Urinary & Respiratory System (continued)

46 Questions  I  By Rocio1
A&P 2 urinary and respiratory (continued)

  
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1.  Which of the choices below is not a method by which the cells of the renal tubules can raise blood ph?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  In the ascending limb of the loop of henle the
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  Select the correct statement about urinary system development
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Which of the choices below does not describe the importance of tubular secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  Which statement is correct?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  What is the function of the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Which of the choices below is the salt level monitoring part of the nephron?
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the hormones below is responsible for facultative water reabsorption?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Which of the choices below is not a glomerular filtration rate control method?
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the choices below are the most important hormone regulators of electrolyte reabsorption and secretion?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which cells of the kidney are chemoreceptors that respond to changes in solute content of the filtrate?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  The bodys water volume is closely tied to the level of which of the following ions?
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  The term hypotonic hydration refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Hypoproteinemia is a condition of unusually low levels of plasma proteins.  This problem is often characterized by
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which of the following hormones is important in the regulation of sodium ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Atrial natriuretic peptide is a hormone that is made in the atria of the heart.  The influence of this hormone is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Respiratory acidosis can occur when
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following two organs function as the most important physiological buffer systems?
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Which of the choices below is not an essential role of salts in the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Which of the choices below exerts primary control over sodium levels in the body?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The fluid link between the external and internal environment is
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Newborn infants have a relatively higher  ___________ content in their EFC tha do adults
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Whereas sodium is found mainly in the extracellular fluid, most  _____________ is found in the intracellular fluid.
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the following describes the distribution of sodium and postassium between cells and body fluids?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Problems with fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance are particularly common in infants because of their
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The single most important factor influencing potassium ion secretion is
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  The term alkaline reserve is used to describe the ________ buffer system
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  A falling blood pH and a rising partial pressure of carbon dioxide due to pneumonia or emphysema indicates
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  The movement of fluids between cellular compartments
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  What hormone reduces blood pressure and blood volume by inhibiting nearly all events that promote vasoconstriction and sodium ion and water retention?
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Which of the following is not a method for regulating the hydrogen ion concentration in blood?
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  Which of the following is not a chemical buffer system?
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Extracellular fluid in the human body is composed of all of the following except
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Which of the following statements is true regarding the fluid shifts?
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Which of the following hormones is important in stimulating water conservation in the kidneys?
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The maintenenace of the proper pH of the body fluids may be the result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Which of the following is not a disorder of water balance?
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  The regulation of sodium
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  Select the correct statement about renal mechanisms of acid-base balance
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Blood analysis indicates a low pH, and hte patient is breathing rapidly.  Given your knowledge of acid-base balance, which of the following is most likely?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  A patient is breathing slowly and blood pH analysis indicates an abnormally high value. What is likely the diagnosis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  One of the major physilogical factors that triggers thirst is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Annie has just eaten a large order of heavily salted french fries, some pickled eggs, and some cheese.  How will consuming this much salt affect her physiology?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  The most important force causing net water flow across capillary walls is
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Which of the following does not depend on the presence of electrolytes?
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The regulation of potassium balance
A.
B.
C.
D.
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