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Unit 4 Practice Test

25 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Repudiated socialist and communist philosophies

    • B. 

      Resulted in the weakening of national states because of the growing emphasis on the individual

    • C. 

      Take down Napoleon, who was mad with power

    • D. 

      Strengthened the European control over South America

    • E. 

      Encouraged the consolidation of national states

  • 2. 
    The leaders of the French Revolution
    • A. 

      Placed unlimited faith in the potential of the peasants

    • B. 

      Called for the complete reorganizing of French political, social, and cultural structures

    • C. 

      Accepted the fact that France would always be a democracy

    • D. 

      Created concepts and documents that would later influence the American Revolution

    • E. 

      Were much more conservative than the leaders of the American Revolution

  • 3. 
    Which of the following documents were influenced by John Locke’s theory of “consent of the governed”?
      1. I. The Declaration of Independence
      2. II. Declaration of Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen
      3. III. Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
      4. IV. Napoleon’s Civil Code
  • A. 

    I and IV

  • B. 

    I and III

  • C. 

    II

  • D. 

    II, and III

  • E. 

    I and II

  • 4. 
    The Industrial Revolution began in
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      The United States

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      Russia

    • E. 

      China

  • 5. 
    The Meiji reformers actively copied the western Europeans and Americans because
    • A. 

      Japan had already been divided up into spheres of influence and they wanted to find a way to push the westerners out

    • B. 

      of their desire to make Japan a democratic republic

    • C. 

      those lands had always treated Japan with respect and equality

    • D. 

      The Chinese refused to share their technology with the Japanese

    • E. 

      5. they understood the danger of those two groups and wanted to find a way to avoid commercial and/or imperial domination by either one.

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      the complete cooperation of the sepoy troops

    • B. 

      The opium trade

    • C. 

      The Suez Canal

    • D. 

      the Berlin Conference

    • E. 

      The Panama Canal

  • 7. 
    Social Darwinists believed that
    • A. 

      Powerful nations were meant to dominate weaker societies

    • B. 

      Only a socialist political and social structure would keep humans from destroying themselves

    • C. 

      a sharp distinction had to be made between the biological and social worlds

    • D. 

      Human beings had reached the point at which competition among nations was no longer necessary

    • E. 

      More powerful nations had to protect weaker ones

  • 8. 
    Siam served as a buffer to prevent conflict between nearby
    • A. 

      British Burma and Dutch New Guinea

    • B. 

      Japanese Korea and Russian Manchuria

    • C. 

      American Philippines and French Indochina

    • D. 

      French Indochina and British Borneo

    • E. 

      British Burma and French Indochina

  • 9. 
    The Berlin Conference
    • A. 

      Set up ground rules for the colonization of Africa

    • B. 

      Ended the Crimean War

    • C. 

      Set up a timetable for the decolonization of Africa

    • D. 

      Legitimized the German colonization of the Marshall Islands

    • E. 

      Established the Triple Alliance

  • 10. 
    The only successful slave revolt in history took place in
    • A. 

      Cuba

    • B. 

      Jamaica

    • C. 

      Haiti

    • D. 

      Brazil

    • E. 

      Nigeria

  • 11. 
    The American and French revolutions were both partially caused by
    • A. 

      Problems of royal secession

    • B. 

      High taxation that bred discontent

    • C. 

      Lack of social mobility in the peasant class

    • D. 

      food shortages due to poor harvests

    • E. 

      Church interference

  • 12. 
    Which of the following was not one of John Locke’s main ideas?
    • A. 

      rulers derived their authority from the consent of those they governed

    • B. 

      governments were a result of a social contract between the ruler and the ruled

    • C. 

      Although kings did have divine sanction, their subjects maintained personal rights

    • D. 

      individuals retained personal rights to life, liberty, and property

    • E. 

      Subjects have the right to remove their ruler

  • 13. 
    Over time, trade unions
    • A. 

      Were completely unsuccessful in improving the conditions of the working class

    • B. 

      Stood out as the most radical critics of industrial society

    • C. 

      Fell under communist control

    • D. 

      reduced the likelihood of a revolution by improving the lives of working people

    • E. 

      Dramatically increased the chances for a revolution through their ties to Marxian socialists.

  • 14. 
    Napoleon’s Civil Code
    • A. 

      Gave absolute free speech to French newspaper.

    • B. 

      Was a modern restatement of Justinian’s Corpus Iuris Civilis

    • C. 

      Affirmed the political and legal equality of all adult men

    • D. 

      had at its core the radical measures of the Convention

    • E. 

      reduced patriarchal authority and gave more equality to women

  • 15. 
    Charles Fourier and Robert Owen were both
    • A. 

      Marxian capitalists

    • B. 

      Utopian socialists

    • C. 

      American industrialists

    • D. 

      famous communists

    • E. 

      European imperialists

  • 16. 
    Interchangeable parts were invented by
    • A. 

      Josiah Wedgwood

    • B. 

      George Stephenson

    • C. 

      Eli Whitney

    • D. 

      Henry Ford

    • E. 

      Henry Bessemer

  • 17. 
    The Self-Strengthening Movement was an attempt to blend indigenous cultural traditions with western technology in
    • A. 

      Japan

    • B. 

      Russia

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      The Ottoman Empire

    • E. 

      Korea

  • 18. 
    During the 17th and 18th centuries, philosophes and other advocates of Enlightenment ideas
    • A. 

      rarely questioned monarchial rule

    • B. 

      began to question long-standing notions of sovereignty

    • C. 

      Believed that the monarchy was functional and well-established

    • D. 

      were forced to be executed on the guillotine

    • E. 

      Were mainly women who sought equality and suffrage

  • 19. 
    . The key to social reform in Russia was
    • A. 

      Possessing the leading educational system in Europe

    • B. 

      the abolition of slavery

    • C. 

      The emancipation of the serfs

    • D. 

      The final attainment of equality for women

    • E. 

      The establishment of universal suffrage

  • 20. 
    The centerpiece of Sergei Witte’s Russian industrial policy was
    • A. 

      His attempt to copy the rapid industrialization carried out by the Japanese.

    • B. 

      a massive program of railway construction.

    • C. 

      His plan to fund the construction of large factories initially with money made from exporting opium.

    • D. 

      His plan to emancipate the serfs.

    • E. 

      Cooperative trading and intellectual exchange programs with the United States.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following Young Turk proposals caused the most dissension in the empire?
    • A. 

      Free public education

    • B. 

      Emancipation of women

    • C. 

      Universal suffrage

    • D. 

      Turkish as the official language of the empire

    • E. 

      Equality before the law

  • 22. 
     The event that best displayed Japan’s rise to the level of a world power was their victory in the
    • A. 

      Opium War

    • B. 

      Crimean War

    • C. 

      Russo-Japanese War

    • D. 

      3. Russo-Japanese War Sino-Japanese War

    • E. 

      Taiping War

  • 23. 
    Marx and Engels proposed that capitalism divided people into two classes. The classes were
    • A. 

      the capitalist and the bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      The workers and the nobility

    • C. 

      The capitalists and the proletariat

    • D. 

      The workers and the peasantry

    • E. 

      The nobility and the middle class

  • 24. 
    The dominant form of industrial organization by the end of the nineteenth century was
    • A. 

      a socialist-directed economy.

    • B. 

      The factory system

    • C. 

      The guild system

    • D. 

      The putting-out system

    • E. 

      Cottage industry

  • 25. 
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau, in his Social Contract, argued that in every country that sovereign voice in government
    • A. 

      Resided in the army.

    • B. 

      Should be the bishops and archbishops because of their special relationship to God.

    • C. 

      was the king because, despite his faults, he was still of divine appointment.

    • D. 

      Was the members of society acting collectively.

    • E. 

      1. Should be the nobles instead of the king because of their control of the land.