U.S. Government - Chapter 1 & 2 Quiz

40 Questions  I  By Alegrej8
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  • 1. 
    What is the difference between "Politics" and "Government"?
    • A. 

      Government is the process; Politics is the implementations of that processs

    • B. 

      Government is the institution; Politics is the process

    • C. 

      Government is a building; Politics is a field of study

    • D. 

      Government is the institution; Politics refers to the debates within the institution


  • 2. 
    Things government decides to do such as implementing taxes, defense, education, etc are:
    • A. 

      Laws

    • B. 

      Forms of welfare

    • C. 

      Public policies

    • D. 

      Wastes of money


  • 3. 
    There are three kinds of power: Legislative, Executive and Judicial. Legislative power/branch is mainly responsible for what?
    • A. 

      Making the law

    • B. 

      Executing and enforcing the law

    • C. 

      Interpreting the law

    • D. 

      Publicizing the law to the citizens


  • 4. 
    There are three kinds of power: Legislative, Executive and Judicial. Executive power/branch is mainly responsible for what?
    • A. 

      Making the law

    • B. 

      Executing and enforcing the law

    • C. 

      Interpreting the law

    • D. 

      Publicizing the law to the citizens


  • 5. 
    There are three kinds of power: Legislative, Executive and Judicial. Judicial power/branch is mainly responsible for what?
    • A. 

      Making the law

    • B. 

      Executing and enforcing the law

    • C. 

      Interpreting the law

    • D. 

      Publicizing the law to the citizens


  • 6. 
    Which of the following types of government leaves the responsibility to exercise power on ony one person or a very few about of self elected people?
    • A. 

      Democracy

    • B. 

      Anarchy

    • C. 

      Dictatorship

    • D. 

      Indirect Democracy


  • 7. 
    A body of people, lving in a defined territory, organized politically and with power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority is called:
    • A. 

      A race

    • B. 

      A country

    • C. 

      A nation

    • D. 

      A state


  • 8. 
    Thomas Hobbes said certain things were necessary to avoid "war of every man against every man," and Aristotle explained that "man is by nature a political animal." What were they referring to? What kind of government is this essential to and why?

  • 9. 
    The theory that refers to the origins of the government to have been a small group that simply took control is called:
    • A. 

      Social Contract Theory

    • B. 

      Divine Right Theory

    • C. 

      Evolutionary Theory

    • D. 

      Force Theory


  • 10. 
    The theory that refers to the origins of the government to have been a God-given right to rule, a theory particularly popular during the 15th through 18th centuries, is called
    • A. 

      Social Contract Theory

    • B. 

      Divine Right Theory

    • C. 

      Evolutionary Theory

    • D. 

      Force Theory


  • 11. 
    The theory that refers to the origins of the government to have slowly developed from the early, traditional family structure, with a head of the household is called
    • A. 

      Social Contract Theory

    • B. 

      Divine Right Theory

    • C. 

      Evolutionary Theory

    • D. 

      Force Theory


  • 12. 
    The theory that refers to the origins of the government to have evolved from Locke, Hobbes and Rousseau's beliefs that you must give up some individual power to promote order is called:
    • A. 

      Social Contract Theory

    • B. 

      Divine Right Theory

    • C. 

      Evolutionary Theory

    • D. 

      Force Theory


  • 13. 
    Which of the following is NOT a purpose of government outlined in the Preamble?
    • A. 

      More Perfect Union

    • B. 

      Absolute Liberty

    • C. 

      Establish Justice

    • D. 

      General Welfare


  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT a way of classifying government?
    • A. 

      Relationship between legislative and judicial branches

    • B. 

      Who can participate

    • C. 

      Geographical distribution of governmental power with the state

    • D. 

      Relationship between legislative and executive branches


  • 15. 
    WHich of the following is not a type of dictatorship?
    • A. 

      Oligarchy

    • B. 

      Autocracy

    • C. 

      Totalitarian

    • D. 

      Anarchy


  • 16. 
    Explain the difference between unitary, federal and confederate forms of government. Give an example of each if possible (for sure you should be able to give me an example of two of them)

  • 17. 
    The American principle of democracy rests of five basic principles. Which of the five principles refers to having the same opportunities, rights, and obligations under the law?
    • A. 

      Fundamental worth of the individual

    • B. 

      Respect for equality of all persons

    • C. 

      Majority rule, minority rights

    • D. 

      Necessity of Compromise

    • E. 

      Insistence of individual freedom


  • 18. 
    The American principle of democracy rests of five basic principles. Which of the five principles refers to bending and adjusting competing views to find a position acceptable to the greatest amount of people?
    • A. 

      Fundamental worth of the individual

    • B. 

      Respect for equality of all persons

    • C. 

      Majority rule, minority rights

    • D. 

      Necessity of Compromise

    • E. 

      Insistence of individual freedom


  • 19. 
    The American principle of democracy rests of five basic principles. Which of the five principles refers to the balance of liberty and authority?
    • A. 

      Fundamental worth of the individual

    • B. 

      Respect for equality of all persons

    • C. 

      Majority rule, minority rights

    • D. 

      Necessity of Compromise

    • E. 

      Insistence of individual freedom


  • 20. 
    Which illustrates the law of supply and demand?
    • A. 

      Decrease in Supply + Decrease in Demand = Increase in Prices

    • B. 

      Decrease in Supply + Increase in Demand = Increase in Prices

    • C. 

      Increase in Supply + Decrease in Demand = Increase in Prices

    • D. 

      Increase in Supply + Increase in Demand = Increase in Prices


  • 21. 
    In a free-enterprise economic system, also know as a capitalist system, the government has how much control?
    • A. 

      None

    • B. 

      Little

    • C. 

      Plenty

    • D. 

      All


  • 22. 
    Our political beginnings were adapted from
    • A. 

      England

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      The United Kingdom

    • D. 

      The Spanish Conquistadors


  • 23. 
    Which of the following English Documents challenged the idea of the divine right of kings, declaring that even a monarch must obey the law of the land?
    • A. 

      Magna Carta

    • B. 

      English Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      The Petition of Right

    • D. 

      The Declaration of Rights and Grievances


  • 24. 
    Which of the following English Documents introduced the idea that the power of the monarchy was not absolute, hence the concept of limited government?
    • A. 

      Magna Carta

    • B. 

      English Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      The Petition of Right

    • D. 

      The Declaration of Rights and Grievances


  • 25. 
    Although al lthe colonies had different characteristics, what similarities did they share?
    • A. 

      They were all central commercial vendors

    • B. 

      They were all different religious settlements

    • C. 

      They were all proprietary

    • D. 

      They were all created from charter grants


  • 26. 
    Which is NOT one of the types of English Colonies?
    • A. 

      Royal

    • B. 

      Grant

    • C. 

      Proprietary

    • D. 

      Charter


  • 27. 
    Wha kind of relationship that the England have with the 13 colonies?
    • A. 

      Federal

    • B. 

      Unitary

    • C. 

      Confederate

    • D. 

      Direct


  • 28. 
    Explain "No taxation without representation"

  • 29. 
    In 1754, Benjamin Franklin proposed an annual conference of delegates for the 13 colonies to discussthe problema of colonial trade and the danger of attacks by the French and their Native American allies. What was this called?
    • A. 

      Virginia Plan

    • B. 

      Stamp Act

    • C. 

      Albany Plan

    • D. 

      Continental Congress


  • 30. 
    Which was the first formal oppostition against the British government?
    • A. 

      Declaration of Rights and Grievances

    • B. 

      Declaration of Independence

    • C. 

      Magna Carta

    • D. 

      Boston Massacre


  • 31. 
    Which derved as the first government of the United States and alsted five years?
    • A. 

      First Continental Congress

    • B. 

      Second Continental Congress

    • C. 

      Constitutional Convention

    • D. 

      Articles of Confederation


  • 32. 
    Richard Lee offered a resolution saying the colonies should be free and independent states. Going forth with this resolution, Franklin, Adams, Sherman, Livingston and Jefferson prepared a proclamation speaking of the "repeated injuries and ursurpations" that led the colonists to revolt. What was this document called?
    • A. 

      Declaration of Independence

    • B. 

      Articles of Confederations

    • C. 

      Declarations of Rights and Grievances

    • D. 

      Bill of Rights


  • 33. 
    What are 3 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? Why were they considered weaknesses?

  • 34. 
    When was "the Critical Period"
    • A. 

      1760s

    • B. 

      1770s

    • C. 

      1780s

    • D. 

      1790s


  • 35. 
    Despite their disputes regarding trade issues, which two states met at Mount Vernon (hence initiating the movement toward a federal plan for regulating commerce)?
    • A. 

      Massachusetts and Vermont

    • B. 

      Vermont and Maryland

    • C. 

      Virginia and Massachusetts

    • D. 

      Maryland and Virginia


  • 36. 
    Mount Vernon led to a joint meeting in Annapolis and later one in Philidelphia in which seven of the States had named delegates (later to be known as the framers). In this meeting the Articles of Confederation were revised  and alterations were made with the intentions of preserving the Union. This meeting became known as:
    • A. 

      The Constitutional Convention

    • B. 

      The First Continental Congress

    • C. 

      The Second Continental Congress

    • D. 

      The Connecticut Compromise


  • 37. 
    Which meeting called for a new government with three seperate but equal branches?
    • A. 

      The New Jersey Plan

    • B. 

      The Albany Plan

    • C. 

      The Connecticut Compromise

    • D. 

      The Virginia Plan


  • 38. 
    Which meeting agreed that COngress should be composed pf two houses in which the Senate would represent all states equally and the House qould be based on population?
    • A. 

      The New Jersey Plan

    • B. 

      The Albany Plan

    • C. 

      The Connecticut Compromise

    • D. 

      The Virginia Plan


  • 39. 
    The Federalists
    • A. 

      Favored the ratification of the Constitution

    • B. 

      Opposed the ratification of the Constitution

    • C. 

      Favored the federal government and felt it did not need any further changes

    • D. 

      Opposed the federal government and felt it did not need any further changes


  • 40. 
    Explain the three-fifths compromise and its importance.

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