • C. 

      Farmers’ failure to use steam tractors and other modern equipment.

    • D. 

      Wind.


  • 5. 
    President Roosevelt’s “Court-packing” scheme in 1937 reflected his desire to make the Supreme Court:  
    • A. 

      More conservative.

    • B. 

      More independent of Congress

    • C. 

      More sympathetic to New Deal programs.

    • D. 

      Less burdened with appellate cases.


  • 6. 
    Throughout most of the 1930s, the American people responded to the aggressive actions of Germany, Italy, and Japan by:  
    • A. 

      Assisting their victims with military aid.

    • B. 

      Giving only economic help to the targets of aggression.

    • C. 

      Demanding an oil embargo on all warring nations.

    • D. 

      Retreating further into isolationism.


  • 7. 
    Fascist aggression in the 1930s included Mussolini’s invasion of ______, Hitler’s invasion of ______, and Franco’s overthrow of the republican government of ______.  
    • A. 

      Ethiopia; Czechoslovakia; Spain.

    • B. 

      Sardinia; Italy; Austria.

    • C. 

      Egypt; France; Poland.

    • D. 

      Belgium; the Soviet Union; France.


  • 8. 
    Shortly after Adolf Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union:  
    • A. 

      Italy signed a similar agreement with the Soviets.

    • B. 

      Britain and France signed a similar agreement.

    • C. 

      The Soviets attacked China.

    • D. 

      Germany invaded Poland and started World War II.


  • 9. 
    Who was Dictator of Soviet Union 1925-1953 ?   Whose aggression included Soviet take-over of Estonia , Latvia, Lithuania, Finland 
    • A. 

      Mussolini

    • B. 

      Adolf Hitler

    • C. 

      Joseph Stalin


  • 10. 
    What government\economic system is associated with the Soviet Union and Stalin ?  
    • A. 

      Communism

    • B. 

      Democracy

    • C. 

      Republic


  • 11. 
    Who was the dictator of Italy? Whose fascist aggression in the 1930s included invasion of Ethiopia 
    • A. 

      Joseph Stalin

    • B. 

      Adolf Hitler

    • C. 

      Benito Mussolini


  • 12. 
    Who was the fascist dictator of Spain who comes to power after leading rebels  to overthrow the republican form of government of Spain? ( who was supported by Hitler and Mussolini ) Whose rise to power as a fascist dictator was aided by America’s neutrality during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 
    • A. 

      Francisco Franco

    • B. 

      Joseph Stalin

    • C. 

      Benito Mussolini


  • 13. 
    Who was the fascist dictator  whose aggression in the 1930s included invasion of Czechoslovakia ? 
    • A. 

      Benito Mussolini

    • B. 

      Adolf Hitler

    • C. 

      Joseph Stalin


  • 14. 
    What was another name for Hitler’s Nazi party ?  
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Nazism

    • C. 

      Republic


  • 15. 
    During the Depression, people who lived in the industrial Northeast and Midwest experienced
    • A. 

      Unemployment rates considerably lower than in rural areas

    • B. 

      No problems affording food for themselves and their families

    • C. 

      The collapse of city and state relief systems

    • D. 

      An influx of “Okies” who took jobs from professional workers

    • E. 

      An increase in private charity sufficient to meet their needs


  • 16. 
    The collapse of the international credit structure in the early 1930s was fostered by the U.S. policy of
    • A. 

      Granting a moratorium on European war debts

    • B. 

      Refusing to repay loans to Germany and Austria

    • C. 

      Lowering tariffs on European goods entering the United States

    • D. 

      Subsidizing the German economy with large payments

    • E. 

      )loaning less money to foreign countries


  • 17. 
    The closing of over 9000 American banks between 1930 and 1933 resulted in  
    • A. 

      A decrease in the money supply

    • B. 

      An increase in the price level

    • C. 

      A decrease in unemployment

    • D. 

      An increase in purchasing power

    • E. 

      A decrease in interest rates


  • 18. 
    According to a crude estimate, the unemployment rate in 1932 at the height of the Depression was
    • A. 

      15 percent

    • B. 

      20 percent

    • C. 

      25 percent

    • D. 

      30 percent

    • E. 

      40 percent


  • 19. 
     During the Depression, people who lived in the industrial Northeast and Midwest experienced  
    • A. 

      Unemployment rates considerably lower than in rural areas

    • B. 

      No problems affording food for themselves and their families

    • C. 

      The collapse of city and state relief systems

    • D. 

      An influx of “Okies” who took jobs from professional workers

    • E. 

      An increase in private charity sufficient to meet their needs


  • 20. 
    Between 1929 and 1932, farmers in the Dust Bowl of the South and Midwest experienced all of the following problems except
    • A. 

      A decline in rainfall

    • B. 

      Overproduction in agriculture

    • C. 

      Losses of land to foreclosures

    • D. 

      Rapidly rising prices


  • 21. 
    During the Depression, black Americans suffered special hardships, which were caused by  
    • A. 

      Unemployed whites seeking positions formerly held by blacks

    • B. 

      The sharecropping system becoming unprofitable

    • C. 

      Blacks not receiving their fair share of relief benefits

    • D. 

      Continuing racial prejudice in the nation

    • E. 

      All of the answers below


  • 22. 
      In the Scottsboro case of the 1930s, all of the following events occurred except 
    • A. 

      The youths eventually were acquitted by one of the juries that heard the case

    • B. 

      Eight young blacks were sentenced to death

    • C. 

      An organization associated with the Communist party came to the aid of the youths

    • D. 

      All of the youths eventually gained their freedom

    • E. 

      The Supreme Court overturned the original convictions


  • 23. 
    During the Depression, the cause of equal rights for blacks was advanced when  
    • A. 

      Blacks were permitted to share public accommodations with whites

    • B. 

      Many blacks were allowed to join labor unions

    • C. 

      The Supreme Court ruled that separate educational facilities were unequal

    • D. 

      Congress became more sensitive to the plight of minorities

    • E. 

      A voting rights act ensured the right to vote in the South


  • 24. 
    Although blacks and Hispanics suffered similar hardships during the Depression, the Hispanics encountered the additional problem of
    • A. 

      Receiving less relief than whites

    • B. 

      Suffering social discrimination

    • C. 

      Having little access to public schools and hospitals

    • D. 

      Being the last hired and first fired

    • E. 

      Unequal allocation of New Deal funds


  • 25. 
       One of the goals of the Japanese-Americans Citizen League was to  
    • A. 

      Seek college loans for high-achieving Nisei

    • B. 

      Form a union for Japanese-American railway workers

    • C. 

      Encourage Nisei to become more assimilated to American culture

    • D. 

      Protest government favoritism toward African-Americans

    • E. 

      Support a Nisei candidate for governor of California


  • 26. 
    All of the following statements about women in the Depression are true except
    • A. 

      A higher percentage of women were working by the end of the Depression

    • B. 

      There was a general belief that women should not work if their husbands had jobs

    • C. 

      Black women in the South experienced massive unemployment due to a great reduction in domestic service jobs

    • D. 

      Unemployment for women who were sales clerks and stenographers was generally lower than it was for male industrial workers

    • E. 

      Women experienced a significant increase in gaining opportunities for jobs in professional fields of work


  • 27. 
    During the Depression, women in the workforce experienced a change in their situation, in that  
    • A. 

      More women were entering the professions

    • B. 

      30 percent more women were working

    • C. 

      Men were taking over traditional nonprofessional women’s jobs

    • D. 

      The National Woman’s party served as women’s labor union

    • E. 

      The percentage of black women who worked dropped below that of whites


  • 28. 
    By the end of the 1930s, the American feminist movement had
    • A. 

      Made significant gains in obtaining equal rights legislation

    • B. 

      Gained support from the idea that women should be economically and professionally independent

    • C. 

      Achieved some success in obtaining “protective” legislation

    • D. 

      Managed to gain the election of three women to the U.S. Senate

    • E. 

      Reached its lowest point in nearly a century


  • 29. 
     In response to the Depression, American social values
    • A. 

      Became radical in nature

    • B. 

      Suffered from the extreme economic deprivations

    • C. 

      Began to reflect radical socialism

    • D. 

      Seemed to change relatively little

    • E. 

      Began, once again, to reflect the Victorian Age


  • 30. 
    A sociological study of Muncie, Indiana, in the mid-1930s found that
    • A. 

      The independence of many Americans had been undermined by the availability of federal relief

    • B. 

      Americans still remained committed to the traditional value of individualism

    • C. 

      Americans believed that conformity to the old standards of society was no longer effective in achieving success

    • D. 

      Most Americans were so distressed by the failure of the democratic process that they were willing to listen to leftist propaganda

    • E. 

      Individualism had been replaced by dependence on “economic royalists”


  • 31. 
    During the Depression, many Americans reacted by  
    • A. 

      All of the answers below

    • B. 

      Accusing corporate moguls and international bankers of causing much of the distress

    • C. 

      Blaming themselves for their economic difficulties

    • D. 

      )looking to the government for assistance in a situation that was essentially society’s problem

    • E. 

      Showing shame over their inability to find work


  • 32. 
    Why did many Americans view WWII as a positive experience? 
    • A. 

      Because it ended the Fascism. .

    • B. 

      Because it started the Great Depression.

    • C. 

      Because it ended the Great Depression.


  • 33. 
    In 1936, what was the American public opinion on war? 
    • A. 

      Public opinion was against war.

    • B. 

      Public opinion was for war.

    • C. 

      Public opinion was they didn't know there was a war.


  • 34. 
    What and when was the first act of aggression in WW2 
    • A. 

      In 1937 they sunk an American boat while invading China. Japan apologized and paid over $2 milllion in damages

    • B. 

      Germany and Japan signed it in 1936. It was a precursor to their future military alliance.

    • C. 

      The Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931, and a full-scale occupation of China in 1937.


  • 35. 
    What movement began to emerge in Europe in the 1920s? 
    • A. 

      Nazism

    • B. 

      Fascism

    • C. 

      Democracy


  • 36. 
    How did the League of Nations respond to Japanese aggression, and what was the effect of this response? 
    • A. 

      The League of Nations was infavor of Japan's aggression, and did't try to stop it. Japan stayed in the league.

    • B. 

      The League of Nations condemned Japan's aggression, but was unable to stop it. Japan withdrew from the league.

    • C. 

      The League of Nations supported free trade, national self-determination, and collective security.Japan stayed in the league.


  • 37. 
    What aggressive action did Italy take during the 1930s, and during which years? 
    • A. 

      Italy invaded America in 1935 and completely dominated America by 1936.

    • B. 

      Italy invaded France in 1935 and completely dominated France by 1936.

    • C. 

      Italy invaded Ethiopia in 1935 and completely dominated Ethiopia by 1936.


  • 38. 
    How did the League of Nations respond to Italian aggression in the 1930s, and what was the effect of this response? 
    • A. 

      The League of Nations fought with the invasion and imposed sanctions. These actions had medium effect.

    • B. 

      The League of Nations went along with the invasion and didn't imposed sanctions. These actions had a effect.

    • C. 

      The League of Nations condemned the invasion and imposed sanctions. These actions had little effect.


  • 39. 
    In what year did Hitler become chancellor of Germany? 
    • A. 

      1933

    • B. 

      1943

    • C. 

      1953


  • 40. 
    What goal did Hitler have for Germany? 
    • A. 

      He wanted to overturn territorial settlements of the Versailles treaty, restore all European Germans to a single greater German fatherland, and annex large areas of Eastern Europe.

    • B. 

      He wanted to keep the territorial settlements of the Versailles treaty, restore all European Germans to a single greater German fatherland, and annex large areas of Western Europe.

    • C. 

      He wanted to overturn territorial settlements of the Italy treaty, restore all American Germans to a single greater Soviet fatherland, and annex large areas of Southern Europe.


  • 41. 
    What was the appeasement policy? 
    • A. 

      France and Britain took some action against German aggression in order to avoid war.

    • B. 

      France and Britain took great action against German aggression in order to avoid war.

    • C. 

      France and Britain took no action against German aggression in order to avoid war.


  • 42. 
    When did WWII begin? 
    • A. 

      April 1, 1945

    • B. 

      September 1, 1939

    • C. 

      December 5, 1940


  • 43. 
    What was the United States' immediate response to the outbreak of WWII? 
    • A. 

      Two days after the war started, the United States officially declared its neutrality.

    • B. 

      Three days after the war started, the United States officially declared its neutrality.

    • C. 

      One day after the war started, the United States officially declared its neutrality.


  • 44. 
    When was the attack on Pearl Harbor? 
    • A. 

      January 9, 1939

    • B. 

      December 7, 1941

    • C. 

      February 6, 1929


  • 45. 
    What was the American response to the attack on Pearl Harbor ?
    • A. 

      Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war on Japan, which was voted for unanimously by the Senate and with only one dissenter in the House.

    • B. 

      Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war on Germany, which was voted for unanimously by the Senate and with only one dissenter in the House.

    • C. 

      Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war on France, which was voted for unanimously by the Senate and with only one dissenter in the House.


  • 46. 
    How did the U.S. military treat black soldiers? 
    • A. 

      Black soldiers were given higher wages and were assigned to menial duties.

    • B. 

      Black soldiers were not in segregated units and were assigned to important duties.

    • C. 

      Black soldiers were in segregated units and were assigned to menial duties.


  • 47. 
    How were female wartime workers treated? 
    • A. 

      They were considered full time, they were offered daycare or flexible hours to take care of their children, and they were paid much greater than men were.

    • B. 

      They were considered temporary, they were not offered daycare or flexible hours to take care of their children, and they were paid much less than men were.

    • C. 

      They were considered temporary, they were not offered daycare or non-flexible hours to take care of their children, and they were paid much less than children.


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