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Unit 4 Exam

30 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. Which of the following was NOT associated with Jacksonian Democracy?
    • A. 

      A. the extension of suffrage

    • B. 

      B. national nominating conventions by political parties

    • C. 

      C. growth of the spoils system

    • D. 

      D. a marked decrease in presidential power

  • 2. 
    1. In addition to the cotton gin, Eli Whitney’s major contribution to American technology was his
    • A. 

      A. development of the first practical locomotive

    • B. 

      B. invention of the mechanical reaper/harvester

    • C. 

      C. use of steam power on boats and ships

    • D. 

      D. introduction of interchangeable parts

  • 3. 
    1. The theme of individualism is most evident in the writing of
    • A. 

      A. Jonathan Edwards

    • B. 

      B. Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • C. 

      C. George Fitzhugh

    • D. 

      D. Washington Irving

  • 4. 
    1. The Nullification Crisis of 1832 was initiated when
    • A. 

      A. president Jackson vetoed the Maysville Road bill

    • B. 

      B. the Cherokee nation was moved west of the Mississippi River

    • C. 

      C. South Carolina declared a federal tariff invalid

    • D. 

      D. The charter of the second Bank of the United States expired

  • 5. 
    1. The primary objective of the founders of the Know-Nothing party was the
    • A. 

      A. abolition of slavery

    • B. 

      B. establishment of free public schools

    • C. 

      C. improvement of factory working conditions

    • D. 

      D. prohibition of communitarian experiments such as those at Oneida

    • E. 

      E. restriction of immigration

  • 6. 
    1. Which of the following transportation developments opened the West to settlement and trade between 1790 and 1830?
    • A. 

      A. railroads and steamships

    • B. 

      B. turnpikes and railroads

    • C. 

      C. clipper ships and turnpikes

    • D. 

      D. canals and railroads

    • E. 

      E. turnpikes (roads) and canals

  • 7. 
    1. Which of the following is correct about the tariffs passed from 1818 to 1828?
    • A. 

      A. they encouraged more trade with other nations

    • B. 

      B. they were supported by all sections of the nation

    • C. 

      C. they faced numerous challenges in the Supreme Court

    • D. 

      D. they were primarily intended as revenue-raising measures

    • E. 

      E. they were the first protective tariffs

  • 8. 
    1. President Jackson resisted the admission of Texas into the Union in 1836 primarily because he
    • A. 

      A. acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government’s claim to Texas

    • B. 

      B. feared that a debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery

    • C. 

      C. was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion

    • D. 

      D. could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas

  • 9. 
    1. In the 1830s and 1840s, all of the following were generally true about immigration EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A. most immigrants came from the British Isles and northern Europe

    • B. 

      B. improvements in ship technology made the ocean voyage relatively cheap and fast

    • C. 

      C. an overwhelming majority of native-born Americans welcomed the immigrants as a source of cheap labor

    • D. 

      D. the South attracted the least number of immigrants

  • 10. 
    1. President Andrew Jackson’s Specie Circular stipulated (ordered) that
    • A. 

      A. inefficient employees of the federal government should be fired regardless of their party

    • B. 

      B. Federal government deposits should be withdrawn from the Second Bank of the United States

    • C. 

      C. no federal funds should be spent on internal improvements

    • D. 

      D. paper money should not be accepted in payment for federal lands

    • E. 

      E. the government would use force if necessary to collect the tariff in South Carolina

  • 11. 
    1. Art of the Hudson River School may be described as
    • A. 

      A. brutally realistic in its depiction of unpleasant subjects

    • B. 

      B. concentrating on grimy scenes of everyday life in crowded New York City streets

    • C. 

      C. completely abstract

    • D. 

      D. focusing on the portraits of rich and influential citizens

    • E. 

      E. classically romantic, expressing an air of wonder at the mystery of nature

  • 12. 
    1. The American Transcendentalists may best be characterized as
    • A. 

      A. a group of Northern intellectuals who shared a belief in the value of human intuition, the presence of divinity in nature, and an emotional comprehension of God

    • B. 

      B. a religious sect that believed in the concept of sin and the necessity for forgiveness from God and from fellow worshippers

    • C. 

      C. a number of loosely organized communitarians who engaged in sexual activity outside the confines of marriage

    • D. 

      D. a group of former Unitarian ministers who expected Christ to descend to earth within their lifetimes

  • 13. 
    1. Andrew Jackson’s election in 1828 is seen by many historians to represent
    • A. 

      A. the end of the Federalist Party in America

    • B. 

      B. the rise of individualism and popular democracy in America

    • C. 

      C. the first true consolidation of federal power over the states since the drafting of the Constitution

    • D. 

      D. the beginnings of a genuine American aristocracy in government

  • 14. 
    1. The opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 was important because it
    • A. 

      A. established the role of the federal government in internal improvements

    • B. 

      B. strengthened the ties between the eastern manufacturing and western agricultural regions

    • C. 

      C. made the invention of the steamboat economically viable (practical)

    • D. 

      D. spurred innovation in the railroad industry

    • E. 

      E. was the last major canal project before the Civil War

  • 15. 
    1. The “Cult of Domesticity” most accurately describes
    • A. 

      A. the lifestyles of factory women

    • B. 

      B. the responsibilities of farm wives

    • C. 

      C. the religious convictions of families in factory towns

    • D. 

      D. the role of Indian women on the frontier

    • E. 

      E. the ideal of upper class, nonworking women

  • 16. 
    1. An important consequence of the "Tariff of Abominations” of 1828 was that it led to the
    • A. 

      A. taxation of consumer items

    • B. 

      B. reelection of Andrew Jackson

    • C. 

      C. use of the doctrine of nullification

    • D. 

      D. alliance of Southern planters and Western farmers

  • 17. 
    1. The Panic of 1837 was in a large part precipitated (caused) by
    • A. 

      A. the overexpansion of land speculation in California only

    • B. 

      B. fears of a war with Britain over disputed territory along the border with Canada

    • C. 

      C. fears of a war with Mexico over Texas

    • D. 

      D. the issuance of the Specie Circular by Van Buren

    • E. 

      E. uncontrolled inflation after Jackson took the United States off the gold standard

  • 18. 
    1. The rotation system of government espoused (supported) by Jackson refers to
    • A. 

      A. the practice of government officials periodically switching, or rotating, their jobs with other officials so they could gain a wider variety of administrative skills

    • B. 

      B. the “spoils system” in which an elected official replaced appointed officeholders with new appointees who were their political supporters

    • C. 

      C. the practice of rotating, or replacing, members of the president’s cabinet every two years

    • D. 

      D. the mandatory rotation, or switching, of national power from one political party to the other at least once every eight years

    • E. 

      E. a fluid, back and forth flow of power between the states and the federal government

  • 19. 
    1. In the first half of the nineteenth century, Cherokee efforts to retain their tribal lands in Georgia received direct support from
    • A. 

      A. the White residents of Oklahoma

    • B. 

      B. President Jackson

    • C. 

      C. The United States Supreme Court

    • D. 

      D. The Democratic Party

    • E. 

      E. The United States Congress

  • 20. 
    1. Who replied to Senator Robert Hayne’s defense of the South Carolina Exposition with the following statement: “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!”? 
    • A. 

      A. Daniel Webster

    • B. 

      B. Henry Clay

    • C. 

      C. Thomas Jefferson

    • D. 

      D. John C. Calhoun

  • 21. 
    1. Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the workforce of the New England textile mills as New England farm girls were replaced by
    • A. 

      A. French-Canadian immigrants

    • B. 

      B. freed African Americans from the South

    • C. 

      C. Irish immigrants

    • D. 

      D. German immigrants

  • 22. 
    1. The Industrial Revolution had which of the following effects on slavery in the South?
    • A. 

      A. the creation of numerous labor-saving machines vastly reduced the need for slave labor

    • B. 

      B. rapid growth in the textile industry encouraged Southern planters to grow more cotton, thereby making slavery more important to the economy

    • C. 

      C. the government bought and freed Southern slaves, then transported them to the North, where they worked in the factories

    • D. 

      D. the Industrial Revolution had almost ended the need for slavery by 1860

  • 23. 
    1. Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that
    • A. 

      A. political participation by the common man should be increased

    • B. 

      B. an aristocracy posed no danger to the Republic

    • C. 

      C. the National Republicans alone knew what was right for the people

    • D. 

      D. political rights should be granted to women

  • 24. 
    1. The 1842 Massachusetts court case of Commonwealth v. Hunt had an important effect on organized labor because it
    • A. 

      A. weakened the position of labor unions

    • B. 

      B. ruled that workers could legally form unions and strike against their employer

    • C. 

      C. outlawed strikes

    • D. 

      D. prohibited the formation of unions by immigrant workers

  • 25. 
    1. What issue did Henry Clay raise against Jackson in the 1832 election?
    • A. 

      A. the admission of Texas as a slave state

    • B. 

      B. Jackson’s veto of the recharter of the Second Bank of the United States

    • C. 

      C. Jackson’s role in the Trail of Tears

    • D. 

      D. the lack of banks for farmers in the West

  • 26. 
    1. Dorothea Dix was instrumental in reforming the 
    • A. 

      A. the use of children as factory workers

    • B. 

      B. the treatment of free Black schoolchildren in northern cities

    • C. 

      C. American prison system

    • D. 

      D. public education system in America

  • 27. 
    1. The Second Great Awakening was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A. efforts to counter the rationalism of the Unitarian movement

    • B. 

      B. opportunity for salvation offered to all

    • C. 

      C. efforts to appeal to people’s emotions

    • D. 

      D. growing unity among Protestant churches

  • 28. 
    1. Which of the following best describes changes in the American economy in the 1820s?
    • A. 

      A. improved transportation in the West, depressed economic conditions in the South

    • B. 

      B. industrialization in the Northeast, diversified farming in the South

    • C. 

      C. improved transportation in the West, industrialization in the North

    • D. 

      D. cotton farming in the South, depressed conditions in the North

  • 29. 
    1. Which of the following increased Southern planters’ reliance on slaves?
    • A. 

      A. Invention of the cotton gin

    • B. 

      B. Missouri Compromise

    • C. 

      C. Invention of the steamboat

    • D. 

      D. The implementation of the Lowell System

  • 30. 
    1. Supporters of the Whig party were united completely in their
    • A. 

      A. dislike of Andrew Jackson

    • B. 

      B. desire to acquire Texas

    • C. 

      C. opposition to tariffs

    • D. 

      D. support of the American System