Urinary System Test

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 Urinary System Test
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Questions and Answers

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  • 1. 
    Which part of the kidney is responsible for urine production?
    • A. 

      Ureters

    • B. 

      Pelvis

    • C. 

      Nephrons

    • D. 

      Capsule


  • 2. 
    What term is used to describe the fluid in the renal tubules?
    • A. 

      Filtrate

    • B. 

      Solvent

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Urine


  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT a function of the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Fluid and electrolyte balance

    • B. 

      Maintenance of pH balance

    • C. 

      Regulation of blood pressure

    • D. 

      Production of adrenaline


  • 4. 
    What is the name of the cup-like structure surrounding the glomerulus?
    • A. 

      Distal convoluted tubule

    • B. 

      Glomerular (or Bowman's) capsule

    • C. 

      Renal capsule

    • D. 

      Glomerular membrane


  • 5. 
    The processes responsible for urine production that take place in the nephron are
    • A. 

      Secretion and digestion

    • B. 

      Reabsorption and selection

    • C. 

      Ultrafiltration and selective reabsorption

    • D. 

      Filtration and peristalsis


  • 6. 
    Where in the renal tubule does ultrafiltration take place?
    • A. 

      Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Loop of Henle

    • D. 

      Distal convoluted tubule


  • 7. 
    Where in the renal tubule does the reabsorption of most substances take place?
    • A. 

      Glomerular (Bowman's) capsule

    • B. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

    • C. 

      Loop of Henle

    • D. 

      Distal convoluted tubule


  • 8. 
    What is the name of teh blood vessels that bring blood into the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Hepatic arteries

    • B. 

      Renal arteries

    • C. 

      Pulmonary arteries

    • D. 

      Carotid arteries


  • 9. 
    Which of the following substances are all found in the urine of a healthy person?
    • A. 

      Water, salt, toxins, erythrocytes

    • B. 

      Water, urea, proteins, uric acid

    • C. 

      Urea, uric acid, inorganic ions

    • D. 

      Urea, uric acid, glucose, inorganic ions


  • 10. 
    Which of the following horomones all play a part in regulating reabsorption in the renal tubules?
    • A. 

      ADH, aldosterone, calcitonin

    • B. 

      ADH, ACTH, aldosterone

    • C. 

      ADH, somatotropin, thyroxine

    • D. 

      ACTH, aldosterone, androgens


  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT an electrolyte?
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Melatonin

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Sodium


  • 12. 
    A diuretic is a substance which
    • A. 

      Stimulates an increase in urine production

    • B. 

      Stimulates a decrease in urine production

    • C. 

      Reduces the amount of water in the urine

    • D. 

      Increases the amount of salt in the urine


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