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Unit 7 History Quiz

75 Questions  I  By Melissakae731
History Quizzes & Trivia

  
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1.  Which of the following statements about desegregation efforts in the early 1950s is true?
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B.
C.
D.
2.  Who was the chief justice of the Supreme Court that used the courts to help define and extend civil rights for African Americans?
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B.
C.
D.
3.  Before joining the N.A.A.C.P., Rosa Parks had been a member of the Central High School board, working for desegregation of the public schools.
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B.
4.  On what date did the fight for equal access to public services begin in Montgomery, Alabama?
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B.
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D.
5.  Why did the 1957 board of the all-white Central High School choose to enroll nine African American students?
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D.
6.  The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was an organization designed to protect white Americans from African Americans who were fighting for their civil rights.
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B.
7.  What was Rosa Parks' major contribution to the civil rights movement in 1955?
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B.
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D.
8.  What does segregate mean?
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9.  During the 1950s, Earl Warren led the N.A.A.C.P.'s legal defense fund in pursuit of justice and civil rights for African Americans.
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B.
10.  Besides the incident with Ms. Parks, what underlying cause led to the Montgomery, Alabama, boycotts in 1955?
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11.  Who was the President of the United States when Governor Orval E. Faubus tried to prevent the admission of the Little Rock 9 into Central High School?
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D.
12.  Thurgood Marshall was responsible for eliminating Jim Crow laws, which extended civil rights to African Americans.
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B.
13.  One of the most significant changes in Dr. King's approach to desegregation came in Birmingham, Alabama, when he chose to focus on a single specific goal.
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B.
14.  Who believed that the only way for African Americans to get real equality was through changing laws that would be binding on the white establishment?
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D.
15.  Who became known as an important figure of the civil rights movement, gaining notoriety because of the successful boycott in Montgomery, Alabama?
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D.
16.  What was the estimated number of students that participated in the student movement of 1960?
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B.
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D.
17.  Which of the following was a significant outcome of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom?
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B.
C.
D.
18.  Which of the following did NOT contribute to Presidnt Kennedy's unsuccessful efforts to register African American in the south?
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D.
19.  Which president held the most influence in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
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D.
20.  Which individual planned both a 1941 and 1962 march on Washington?
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21.  President John F. Kennedy took an active role in passing the first civil rights act in the U.S.
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B.
22.  The student movement began with students from which college?
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B.
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23.  The 1962 planned march to Washington, DC was led by Randolph and Rustin.
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B.
24.  After whom did students that took up the cause of pressuring the government to enforce civil rights model their behavior?
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B.
C.
D.
25.  President John F. Kennedy successfully used the Attorney General to help get tens of thousands of Southern African Americans register to vote.
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B.
26.  Which of the following was largely responsible for the success of the student movement?
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B.
C.
D.
27.  Which of the following was the site of a student sit-in to support the desegregation of Southern universities?
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B.
C.
D.
28.  Dr. King inspired many students to protest in support of civil rights for African Americans.
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B.
29.  The student movement was started by the Congress of Racial Equality.
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B.
30.  One of the key players responsible for this change was _____________, the chief justice of the Supreme Court during this time.
31.  During his time as chief justice, _____________ used the decisions of the Supreme Court to define and extend the civil rights of American citizens.
32.  In the _____________ case, the court rules that it would be okay to separate races as long as the races were given equal treatment.
33.  The NAACP’s legal defense fund was under the leadership of __________.
34.  ____________ believed that in order for African Americans to secure their civil rights, laws had to be made restricting segregation and legally-binding decisions had to be established providing African Americans additional rights.
35.  Other activists, such as ________________ also pursued the civil rights of African Americans through peaceful, nonviolent protests, applying pressure on the white establishment to change their ways.
36.  In 1951 though, Marshall and his band of lawyers found a case that would be monumental in the civil rights movement and start to bring about educational equality for African American. The case was __________________.
37.  Through Secretary of State ________________, the government submitted a statement to the court stating that racial discrimination was a source of embarrassment for the U.S. government.
38.  Starting in Mississippi, ____________ spread across the South. These organizations were composed of white business owners and professionals whose sole focus was to resist the integration of schools in the South by any legal means necessary.
39.  One of the most well-known victims of white violence during this time was _____________, a 14 year old who was murdered in Money, Mississippi, for something he supposedly said to a white woman in a store.
40.  The school board decided to do this gradually by choosing nine African American students, who later became known as the ___________, to enroll in _______________.
41.  This was met with stiff resistance by the white community who tried to block the admittance of the African American students by physically surrounding the school. The leader of this resistance was ________ , Governor of Arkansas and supporter of segregation.
42.  That action took place on September 25, 1957 when the president ordered the ___________ to bring order and to protect the students.
43.  The federal troops stayed the entire school year, and the school year ended with Central High School’s first African American graduate, ____________.
44.  ______________ refer to legislation that enforced segregation or hindered African Americans in some way during the end of Reconstruction.
45.  The African American community of Montgomery, Alabama, found its catalyst on __________________ in the form of Rosa Parks.
46.  The African American community of Montgomery, Alabama, found its catalyst on December1, 1955 in the form of ______________.
47.  On _______________, Parks refused to give her seat and move to the back of the bus to make room when a white customer wanted her seat. Mrs. Parks’ refusals to follow this custom led to her arrest and imprisonment.
48.  The _____________________ was formed on December 5, 1955 by black ministers and community leaders in Montgomery, Alabama. Under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., the MIA was instrumental in guiding the Montgomery bus boycott, a successful campaign that focused national attention on racial segregation in the South and catapulted King into the national spotlight.
49.  The Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) was formed on December 5, 1955 by black ministers and community leaders in Montgomery, Alabama. Under the leadership of _______________________, the MIA was instrumental in guiding the Montgomery bus boycott, a successful campaign that focused national attention on racial segregation in the South and catapulted King into the national spotlight.
50.  After the boycott, King moved to Atlanta where he and several other men formed the _______________________ in 1957.
51.  One of the men who established the SCLC with King was Reverend ___________. He was a Birmingham church leader who shared King’s strong views and joined his passionate fight for desegregation. King and him would work together for years and come to be very good friends.
52.  The goal of this organization was to provided assistance and organization to those fighting for African Americans’ full civil rights. It was known for its stance on non-violence. Its motto came to be “Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed.”
53.  In the __________, King’s biggest error was that his goals were too broad. Such extensive goals made it hard to unite the African American community and convince people to support his movement.
54.  They found the perfect person the help sway public opinion, _______________, the commissioner of public safety in Birmingham. He was a staunch segregationist who pledged to do what was necessary to uphold the segregationist laws of his city. The SCLC’s goal was use his strong pro-segregation views as an example to prove that such opinions degrade lives, making the current segregated society impossible to live in for much longer.
55.  During his time in jail, King wrote one of his best-known pieces ______________________, In this letter, King defended the nonviolent strategy he had used to pursue the white racists to outwardly display their vicious hatred for African Americans.
56.  The most atrocious of these violent actions occurred at 16th Street Baptist Church on September 15 when the church was bombed by four members of the KKK. Four little girls lost their lives in the bombing. As a result, the federal government increased its participation in the effort to preserve the rights of African American citizens, calling for a civil rights bill, which eventually happened in the ______________.
57.  Some civil rights groups took a different approach than King. They felt that non-violent protests would never succeed against white people’s hate. One such group was the _____________. Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton founded the group in Oakland, California in 1966.
58.  The Black Panthers used many methods to improve the conditions in African American neighborhoods. Some of the best known were the ____________________ program and the armed citizen patrols that monitored how police treated minorities.
59.  ________________ had been the original planner of an earlier march on Washington in 1941. And by the early 1960s, he did not feel the government had done enough to improve the situation of African Americans in America.
60.  A. Phillip Randolph had been the original planner of an earlier march on Washington in 1941. And by the early 1960s, he did not feel the government had done enough to improve the situation of African Americans in America. He worked with _____________ to plan and propose a March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The Kennedy administration urged Randolph, King, and others to call off the march, but with little effect.
61.  The student movement started on ___________, when four African American students form North Carolina A&T sat down at the Woolworth’s “whites-only” lunch counter and demanded service.
62.  ___________ involved protestors merely “sitting” in an area that was “off-limits” in order to get the public’s attention.
63.  The reason this movement was so effective because of the establishment of the  ____________ on April 15, 1960. 
64.  The cause of integration was further helped by the efforts of the ______________. This group, originally founded by students in 1942, planned to launch an attack on segregation in the South on a new front—bus stations that served interstate travelers.
65.  One example was the attempt to enroll African American ________, a former member of the U.S. Air Force, into the University of Mississippi.
66.  To ___________ means to grant citizenship rights, including the right to vote.
67.  Alabama Governor, ____________ became of symbol of discrimination as he stood before the doors of the University of Alabama to block the admission of the African American students.
68.  The day after Kennedy acted at the University of Alabama, ____________, the NAACP director in Mississippi, was assassinated in the driveway of his home. Many viewed this action as retaliation by the white establishment for Kennedy’s actions in Alabama.
69.  The final push that forced Kennedy to take action was another civil rights march on Washington in late August of 1963. In response to this march, Kennedy sent a civil rights bill to Congress. Though the bill was close to passing the House of Representatives, Kennedy did not see it through; he was assassinated on ______________.
70.  One of the first achievements to occur under Johnson was the passage of the ________________, which abolished the poll tax.
71.  A __________ is a tax on a person’s person as opposed to a tax on a person’s property.
72.  Johnson had very little to do with the amendment’s passage but took a hands-on approach when it came to the ______________________ . Johnson was able to push this act through Congress and do away with the last of the restrictions that prevented African Americans from voting.
73.  Under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it was also no longer legal to segregate in hotels, motels, restaurants, theaters, and sporting arenas that participated in interstate commerce. The act even went further when it came to discrimination by forbidding discrimination based on religion, gender, and national origin as well as race. To protect these newly established rights, the act created the ________________ to enforce the law.
74.  _____________ is the effort to increase the numbers of minorities and women in good colleges and good jobs.
75.  When _________, a white American, was denied admission to a medical school, he sued. The admissions office had set up a quota system of 16 nonwhite students out of 100 places entering the school. Bakke contended that he was more qualified than some others who were admitted to the school. His contention was that he was denied admission simply because of his race.
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