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Repudiated socialist and communist philosophies
Resulted in the weakening of national states because of the growing emphasis on the individual
Take down Napoleon, who was mad with power
Strengthened the European control over South America
Encouraged the consolidation of national states
Placed unlimited faith in the potential of the peasants
Called for the complete reorganizing of French political, social, and cultural structures
Accepted the fact that France would always be a democracy
Created concepts and documents that would later influence the American Revolution
Were much more conservative than the leaders of the American Revolution
I and IV
I and III
II, and III
I and II
The United States
Japan had already been divided up into spheres of influence and they wanted to find a way to push the westerners out
of their desire to make Japan a democratic republic
those lands had always treated Japan with respect and equality
The Chinese refused to share their technology with the Japanese
5. they understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to avoid commercial and/or imperial domination by either one.
the complete cooperation of the sepoy troops
The opium trade
The Suez Canal
the Berlin Conference
The Panama Canal
Powerful nations were meant to dominate weaker societies
Only a socialist political and social structure would keep humans from destroying themselves
a sharp distinction had to be made between the biological and social worlds
Human beings had reached the point at which competition among nations was no longer necessary
More powerful nations had to protect weaker ones
British Burma and Dutch New Guinea
Japanese Korea and Russian Manchuria
American Philippines and French Indochina
French Indochina and British Borneo
British Burma and French Indochina
Set up ground rules for the colonization of Africa
Ended the Crimean War
Set up a timetable for the decolonization of Africa
Legitimized the German colonization of the Marshall Islands
Established the Triple Alliance
Problems of royal secession
High taxation that bred discontent
Lack of social mobility in the peasant class
food shortages due to poor harvests
rulers derived their authority from the consent of those they governed
governments were a result of a social contract between the ruler and the ruled
Although kings did have divine sanction, their subjects maintained personal rights
individuals retained personal rights to life, liberty, and property
Subjects have the right to remove their ruler
Were completely unsuccessful in improving the conditions of the working class
Stood out as the most radical critics of industrial society
Fell under communist control
reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of working people
Dramatically increased the chances for a revolution through their ties to Marxian socialists.
Gave absolute free speech to French newspaper.
Was a modern restatement of Justinian’s Corpus Iuris Civilis
Affirmed the political and legal equality of all adult men
had at its core the radical measures of the Convention
reduced patriarchal authority and gave more equality to women
The Ottoman Empire
rarely questioned monarchial rule
began to question long-standing notions of sovereignty
Believed that the monarchy was functional and well-established
were forced to be executed on the guillotine
Were mainly women who sought equality and suffrage
Possessing the leading educational system in Europe
the abolition of slavery
The emancipation of the serfs
The final attainment of equality for women
The establishment of universal suffrage
His attempt to copy the rapid industrialization carried out by the Japanese.
a massive program of railway construction.
His plan to fund the construction of large factories initially with money made from exporting opium.
His plan to emancipate the serfs.
Cooperative trading and intellectual exchange programs with the United States.
Free public education
Emancipation of women
Turkish as the official language of the empire
Equality before the law
3. Russo-Japanese War Sino-Japanese War
the capitalist and the bourgeoisie
The workers and the nobility
The capitalists and the proletariat
The workers and the peasantry
The nobility and the middle class
a socialist-directed economy.
The factory system
The guild system
The putting-out system
Resided in the army.
Should be the bishops and archbishops because of their special relationship to God.
was the king because, despite his faults, he was still of divine appointment.
Was the members of society acting collectively.
1. Should be the nobles instead of the king because of their control of the land.