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Unit 2 History Ch. 29

65 Questions
History Quizzes & Trivia

America: A Narrative History

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A U.S. concern for the growing power of what nation contributed to the convening of the Washington naval-armaments conference?
    • A. 

      Britain

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      Japan

  • 2. 
    After the World War I, American public opinion generally supported:
    • A. 

      Isolationism

    • B. 

      Fascism

    • C. 

      Internationalism

    • D. 

      Interventionism

  • 3. 
    All of the following statements about the German blitzkrieg of spring 1940 are true, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      It followed an extended quiet period in the war following the invasion of Poland

    • B. 

      It involved German attacks on France, Belgium, Denmark, Norway, and the Netherlands

    • C. 

      France surrendered to Germany in just over two months

    • D. 

      Germany carefully avoided attacks on neutral nations and only targeted professed enemies

  • 4. 
    American foreign policy in Latin America in the period between world wars included all the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Withdrawing U.S. Marines from Nicaragua and Haiti

    • B. 

      Participation in Pan-American conferences

    • C. 

      Accepting the Clark Memorandum

    • D. 

      Insisting that the Monroe Doctrine provided a valid justification for intervention

  • 5. 
    American isolationism declined in turmoil of the Great Depression of the early 1930s.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    America’s “Good Neighbor” Policy:
    • A. 

      Promoted free trade among the United States, Canada, and Mexico

    • B. 

      Promised aggressive military actions against any “bad neighbors” in the Western Hemisphere

    • C. 

      Supported the idea of nonintervention in Latin America

    • D. 

      Eliminated all military and other examples of a U.S. official presence in Latin America

  • 7. 
    An incident at the Marco Polo Bridge in 1937 triggered a full-scale war between Japan and French Indochina.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    As a nonmember, the United States refused to have anything to do with the League of Nations in the 1920s and 1930s.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    At the 1933 Pan-American Conference, the United States supported a resolution that declared no nation had “the right to intervene in the internal or external affairs of another.”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    By limiting tonnage on capital ships (battleships and aircraft carriers) alone, the Five-Power Treaty (1922) for naval disarmament had what unintended effect?
    • A. 

      The treaty rendered battleships and aircraft carriers irrelevant to modern naval warfare.

    • B. 

      The treaty created a thriving black market for battleships and aircraft carriers.

    • C. 

      The treaty prompted signatory nations to recategorize battleships and aircraft carriers as “elevated submarines” and “buoyant airports” to evade the restrictions.

    • D. 

      The treaty sparked a naval arms race in cruisers, destroyers, submarines, and other smaller craft that had not been restricted.

  • 11. 
    By November 1941, the United States insisted it would reopen trade with Japan only after that country:
    • A. 

      Gave up its recently acquired territory in New Zealand

    • B. 

      Signed an agreement not to attack Russia

    • C. 

      Withdrew completely from China

    • D. 

      Paid Britain and Holland for the oil and other resources it had taken from their colonies

  • 12. 
    By the autumn of 1941, the United States and Germany had reached an understanding to minimize their escalating naval confrontations.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    By the autumn of 1941:
    • A. 

      Congress declared war on Germany

    • B. 

      The U.S. Navy was engaging the Germany Navy in the Atlantic

    • C. 

      Roosevelt ordered ships to avoid combat zones

    • D. 

      Roosevelt broke diplomatic relations with Germany

  • 14. 
    During 1931–1932, Japan invaded and conquered what territory in East Asia?
    • A. 

      Manchuria

    • B. 

      Formosa

    • C. 

      French Indochina

    • D. 

      Korea

  • 15. 
    During the 1920s, American global interests such as international trade and investment:
    • A. 

      Ceased to expand in the face of resistance from American isolationism

    • B. 

      Remained inconsequential to the overall well-being of the United States

    • C. 

      Expanded and prevented the United States from entirely withdrawing from the world, despite strong isolationist sentiment

    • D. 

      Demonstrated that isolationism was irrelevant to U.S. politics

  • 16. 
    During the Spanish Civil War:
    • A. 

      Franklin Roosevelt advocated U.S. official support of the loyalist faction

    • B. 

      The United States, Britain, Germany, and Italy all supported the government

    • C. 

      Hitler and Mussolini helped the armed uprising led by Francisco Franco

    • D. 

      The European democracies helped the armed uprising, whereas Germany and Italy refused to intervene

  • 17. 
    During the summer of 1941, the United States attempted to restrain Japanese expansion by:
    • A. 

      Restricting oil exports to Japan and freezing Japanese assets in the United States

    • B. 

      Ordering the strategic bombing of Japanese military sites

    • C. 

      Sending 200,000 troops to China and stationing a large naval force in the South Pacific

    • D. 

      Establishing a protectorate over China

  • 18. 
    European debt repayment to the United States during the 1920s was made more difficult by what issue?
    • A. 

      Europeans preferred not to trade with the United States.

    • B. 

      High tariff rates limited access of European goods to the American market and the ability of Europeans to earn dollars for repayment.

    • C. 

      Low tariff rates devalued European goods in the American market.

    • D. 

      The United States lacked a developed banking system necessary to process international payments.

  • 19. 
    Following the aerial Battle of Britain, Germany invaded England.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Following the Pearl Harbor attack:
    • A. 

      American isolationism increased

    • B. 

      A congressional resolution for war passed unanimously

    • C. 

      The United States avoided involvement in the European conflict

    • D. 

      Germany and Italy also declared war on the United States

  • 21. 
    Franklin Roosevelt’s opponent in the 1940 presidential election was:
    • A. 

      Thomas Dewey

    • B. 

      Wendell Willkie

    • C. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Herbert Hoover

  • 22. 
    Germany’s invasion of what country triggered the beginning of World War II in Europe? a. Czechoslovakia
    • A. 

      Czechoslovakia

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Britain

    • D. 

      Poland

  • 23. 
    High tariff rates, like those implemented by the United States during the 1920s, have what impact on international trade?
    • A. 

      They tend to facilitate trade by making imported goods more valuable through the costs added.

    • B. 

      They have no impact on trade because their impact on an imported goods’ price is negligible.

    • C. 

      They tend to hinder international trade by making imported goods costlier and therefore less appealing to consumers.

    • D. 

      They have historically been responsible for the greatest trade booms in global history.

  • 24. 
    In 1940, the Battle of Britain:
    • A. 

      Saw the British defeat a massive German land invasion of the British Isles

    • B. 

      Was the single greatest defeat that Britain faced during World War II

    • C. 

      Was mostly a propaganda war between Germany and Britain that saw little actual bloodshed

    • D. 

      Saw the British turn back a massive German air attack and force Germany to postpone its invasion plans

  • 25. 
    In June 1941, Germany widened the war by:
    • A. 

      Declaring war on the United States

    • B. 

      Invading the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Attacking Spain

    • D. 

      Invading Britain

  • 26. 
    In November 1941:
    • A. 

      Congress passed the Neutrality Act of 1941 that reaffirmed American neutrality

    • B. 

      Japan attacked Pearl Harbor

    • C. 

      Franklin Roosevelt died in office

    • D. 

      Congress passed legislation that allowed the arming of merchant ships

  • 27. 
    In the aftermath of the German blitzkrieg of spring 1940, U.S. defense policy changed in all the following ways EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Congress increased the defense spending by voting for $17 billion for the defense budget

    • B. 

      The United States began making increased stocks of arms, planes, and munitions available to the British

    • C. 

      Roosevelt ceded most of his decision-making authority to his military leaders

    • D. 

      Roosevelt established a National Defense Research Committee to coordinate military research

  • 28. 
    In the late summer of 1940, President Roosevelt agreed to send fifty “overaged” destroyers to Britain in return for:
    • A. 

      Republican promises not to ask for a peacetime draft

    • B. 

      Ninety-nine-year leases on a series of British naval and air bases in the Western Hemisphere

    • C. 

      Congressional approval of a draft registration act

    • D. 

      Fifty “outdated” British aircraft carriers

  • 29. 
    In the presidential election of 1940, Franklin Roosevelt became the first president to win a third term.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor was only one part of a larger offensive launched into Southeast Asia and the Pacific.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Members of the America First Committee were likely to be all of the following, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Supporters of Roosevelt’s foreign policy

    • B. 

      Opposed to risking conflict with Germany

    • C. 

      Supportive of isolationist policies

    • D. 

      Not worried about the threat that Nazi Germany posed to U.S. interests

  • 32. 
    Most European countries defaulted on their war debts during the Great Depression.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Most European nations defaulted on their war debt to the United States during what international crisis?
    • A. 

      World War I

    • B. 

      World War II

    • C. 

      The Red Scare

    • D. 

      The Great Depression

  • 34. 
    President Roosevelt was hesitant to intervene in the Spanish Civil War because:
    • A. 

      Catholics favored the Spanish Republic

    • B. 

      The Neutrality Act of 1938 forbade intervention

    • C. 

      He wanted to keep the fight localized

    • D. 

      Germany and Italy were supporting the Spanish Republic

  • 35. 
    The 1939 Neutrality Act’s cash-and-carry provision:
    • A. 

      Permitted the United States to sell arms to Britain and France as long as they paid up-front and allowed American ships to deliver the purchase

    • B. 

      Prohibited all arms exports, even to countries with cash who could carry them on their own ships

    • C. 

      Was removed from the final bill due to isolationist opposition to permitting any trade with warring nations

    • D. 

      Permitted the United States to sell arms to Britain and France if they paid up-front and carried their purchases on their own ships

  • 36. 
    The 1940 agreement between the United States and Britain permitted the United States to give England fifty destroyers in exchange for British bases in the Caribbean.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    The Atlantic Charter included all the following principles EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Freedom of the seas

    • B. 

      Economic cooperation

    • C. 

      The elimination of communism

    • D. 

      Self-determination for all peoples

  • 38. 
    The Atlantic Charter stated definitively that the United States would remain neutral in Britain’s war against Germany.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    The Atlantic Charter:
    • A. 

      Was a joint British-American statement of anti-Axis war aims

    • B. 

      Reaffirmed American neutrality in the wars in Europe and Asia

    • C. 

      Is another name for the American declaration of war against Germany

    • D. 

      Advocated expanding the war in Europe to fight communism

  • 40. 
    The cash-and-carry provision of the 1937 Neutrality Law permitted belligerent nations to purchase American goods, including arms and munitions, as long as they were transported on the belligerent nation’s own ships.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    The German occupation of Czechoslovakia had what effect on Roosevelt?
    • A. 

      It intensified his isolationist sentiments and desire to stay out of Europe’s problems.

    • B. 

      He no longer professed impartiality in the impending European struggle.

    • C. 

      He worked to appease Hitler to avoid further conquests.

    • D. 

      He blamed Czechoslovakia for provoking the attack.

  • 42. 
    The Great Depression and the economic struggles it caused during the early 1930s generally made Americans:
    • A. 

      More supportive of foreign interventions

    • B. 

      More isolationist in sentiment

    • C. 

      More internationalist

    • D. 

      More supportive of joining the League of Nations

  • 43. 
    The Kellogg-Briand Pact:
    • A. 

      Reduced the Allied war debt

    • B. 

      Outlawed war as an instrument of national policy among the signatories

    • C. 

      Limited the size of America’s standing army

    • D. 

      Was defeated in the Senate

  • 44. 
    The Marco Polo Bridge incident brought Japan to war against what country?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      The United States

    • D. 

      Korea

  • 45. 
    The Neutrality Act of 1935:
    • A. 

      Was directed against Japanese aggression in China

    • B. 

      Allowed the U.S. Navy to stop and search German ships on the high seas

    • C. 

      Permitted the United States to sell arms and munitions to warring nations to ensure the United States did not have to get involved

    • D. 

      Forbade the sale of arms and munitions to warring nations

  • 46. 
    The Nine-Power Treaty pledged the signers to:
    • A. 

      Support the Boxer Rebellion

    • B. 

      Support the principle of the Open Door

    • C. 

      Commit signatory nations to keeping troops in China

    • D. 

      Renounce the Open Door

  • 47. 
    The Nye committee:
    • A. 

      Investigated and criticized the role that bankers and munitions makers played in America’s entry into World War I

    • B. 

      Recommended that Europeans appease Hitler by allowing him to annex Czechoslovakia

    • C. 

      Compiled an official list of America’s international obligations under existing treaties

    • D. 

      Praised the role that bankers and munitions makers played in applying their resources to protect national security

  • 48. 
    The offensives Italy launched in 1940 against Greece and British forces in Egypt:
    • A. 

      Went poorly and required German assistance

    • B. 

      Prevented the Germans from suffering an embarrassing defeat at the hands of the British

    • C. 

      Proved to be a wildly successful demonstration of Italian power

    • D. 

      Forced France to enter the war

  • 49. 
    The Panay incident:
    • A. 

      Was the event that sparked the war between Japan and China

    • B. 

      Was a Japanese attack on an American ship in China

    • C. 

      Was the event that sparked the war between Japan and the United States

    • D. 

      Was a Japanese attack on the British embassy in Tokyo

  • 50. 
    The passage of the lend-lease bill in 1941 signaled what about American opinion?
    • A. 

      Internationalist sentiment was weakening.

    • B. 

      The president lost control over Congress.

    • C. 

      Isolationist strength was weakening.

    • D. 

      Americans paid little attention to the European war.

  • 51. 
    The Roosevelt administration’s desire to renew diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1933:
    • A. 

      Reflected the administration’s isolationist leanings

    • B. 

      Proved the administration preferred communism

    • C. 

      Reflected an effort to increase foreign markets

    • D. 

      Was blocked by Congress

  • 52. 
    The Trade Agreements Act of 1934:
    • A. 

      Allowed the president to lower tariff rates significantly for countries that did the same for American goods

    • B. 

      Suspended all U.S. tariffs on imported goods

    • C. 

      Raised tariffs on all imports into the United States

    • D. 

      Removed all authority over international trade from the president and gave it to Congress

  • 53. 
    The United States offered no substantive help to China after the Japanese conquered Manchuria in 1931–1932.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 54. 
    The United States refused to implement any punitive measures against Japan following its establishment of a protectorate over French Indochina in 1941.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 55. 
    The “good neighbor” polices of the 1920s and 1930s saw the United States permanently remove all its troops from Latin America
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    Through the lend-lease bill, passed in March 1934, “any country whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States”:
    • A. 

      Could receive American military equipment, supplies, and other necessary materials if they rented them at fair market value

    • B. 

      Could purchase American military equipment, supplies, and other necessary materials made available through Canada

    • C. 

      Must declare war on Germany in order to be eligible for American material support

    • D. 

      Could receive military equipment, supplies, and other necessary materials even if that country lacked the funds to pay for those items

  • 57. 
    What agreement that Hitler personally agreed to was broken with the decision to conquer Czechoslovakia in 1939?
    • A. 

      The Kellogg-Briand Pact

    • B. 

      The Nine-Power Treaty

    • C. 

      The Trade Agreements Act

    • D. 

      The Munich agreement

  • 58. 
    What did the governments of Italy and Germany have in common by the 1930s?
    • A. 

      Both had established communist forms of government.

    • B. 

      Both had thriving liberal democracies.

    • C. 

      Both had strong monarchies.

    • D. 

      Both had established Fascist forms of government.

  • 59. 
    What significant objective motivated Japanese expansion into Southeast Asia and the Pacific during 1940–1941?
    • A. 

      An intention to provoke the United States to attack Japan first

    • B. 

      The priority of defeating Chinese guerrilla fighters operating in Indochina

    • C. 

      A desire to reobtain the Philippines from the United States, which had seized the islands from Japan

    • D. 

      The expansion’s provision of access to vitally needed oil, rubber, and other strategic materials

  • 60. 
    Which of the following countries was NOT an Axis power by June 1941?
    • A. 

      Italy

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Hungary

    • D. 

      Bulgaria

  • 61. 
    Which of the following is an American organization founded in the early 1920s to promote international peace?
    • A. 

      League of Nations

    • B. 

      United Nations

    • C. 

      American Committee for the Outlawry of War

    • D. 

      Kellogg-Briand group

  • 62. 
    Which of the following statements about the 1940 presidential election is true?
    • A. 

      Franklin Roosevelt named a Republican as his vice-presidential running mate in the name of national unity.

    • B. 

      Franklin Roosevelt became the first sitting president to lose a reelection bid in the midst of a national crisis.

    • C. 

      Republican Thomas Dewey defeated Franklin Roosevelt in a landslide.

    • D. 

      Franklin Roosevelt became the only president to run for and win a third term.

  • 63. 
    Which of the following statements about the attack on Pearl Harbor is NOT true?
    • A. 

      It was one part of a larger Japanese offensive launched into Southeast Asia and the Pacific.

    • B. 

      A specific attack on Pearl Harbor had been long expected by American officials.

    • C. 

      The attack killed more than 2,400 U.S. servicemen and sank nineteen ships.

    • D. 

      The attack ignored onshore facilities and oil tanks.

  • 64. 
    Which of the following statements about the European war between June 1940 and June 1941 is true?
    • A. 

      Italy was unwilling to enter the war despite the alliance with Germany.

    • B. 

      The British defeated the Axis in Egypt and Libya, but at great cost.

    • C. 

      Momentum seemed to shift from the Germans to the British.

    • D. 

      The Nazi juggernaut appeared unstoppable.

  • 65. 
    Which statement accurately describes the treaties that came out of the Washington naval-armaments conference of 1921–1922?
    • A. 

      They effectively ensured international cooperation and preserved international peace throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s.

    • B. 

      Their strict stipulations and rigorous enforcement mechanisms ended up only encouraging international disagreement and conflict.

    • C. 

      They effectively outlawed war among all the signatories.

    • D. 

      They were actually without obligation and without mechanisms for enforcement, and ultimately proved ineffective.