Test #4

34 Questions  I  By SMP0113
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Atmosphere Quizzes & Trivia
Ground Water Running Water Glaciers Wind Shoreline Processes

  
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  • 1. 
    The release of water vapor into the atmosphere by plants is called
    • A. 

      Degassing

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Transpiration

    • D. 

      Infiltration


  • 2. 
    Which of the following does not influence stream velocity?
    • A. 

      Channel width

    • B. 

      Gradient

    • C. 

      Channel length

    • D. 

      Channel depth


  • 3. 
    At a bend in a river, the main erosion is
    • A. 

      On the outside of the bend

    • B. 

      At an oxbow lake

    • C. 

      On the inside and outside

    • D. 

      On the inside of the bend


  • 4. 
    At a bend in a river, the main erosion is 
    • A. 

      On the outside of the bend

    • B. 

      On the inside and outside

    • C. 

      On the inside of the bend

    • D. 

      At an oxbow lake


  • 5. 
    A river originates 800 meters above sea level and travels 800 kilometers to the ocean. What is the average gradient in meters per kilometers?
    • A. 

      1.0m/km

    • B. 

      2.0m/km

    • C. 

      0.5m/km

    • D. 

      None of these


  • 6. 
    The continuous movement of water from the oceans to the atmosphere, from the atmosphere to the land, and from the land to sea is known as
    • A. 

      Evaporation

    • B. 

      Atmospheric cycle

    • C. 

      Kreb's cycle

    • D. 

      Water cycle/hydrologic cycle


  • 7. 
    What is the driving force/mechanism behind this cycle? (hydrologic cycle)
    • A. 

      The weather cycle

    • B. 

      Solar energy

    • C. 

      Earth's rotation

    • D. 

      The tides


  • 8. 
    The rate at which surface material absorb water is called
    • A. 

      Porosity

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Infiltration capacity

    • D. 

      Transpiration


  • 9. 
    Which of these factors influence this (infiltration capacity)
    • A. 

      The tides

    • B. 

      Intensity of precipitation

    • C. 

      The earth's rotation

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 10. 
    The kind of energy that flood water behind sand bags possess is called
    • A. 

      Channel

    • B. 

      Sheet

    • C. 

      Potential

    • D. 

      Kinetic


  • 11. 
    What causes material to be either a suspended load or a bed load?
    • A. 

      The velocity of the river

    • B. 

      The thickness of the water

    • C. 

      Clarity of the water

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 12. 
    (look at test) Which of the three river channels would more than likely have the fastest velocities if all other characteristics are in equilibrium?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C


  • 13. 
    The total volume of water moving past a particular point within a given amount of time is called
    • A. 

      Sheet flow

    • B. 

      Channel flow

    • C. 

      Water velocity

    • D. 

      Discharge


  • 14. 
    As a stream's discharge increases
    • A. 

      Only velocity decreases

    • B. 

      Velocity, width, and depth increase

    • C. 

      Velocity, width, and depth decrease

    • D. 

      Length of the river increases


  • 15. 
    Calculate the following streams discharge? Velocity= 5 meters per second Depth= 2 meters Width= 5 meters
    • A. 

      20 cubic meters per second

    • B. 

      10 cubic meters per second

    • C. 

      50 cubic meters per second

    • D. 

      100 cubic meters per second


  • 16. 
    The most common river channel drainage pattern and the one that resembles a tree branch is called
    • A. 

      Radial drainage

    • B. 

      Trellis drainage

    • C. 

      Rectangular drainage

    • D. 

      Dendritic drainage


  • 17. 
    (look at test) Which of these figures has a higher porosity?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      All the same


  • 18. 
    The boundary between the zone of aeration and zone of saturation is the 
    • A. 

      Cone of depression

    • B. 

      Water table

    • C. 

      Aquiclude

    • D. 

      Capillary fringe


  • 19. 
    When water is pumped from a well, a depression is often produced in the water table. Such a depression is a(n)
    • A. 

      Cone of depression

    • B. 

      Perched water table

    • C. 

      Pumping dimple

    • D. 

      Aquifer


  • 20. 
    Well sorted and well rounded sands and gravel have a 
    • A. 

      High porosity and low permeability

    • B. 

      High porosity and high permeability

    • C. 

      Low porosity and high permeability


  • 21. 
    Starkville, MS is located in what hemispheres?
    • A. 

      Southern and Western

    • B. 

      Southern and Eastern

    • C. 

      Northern and Eastern

    • D. 

      Northern and Western


  • 22. 
    Water will move
    • A. 

      From low pressure to areas of high pressure

    • B. 

      From high pressure to areas of low pressure

    • C. 

      Pressure does not play a role

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 23. 
    A condition that is necessary for an ice mass to be classified as a glacier
    • A. 

      Lots of ice

    • B. 

      Lots of snow

    • C. 

      Flowing of the mass

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 24. 
    Glaciers can cause heavy
    • A. 

      Transport of sediment

    • B. 

      Erosion of sediment

    • C. 

      Deposition of sediment

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 25. 
    Of the two types of glaciers which type covers the most area?
    • A. 

      Valley

    • B. 

      Southern

    • C. 

      Continental

    • D. 

      Northern


  • 26. 
    Which of the following are glacial erosion and transport methods?
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Sheet Flow

    • C. 

      Bulldozing

    • D. 

      Plucking

    • E. 

      A, C, and D


  • 27. 
    Is wind or water more capable of carrying sand as a suspended load?
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Neither


  • 28. 
    The removal of loose surface sediment by wind that leaves shallow depressions is called 
    • A. 

      Deflation

    • B. 

      Abrasion

    • C. 

      Sublimination

    • D. 

      Transpiration


  • 29. 
    Of the two types of wind deposits which are deposited over large areas downwind from source
    • A. 

      Dunes

    • B. 

      Sand Bars

    • C. 

      Pit bars

    • D. 

      Loess


  • 30. 
    What type of weather is in deserts?
    • A. 

      Arid and Hot

    • B. 

      Humid and Hot


  • 31. 
    What is the most important erosional agent in a desert?
    • A. 

      Glaciers

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 32. 
    (Look at test) Where on this figure would the stream/river velocity be the fastest?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      All are fast


  • 33. 
    The surface of the oceans rise and fall daily in response to gravitational attraction of the moon and sun. What do we call the rise and fall tides?
    • A. 

      Rise=springtide, fall=neap tide

    • B. 

      Rise=flood tide, fall=ebb tide

    • C. 

      Rise=ebb tide, fall=flood tide

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 34. 
    If you want your local beach to contain the same amount of sand and look the same each year, you would want a _____ nearshore sediment budget. 
    • A. 

      Balanced

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Positive

    • D. 

      Both a and b


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