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Unit 2 History Ch. 25

65 Questions
History Quizzes & Trivia

America: A Narrative History 8th Edition

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    General Pershing’s incursion into Mexico resulted in the defeat and capture of “Pancho” Villa.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Many immigrant groups in the United States supported the Central Powers in the European War.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Due to their belief in “freedom of the seas,” the British allowed Americans to trade with Germany.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The so-called Arabic Pledge involved Wilson’s stand to stop North Africa’s fall into chaos during the war.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    In the presidential election of 1916, Republicans used the slogan “He kept us out of war” to discredit Wilson.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The Republican candidate for president in 1916 was Charles Evans Hughes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    The Zimmermann telegram, sent to the Mexican government from the White House, was intercepted by the Germans.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The adoption of the convoy system dramatically reduced Allied losses to German submarines.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Over 400,000 southern blacks moved northward during the war years.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Women in “war work” were usually able to keep their jobs after the war.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    “Four-minute men” were a special-operations unit of the U.S. Army.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    During World War I, some American symphonies refused to perform Bach and Beethoven.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Former president Theodore Roosevelt was one of the biggest supporters of the League of Nations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Henry Cabot Lodge led the Senate Republicans who demanded amendments to the Treaty of Versailles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    President Wilson suffered a temporarily incapacitating stroke in France while negotiating the peace treaty.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the diplomatic stance of Woodrow Wilson and William Jennings Bryan? Ref: Idealistic diplomacy
    • A. 

      America must, above all else, protect American interests around the world.

    • B. 

      America must not interfere in the affairs of other nations.

    • C. 

      America has a religious duty to spread democracy and moral progress throughout the world.

    • D. 

      America should prove its might wherever and whenever possible.

  • 17. 
    Concerning United States action in the Caribbean, President Wilson: Ref: In Caribbean, U.S. Marines helped put down disorders
    • A. 

      Firmly renounced the policies of Taft’s “dollar diplomacy”

    • B. 

      Announced that “the fruit companies will be supported with American force to ensure American prosperity”

    • C. 

      Argued that the United States should recognize any government that exercised de facto power

    • D. 

      Kept marines in Nicaragua and sent marines to Haiti and the Dominican Republic

  • 18. 
    “Pancho” Villa:
    • A. 

      Was captured and executed by American forces in 1914

    • B. 

      Led the Mexican forces against an unsuccessful invasion by U.S. Marines and sailors at Vera Cruz

    • C. 

      Led the rebellion against Mexican president Porfirio Díaz

    • D. 

      Killed a number of Americans in an attempt to provoke American intervention in Mexico

  • 19. 
    One of the following pairs consists of two countries that were NOT members of the Triple Entente.
    • A. 

      Austria-Hungary and France

    • B. 

      France and Great Britain

    • C. 

      Italy and Austria-Hungary

    • D. 

      Russia and France

  • 20. 
    When news of the European war first reached the United States:
    • A. 

      President Wilson immediately called on Congress to build up America’s military strength

    • B. 

      Most high government officials were pro-British

    • C. 

      Most old-line Americans were sympathetic to the Central Powers

    • D. 

      Irish-Americans leaned toward support for the Allies

  • 21. 
    President Wilson’s response to the sinking of the Lusitania: Ref: American neutrality strained
    • A. 

      Was a series of notes demanding that Germany stop such actions and pay reparations

    • B. 

      Was to sever diplomatic ties with Germany

    • C. 

      Included a speech in which he said that if Germany was responsible for the killing of any more Americans, then a state of war would exist between the United States and Germany

    • D. 

      Was conciliatory

  • 22. 
    President Wilson’s secretary of state resigned in 1915 because: Ref: American neutrality strained
    • A. 

      He thought Wilson’s note to Germany denouncing the sinking of the Lusitania would draw America closer to war

    • B. 

      He discovered that the Lusitania had carried a cargo of arms and ammunition

    • C. 

      He disapproved of Wilson’s conciliatory stance toward Germany

    • D. 

      Wilson refused to sign the Arabic Pledge

  • 23. 
    In the case of Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court:
    • A. 

      Struck down as unconstitutional the Lever act, which had created the Food and Fuel Administrations

    • B. 

      Upheld the conviction of a man who had circulated pamphlets against the draft

    • C. 

      Ruled that labor organizations as such did not fall under the jurisdiction of the War Industries Board

    • D. 

      Overturned the Espionage and Sedition Acts

  • 24. 
    The Revenue Act of 1916: Ref: The debate over preparedness
    • A. 

      Was primarily to raise money to pay for war preparations

    • B. 

      Hit farmers and low-income Americans the hardest

    • C. 

      Was vetoed by President Wilson

    • D. 

      Was designed to make Republicans support the war

  • 25. 
    In the presidential election of 1916, the Republicans:
    • A. 

      Nominated Theodore Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Lost by a small margin

    • C. 

      Nominated Woodrow Wilson

    • D. 

      Won by a large margin

  • 26. 
    The Zimmermann telegram:
    • A. 

      Asked for help from Mexico in the case of war between Germany and the United States

    • B. 

      Announced Germany’s decision to wage unrestricted submarine warfare

    • C. 

      Announced the addition of three countries to the Central Powers

    • D. 

      Caused the United States to break diplomatic relations with Germany

  • 27. 
    The congressional resolution for war:
    • A. 

      Came quickly in response to the sinking of the Lusitania

    • B. 

      Passed overwhelmingly

    • C. 

      Was divided strictly along party lines

    • D. 

      Included a provision that the United States would accept only an unconditional surrender from Germany

  • 28. 
    The Food Administration: Ref: Regulation of industry and the economy
    • A. 

      Was contested by a labor lawyer Frank P. Walsh

    • B. 

      Used strict guidelines and coercive authority to achieve its goals

    • C. 

      Taught Americans to plant victory gardens and to use leftovers wisely

    • D. 

      Was managed by a young engineer named Harry Truman

  • 29. 
    The most important of all the mobilization agencies was the:
    • A. 

      Fuel Administration

    • B. 

      Emergency Fleet Corporation

    • C. 

      U.S. Shipping Board

    • D. 

      War Industries Board

  • 30. 
    George Creel:
    • A. 

      Was the energetic leader of the War Labor Policies Board

    • B. 

      Was a Denver newspaperman in charge of propaganda

    • C. 

      Was the first and most celebrated conviction under the Espionage Act of 1917

    • D. 

      Was convicted under the “clear and present danger” doctrine

  • 31. 
    Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917–1918:
    • A. 

      There were 25 prosecutions and 10 convictions

    • B. 

      Speaking and writing against Germany and Italy became a crime

    • C. 

      Criticism of government leaders or war policies became a crime

    • D. 

      Censorship was aimed more at “middle America” than at socialists or other radicals

  • 32. 
    What was the major cause of the St. Louis riot in 1917?
    • A. 

      Employment in a defense factory

    • B. 

      A white man was accused of murdering an African American child

    • C. 

      An African American was accused of rape

    • D. 

      Misunderstanding of the homeowners’ restrictive clauses

  • 33. 
    Despite the fact that the Great War generated many changes in female employment, these changes were:
    • A. 

      For married women

    • B. 

      Only significant on the West Coast

    • C. 

      For single women

    • D. 

      Limited and brief

  • 34. 
    Some 8,000 American troops landed in Russia in 1918:
    • A. 

      To help end the German occupation of Russia’s eastern frontier

    • B. 

      When Russia signed a separate peace treaty with Germany

    • C. 

      When Russia threatened to fight for the Central Powers

    • D. 

      To fight the pro-Bolshevik “White” Russians

  • 35. 
    In the midterm elections of 1918: Ref: Wilson’s domestic strength was declining
    • A. 

      Democrats lost control of both houses of Congress

    • B. 

      Labor, eastern businessmen, and western farmers expressed support for Democratic policies

    • C. 

      Republican victories in the South were offset by heavy losses in the Northeast

    • D. 

      Wilson asked voters to elect progressive candidates of either party

  • 36. 
    To what did Wilson refer when he spoke of “the heart of the League”? Ref: League of Nations
    • A. 

      The League of Nations army, which would enforce peace

    • B. 

      The Permanent Court of Justice, which would rule on international disputes

    • C. 

      Article X, which would pledge members to consult on military and economic sanctions against aggressors

    • D. 

      The Assembly, which would allow each League member an equal voice

  • 37. 
    In negotiating with the Big Four over many postwar territorial issues, President Wilson: Ref: Territory and reparations
    • A. 

      Had to compromise his principle of national self-determination

    • B. 

      Remained true to his core values

    • C. 

      Only compromised when it benefited America

    • D. 

      Demanded that Democratic states must be established

  • 38. 
    The German delegation at Versailles objected most bitterly to:
    • A. 

      England’s attempt to arrest a young politician named Adolph Hitler

    • B. 

      The reparations to be paid to the United States

    • C. 

      Reparations for the entire war

    • D. 

      Reparations for only civilian damages

  • 39. 
    What was the virulent menace that Americans faced in the postwar period and that caused more casualties than the war itself?
    • A. 

      Communism

    • B. 

      Socialism

    • C. 

      The Spanish flu

    • D. 

      The atomic bomb

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Struck the United States in 1913

    • B. 

      Killed five times the number of Americans as died of combat deaths in France

    • C. 

      Ended suddenly in 1914

    • D. 

      Killed almost half of Pershing’s army in Mexico

  • 41. 
    William Z. Foster is best associated with:
    • A. 

      Boston police strike of 1919

    • B. 

      Homestead strike of 1892

    • C. 

      Racial rioting during World War I

    • D. 

      U.S. Steel strike of 1919

  • 42. 
    The 1919 police strike in Boston:
    • A. 

      Began when several officers protested their long hours and small pay by calling in sick

    • B. 

      Was settled when both sides agreed to submit to an arbitration panel

    • C. 

      Inadvertently launched a presidential career

    • D. 

      Launched the career of J. Edgar Hoover

  • 43. 
    A race riot in which 38 people were killed and over 500 injured took place in July 1919 in:
    • A. 

      Albany, New York

    • B. 

      Chicago, Illinois

    • C. 

      Birmingham, Alabama

    • D. 

      Cleveland, Ohio

  • 44. 
    The Red Scare of 1919–1920 reflected the:
    • A. 

      Massive steel strikes around Chicago and in western Pennsylvania

    • B. 

      Tremendous growth of the Socialist party during World War I

    • C. 

      Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the actions of a “lunatic fringe” in the United States

    • D. 

      Demobilization of the American army

  • 45. 
    The Red Scare of 1919–1920 was directed against:
    • A. 

      The Ku Klux Klan

    • B. 

      Blacks

    • C. 

      Labor unions

    • D. 

      Socialists and communists

  • 46. 
    In an effort to topple Victoriano Huerta’s dictatorial government in Mexico, President Wilson:
    • A. 

      Used the army to close off the border

    • B. 

      Sent the military to occupy the port of Veracruz

    • C. 

      Had Mexico expelled from the League of Nations

    • D. 

      Provided weapons to “Pancho” Villa

  • 47. 
    The event that triggered World War I in Europe was:
    • A. 

      Germany’s invasion of Belgium

    • B. 

      Russia’s decision to ally with France and Britain

    • C. 

      Germany’s determination to build a navy as large as Britain’s

    • D. 

      A Serb’s assassination of the Austrian archduke

  • 48. 
    Which of the following is true of the Lusitania?
    • A. 

      It was sunk by a submarine right outside New York Harbor.

    • B. 

      It was one of the largest battleships in the British navy.

    • C. 

      It secretly carried weapons and ammunition in its cargo.

    • D. 

      Its sinking led Wilson to support a war against Germany.

  • 49. 
    All of the following influenced the U.S. decision to enter the war against Germany EXCEPT: Ref: Reasons for war
    • A. 

      The overthrow of the czarist government in Russia

    • B. 

      Germany’s declaration of unrestricted submarine warfare

    • C. 

      Germany’s offer of an alliance to Mexico

    • D. 

      Unrestricted submarine warfare by the Germans

  • 50. 
    For violating the Espionage Act, Socialist leader Eugene Debs:
    • A. 

      Received a ten-year prison term

    • B. 

      Was beaten by an angry mob of patriots

    • C. 

      Was banned from future presidential campaigns

    • D. 

      Renounced socialism

  • 51. 
    The U.S. military effort in France:
    • A. 

      Helped turn back several German offensives

    • B. 

      Had little if any significance

    • C. 

      Resulted in millions of American casualties

    • D. 

      Was commanded by Herbert Hoover

  • 52. 
    As a result of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia:
    • A. 

      The country got its first Democratic government

    • B. 

      The country renewed its war effort against Germany

    • C. 

      The country concluded a separate peace with Germany

    • D. 

      The United States loaned Russia millions of dollars

  • 53. 
    Wilson’s Fourteen Points endorsed all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Freedom of the seas

    • B. 

      U.S. colonies in Africa and Asia

    • C. 

      The creation of a “league” of nations

    • D. 

      An end to secret treaties

  • 54. 
    The Treaty of Versailles did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Included a “war guilt” clause that blamed Germany for World War I

    • B. 

      Created new nations such as Poland and Yugoslavia

    • C. 

      Required Germany to pay reparations

    • D. 

      Required veterans’ pensions to be paid by their home country

  • 55. 
    One dramatic example of labor unrest in 1919 was a general strike in:
    • A. 

      Boston

    • B. 

      San Francisco

    • C. 

      Seattle

    • D. 

      Chicago

  • 56. 
    Who said, after the sinking of the Lusitania: “There is such a thing as a man being too proud to fight”?
    • A. 

      Charles Evans Hughes

    • B. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Woodrow Wilson

    • D. 

      John Pershing

  • 57. 
    What gave World War I its lasting character?
    • A. 

      Trench warfare

    • B. 

      Ethnic and racial hatred

    • C. 

      Fascism in Germany and Italy

    • D. 

      The use of airplanes

  • 58. 
    Which of the following is NOT associated with major battles in World War I? Ref: The “race for France”
    • A. 

      Verdun

    • B. 

      The Somme

    • C. 

      Meuse-Argonne

    • D. 

      Omaha Beach

  • 59. 
    The turning point in France came at the Second Battle of: Ref: The “race for France”
    • A. 

      The Somme

    • B. 

      The Marne

    • C. 

      Vaux

    • D. 

      Thierry

  • 60. 
    The French premier during WWI was: Ref: Until 1918, American troops played only a token role
    • A. 

      David Lloyd George

    • B. 

      Winston Churchill

    • C. 

      Vittorio Orlando

    • D. 

      Georges Clemenceau

  • 61. 
    In the 1915 Treaty of London, the Allies had promised them land if they entered the war:
    • A. 

      Russia

    • B. 

      Austria

    • C. 

      Italy

    • D. 

      Luxembourg

  • 62. 
    All of these innovations changed warfare during World War I EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Machine guns

    • B. 

      Blockades

    • C. 

      Land mines

    • D. 

      Long-range artillery

  • 63. 
    What was the context for Wilson’s doctor saying that he was a “man with his heart torn out”?
    • A. 

      Losing to the Germans at Meuse-Argonne

    • B. 

      Losing the election of 1916

    • C. 

      Losing in his fight for Article X

    • D. 

      Losing his wife

  • 64. 
    Between 1914 and 1921, World War I was directly responsible for the deaths of:
    • A. 

      Over 9 million combatants

    • B. 

      3 million children

    • C. 

      6 million women

    • D. 

      4 million noncombatants

  • 65. 
    All of these took place in 1917 EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The St. Louis riots

    • B. 

      The Bolshevik Revolution

    • C. 

      The Espionage Act

    • D. 

      The Paris Peace Conference