The Digestive System: Chapter 23

67 Questions  I  By Marycruzmartinez
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Digestive System Quizzes & Trivia
Anatomy

  
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  • 1. 
    The digestive system is divided into two groups:
    • A. 

      Anal group

    • B. 

      Alimentary canal

    • C. 

      Accessory digestive organs

    • D. 

      Both: alimentary canal & accessory digestive orgnas


  • 2. 
    Alimentary canal consist of?
    • A. 

      Mouth, Pharynx only

    • B. 

      Esophagus, Pharynx, Mouth only

    • C. 

      Stomach, small intestine, and large intestine only

    • D. 

      All: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine


  • 3. 
    Accessory digestive orgnas consist of?
    • A. 

      Mouth and Pharynx only

    • B. 

      Teeth and tongue

    • C. 

      Gall bladder, Salivary glands, liver and pancreas

    • D. 

      All: Teeth, tongue, gall bladder, salivary glands, liver and pancreas


  • 4. 
    Digestion process is?
    • A. 

      Ingestion, Mechanical digestion, Propulsion (peritalsis), Absorption, Defecation, Chemical digesgetion

    • B. 

      Igestion, Propulsion (peristalis), Mechanical digestion, Chemical digestion, Absorption, Defecation.

    • C. 

      IPMCAD

    • D. 

      Both b and c


  • 5. 
    During Mechanical digestion what occurs?
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Segmentation/ (churning)


  • 6. 
    The mouth due to chemical digestion breaks down?
    • A. 

      Carbs

    • B. 

      Protiens


  • 7. 
    The Stomach due to chemical digestion breaks down?
    • A. 

      Carbs only

    • B. 

      Protiens


  • 8. 
    The Small intestine due to chemical digestion breaks down?
    • A. 

      Carbs

    • B. 

      Protiens only

    • C. 

      Fats

    • D. 

      All: Carbs, Protien, & Fats


  • 9. 
    The esophagus is an example of?
    • A. 

      Segmentaion

    • B. 

      Peristalsis


  • 10. 
    The Alimentary Canal Wall has the same four layers from the ?
    • A. 

      Pharynx to the small intestine

    • B. 

      Esophagus to the anus


  • 11. 
    THe four layers from the esophagus to anus are?
    • A. 

      Mucosa: Epithelium, Lamina propria, Muscularis mucosae

    • B. 

      Submucosa

    • C. 

      Muscularis Externa

    • D. 

      Serosa: visceral peritoneum

    • E. 

      All: Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscularis Externa, Serosa


  • 12. 
    Smooth muscle is found in?
    • A. 

      Only the small intestine

    • B. 

      Walls of viscera: longitudinal layer & Circular layer


  • 13. 
    Smooth muslce in the digestive system are innervated by?
    • A. 

      ANS: PNS & SNS

    • B. 

      SOmatic efferent system


  • 14. 
    Smooth muscle contracts as a ?
    • A. 

      Sheet of smooth muscle contracts as a unit

    • B. 

      Sheet of smooth muscle conrtacts as a subunit


  • 15. 
    Nerve Plexuses contains?
    • A. 

      Myenteric nerve plexus

    • B. 

      Submucosal nerve plexus

    • C. 

      Innervation

    • D. 

      Myenteric nerve plexus, Submucosal nerve plexus, Innervation


  • 16. 
    Myenteric nerve plexus controls?
    • A. 

      Peristalsis

    • B. 

      Segmentation

    • C. 

      Both Peristalsis (Propulsion) & Sementation (Mechanical digestion)


  • 17. 
    Submucosal nerve plexus  signals?
    • A. 

      Gland to secrete

    • B. 

      Small intestine to contract

    • C. 

      Large intestine to contract


  • 18. 
    Innervation happens due too?
    • A. 

      Sympathetic & Parasympathetic motor fibers

    • B. 

      Sympathetic motor fibers only

    • C. 

      Visceral sensory fibers: sensation

    • D. 

      Both a and c


  • 19. 
    Messentry is a?
    • A. 

      A double layer of peritoneum

    • B. 

      A double layer of Peritoneal


  • 20. 
    Messentry does what to organs?
    • A. 

      Separates them

    • B. 

      Holds them in place

    • C. 

      Provides routes for circulatory vessels and nerves

    • D. 

      Both a and c

    • E. 

      Both b and c


  • 21. 
    Peritoneum cotains?
    • A. 

      Visceral Peritoneum and Parietal Peritoneum

    • B. 

      Only Parietal pPeritoneum


  • 22. 
    Peritoneal cavity is?
    • A. 

      A slit like space

    • B. 

      Between Parietal Peritoneum and Visceral Peritoneum

    • C. 

      Both a and b


  • 23. 
    Peritonitis is the?
    • A. 

      Shrinking of the peritoneum

    • B. 

      Inflammation of the peritoneum


  • 24. 
    Kidneya are?
    • A. 

      Behind the peritoneum

    • B. 

      Retroperitoneal orgnas

    • C. 

      Both a and b


  • 25. 
    Which organs in the body are Peritoneal organs?
    • A. 

      Digestive organs

    • B. 

      The Cranium


  • 26. 
    Greater Omentum overlaps over the abdomina organs while the Lesser Organs attaches the the lesser curvature of the stomach.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 27. 
    All of the following is correct about the Mouth except?
    • A. 

      Contains a Mucosal layer: Stratified squamos epithelium

    • B. 

      Is an Accesory digestive organ

    • C. 

      Is part of the Alimentary Canal


  • 28. 
    The lips and the cheeks are formed by what muscles?
    • A. 

      Orbicularis oris

    • B. 

      Buccinator muscle only

    • C. 

      Both: Orbircularis Oris & Buccinator muscle


  • 29. 
    Everything about the tongue is true except?
    • A. 

      It has interlacing fascicles of skeletal muscles

    • B. 

      Grips food & repostions it

    • C. 

      Intrisic muscles are within (internal)

    • D. 

      Extrinsic muscles are Externally (outside)

    • E. 

      The are part of the alimentary canal

    • F. 

      Contains Lingual frenulum to secure it to the floor of the mouth


  • 30. 
    All of the following about the tongue is correct except?
    • A. 

      It contains Tongue Papilla: Filiform (texture) Fungiform & Circumvallate papillae

    • B. 

      Contains a Sulcus Terminalis: between mouth and pharynx

    • C. 

      Posterior 1/3 of tongue lies in the larypharynx

    • D. 

      Posterior 1/3 of tongue lies in the orogpahrynx


  • 31. 
    Which of the following statements about teeth is correct?
    • A. 

      Deciduous teeth-20 teeth

    • B. 

      Permanent teeth-32 teeth

    • C. 

      Both statements are correct


  • 32. 
    The Salivary Glands produce?
    • A. 

      Taste

    • B. 

      Saliva


  • 33. 
    Salivary glands is a compound of?
    • A. 

      Minerals

    • B. 

      Tubuloalveolar glands


  • 34. 
    Tubuloalveolar glands consist of?
    • A. 

      Parotid glands only

    • B. 

      Submandibular glands

    • C. 

      Sublingual glands

    • D. 

      All three: Parotid gland, Submandibular gland, Sublingual gland


  • 35. 
    What is the biggest Tubuloalveolar gland?
    • A. 

      Submandibular gland

    • B. 

      Sublingual gland

    • C. 

      Parotid glands


  • 36. 
    Most of the alimentray canal is lined with?
    • A. 

      SSE

    • B. 

      Stratified Squamous Epithelum

    • C. 

      Both: SSE & Stratified Squamos Epithelum


  • 37. 
    What part of the Pharynx passes air and food?
    • A. 

      Ororpharynx

    • B. 

      Laryngopharynx

    • C. 

      Nasopharynx

    • D. 

      Only Oropharynx & Laryngopharynx


  • 38. 
    The Esophagus gross anatomy is?
    • A. 

      Muscular sac

    • B. 

      Muscular tube


  • 39. 
    The Esophagus contains a?
    • A. 

      Helene cartalige sphincter

    • B. 

      Cardiac Sphincter


  • 40. 
    The Esophagus contains?
    • A. 

      Epithelium: SSE

    • B. 

      Mucous glands

    • C. 

      Muscularis externa

    • D. 

      Adventitia

    • E. 

      All: Epithelium, Mucous gland, Muscularis externa, Adventitia


  • 41. 
    The Stomach is the site where?
    • A. 

      Food is churned into chyme

    • B. 

      Pepsin begins protein digestion

    • C. 

      The acidic cointion is low PH

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 42. 
    Microscopic anatomy of the stomach includes?
    • A. 

      Muscularis has three layer: Circular, Longitudinal and oblique layer

    • B. 

      Epithelium

    • C. 

      Mucosa-gastric pits

    • D. 

      Gastric glands

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 43. 
    Gastric glands of fundus and body include the following cells?
    • A. 

      Mucouse neck cells

    • B. 

      Parietal (oxyntic) cells

    • C. 

      Chief (zymogenic)cells

    • D. 

      All: Mucouse neck cells, Parietal (oxynitic) cells, & Chief (zymogenic) cells


  • 44. 
    Mucous neck cells secrete?
    • A. 

      A special mucus

    • B. 

      A special gas


  • 45. 
    Parietal (oxyntic) cells secrete?
    • A. 

      Hydorchloric acid:HCL

    • B. 

      Gastric intrinsic factor

    • C. 

      Both: Hydrochloric acid: HCL & Gastric intrinsic factor


  • 46. 
    Chief (zymogenic) cells secrete?
    • A. 

      Pepsinogen

    • B. 

      Pepesinogen + HCL -> Pepsin (active form)


  • 47. 
    The small intestine is the?
    • A. 

      Shortest portion of the alimentary canal

    • B. 

      Longest portion of the alimentary canal


  • 48. 
    In the Small intestine what occurs?
    • A. 

      Chemical (enzymatic) digestion and absorption

    • B. 

      Mechanical digestion and absorption


  • 49. 
    The three parts of the Small intestine are?
    • A. 

      Duodenum

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Ileum

    • D. 

      All: Duodenum, Jejunum, & Ileum


  • 50. 
    The Duodenum recieves?
    • A. 

      Digestive enzymes and bile

    • B. 

      Only digestive enzymes


  • 51. 
    The Duodenum is connected to the?
    • A. 

      Pancreatic duct

    • B. 

      Common bile duct

    • C. 

      Both Pancreatic duct & Common bile duct


  • 52. 
    In the Duodenum there are sphincters that control entry of?
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Pancreatic juices

    • C. 

      Both: bile & pancreatic juices


  • 53. 
    The Small intestine modification for absorption includes?
    • A. 

      Circular folds

    • B. 

      Villi

    • C. 

      Microvilli

    • D. 

      All: Circular folds, Villi, Microvilli


  • 54. 
    Microvilli increase what?
    • A. 

      Increase surface area for absorption

    • B. 

      Decrease surface area for absorpion

    • C. 

      Creates the brush border

    • D. 

      Destroys the brush border

    • E. 

      Microvili increases surface area for absorption and creates the brush border


  • 55. 
    The intestinal wall contains?
    • A. 

      Absorptive cells: uptake digested nutrients

    • B. 

      Goblet cells: secretes mucus

    • C. 

      Enteroendocrine cells: secrete hormones

    • D. 

      Intestinal crypts: secrete intestinal juice (chemical digestion)

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 56. 
    The large intestine is incharge of?
    • A. 

      Small amount of digestion done by bacteria

    • B. 

      Main function is Absorb water & Electrolytes

    • C. 

      Main function is produce vitamin K (bacteria)

    • D. 

      Mass peristaltic movement: foces feces toward rectum

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 57. 
    Special features of the Large intestine are?
    • A. 

      Teniae coli

    • B. 

      Haustra

    • C. 

      Epiploic appendages

    • D. 

      Teniae coli, Haustra, & Epiploic appendages


  • 58. 
    The Large intestine has?
    • A. 

      Cecum

    • B. 

      Vermiform appendix

    • C. 

      Colon: Ascending, Transverse, Descending, Sigmoid Colon

    • D. 

      Rectum

    • E. 

      Anal Canal

    • F. 

      All of the above


  • 59. 
    The Anal Canal is the?
    • A. 

      Last subdivision of the large intestine

    • B. 

      First subdivision of the large intestine


  • 60. 
    The Large intestine does not contain?
    • A. 

      Villi

    • B. 

      Gas


  • 61. 
    The large intestine contains?
    • A. 

      Numerouse goblet cells

    • B. 

      Simple columnar epithelia tissue

    • C. 

      Stratified squamous epithelium

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 62. 
    The Liver is?
    • A. 

      The larges gland in the body

    • B. 

      Digestive function: Bile production & Emulsifies fats

    • C. 

      All of the above


  • 63. 
    The livers functional cell is called?
    • A. 

      Hepatocytes

    • B. 

      Hepa


  • 64. 
    The Gallbladder stores and concentrates?
    • A. 

      Bile

    • B. 

      Mile


  • 65. 
    Bile emusifies?
    • A. 

      Salt

    • B. 

      Fats


  • 66. 
    The Gallbladder releases?
    • A. 

      Cholecystokinin

    • B. 

      Chole


  • 67. 
    The Pancreas regulates?
    • A. 

      Acinar cells

    • B. 

      Insulin & glucagon

    • C. 

      Regulares blood sugar

    • D. 

      All of the above


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