World History Unit 1 Exam

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 World History Unit 1 Exam
Unit 1 Exam for World History Honors class-- Mesopotamia and Egypt

  
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  • 1. 
    The creation of agricultural surpluses resulted in:
    • A. 

      An industrial revolution

    • B. 

      Social stratification

    • C. 

      A lack of social stratification

    • D. 

      Matrilocal patterns of marriage


  • 2. 
    The agricultural revolution allowed which of the following transformations in human culture to take place?
    • A. 

      Domestication of animals

    • B. 

      Spread of regularly cultivated fields

    • C. 

      Development of towns

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 3. 
    The transformation associated with the agrarian revolution occured:
    • A. 

      Only in Africa, the area where humans first developed

    • B. 

      Only in the Eastern hemisphere

    • C. 

      In all of the world where civilizations emerged

    • D. 

      Only in the Middle East, the area where agriculture was first initiated


  • 4. 
    The reason that civilization appeared at an early date in the Middle East was that:
    • A. 

      Settled agriculture, dependent on organized irrigation systems, had emerged there

    • B. 

      There were no hunting and gathering societies in the region

    • C. 

      There was a higher concentration of humans in this region than anywhere else

    • D. 

      It was the only region in the world to develop sedentary agriculture


  • 5. 
    A pivotal event in early Egyptian history was:
    • A. 

      The freeing of all slaves under King Gilgamesh

    • B. 

      The unification of all Egypt under a king thought to be King Narmer

    • C. 

      The creation of a democracy by Queen Hatshepsut

    • D. 

      The assassination of Ramses


  • 6. 
    Which statement is true concerning Hammurabi's Law Code?
    • A. 

      Men and women faced the same punishments for committing the same crimes

    • B. 

      Religious or magical beliefs do not play a role in the Code

    • C. 

      Everyone was equal before the law

    • D. 

      Punishments were often harsh


  • 7. 
    Which of the following is NOT a drawback to civilization?
    • A. 

      Stricter social stratification into classes or castes

    • B. 

      Decreased wealth and food surpluses

    • C. 

      Grater inequality between men and women

    • D. 

      Aggressive behavior and warfare


  • 8. 
    The political unity of all of Mesopotamia was first achieved in 1800 BCE by the:
    • A. 

      Sumerians

    • B. 

      Hittites

    • C. 

      Babylonians

    • D. 

      Assyrians


  • 9. 
    Which of the following was characteristic of the power of the pharaoh in Egyptian civilization?
    • A. 

      The ruler had authority limited to his own city-state

    • B. 

      The pharaoh 's authority was limited by independent regional governors

    • C. 

      He was regarded as a god with power to assure prosperity and control the Nile

    • D. 

      The pharaoh' s power was truncated by the lack of a formal bureaucracy


  • 10. 
    Which of the following was NOT characteristic of Egyptian religious belief concerning death?
    • A. 

      Construction of massive funeral monuments

    • B. 

      Mummification

    • C. 

      Death rituals that consigned most members of society to endless darkness

    • D. 

      Death rituals that extended organization to the afterlife


  • 11. 
    Why did sexual inequality exist in so many societies?
    • A. 

      There were no female rulers in ancient societies

    • B. 

      The status of women reflected the value of their labor in agricultural society

    • C. 

      No societies continued to practice matrilinear descent and inheritance

    • D. 

      Women had no religious roles


  • 12. 
    The most significant contribution of the early Jewish state to Western civilization was:
    • A. 

      Its emphasis on divine kingship

    • B. 

      Its use of elaborate rituals concerning death

    • C. 

      Its sense of a divine plan

    • D. 

      The development of a strong monotheistic religion


  • 13. 
    Which of the following statements best expressed of the most distinctive similarities of Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations?
    • A. 

      Both featured strong regional governments at the expense of city states

    • B. 

      Both were strongly stratified with distinctive classes of nobles,priests,peasants,and slaves

    • C. 

      Both had religions that featured emphasis on preparation for and rituals relating to the afterlife

    • D. 

      Neither culture was able to achieve advances in science or technology


  • 14. 
    The culture that developed in Egypt (especially in the Old Kingdom) was unique largely because of:
    • A. 

      Egypt's early and constant interaction with other civilizations

    • B. 

      Egypt's large population

    • C. 

      Egyptian dominance in metal working

    • D. 

      Egypt's natural isolation and essential self-sufficiency


  • 15. 
    Our ability to read ancient Egyptian writing is due to:
    • A. 

      The work of modern computer programs

    • B. 

      The unearthing of Tutankhamen's tomb

    • C. 

      The discovery of the Rosetta Stone

    • D. 

      The fact that Egyptians today can still read it


  • 16. 
    Put the following in order: cities, specialization, agriculture, surplus

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