Test 1 Biology 100

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 Test 1 Biology 100
Chapters 1, 2, 4, 14

  
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1.  The smallest particle into which a substance can be divided and still retain all of its chemical properties is
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Scientists employ                              at the very beginning of the scientific process
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  At each level of the hierachy of all living things, properties occur that were not present at the simpler levels. These properties are referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  Atoms are held together by a force called a bond. The three types of bonds are
A.
B.
C.
D.
5.  In classification, the taxonomic group just below family is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The wolf, domestic dog, and red fox are all in the same family, Canidae. The scientific name for the wolf is Canis lupus, the domestic dog is Canis familiaris and the red fox is Vulpes vulpes. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  All classification systems for organisms are based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Living things are organized. Choose the answer that illustrates this complexity, and is arranged from smallest to largest.
A.
B.
C.
D.
10.  Which of the following domains only contain one kingdom?
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Water has some very unusual properties. These properties occur because
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  ______________ is the process of the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring.
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  It is thought that two important organelles of eukaryotic cells came from
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  All organisms possess a genetic system that is based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Which organism would you most likely find in the most extreme habitats on earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Bacteria are also known as prokaryotic cells because
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  Which of the following is found in the plant cells but NOT animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Two organelles that are believes to have once been free living bacteria cells are ____________ and _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  Why are donkeys & horses considered different species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  Active transport of certain molecules involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  The partial separation of charge in the water molecule
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Oxidative metabolism takes place in the ______________ of the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The person responsible for the current scheme for grouping organisms is
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  The test of a hypothesis is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  Choose the highest, most inclusive category
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  The nucleus of the eukaryotic cell functions
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Choose the property that is NOT common to all living things.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  All living things are able to maintain stable internal conditions, whether they are unicellular, or complex, multicellular organisms. This property is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Select the scientific name from the following names
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The scientific names we use to identify organsims are in the form of
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  Carbon has four electrons in its outer electron shell, therefore
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The gene theory states that all the information that specifies what a cell is and what it does
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  When large molecules such as food particles need to get into a cell, they cannot easily pass through the plasma membrane and so they move across the membrane through the processes of
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Organisms in the domain Bacteria are different than organisms in the Archaea domain because
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  One difference between the kingdom Protista and the other three kingdoms in the domain Eukarya is that the other kingdoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  The plasma membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  Until fairly recently it was thought that only the nucleus of each cell contained DNA. We now know that DNA is also carried in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Biologists categorize all living things based on related characteristics into large groups called
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The six kingdoms of organisms can be organized into three domains based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  All of the extremophiles belong to the domain of
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  The proper order for the hierarchy of increasing complexity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  An atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons is
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  Which of the following is not a type of cytoskeletal fiber?
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  Cell theory includes the principle that
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Water sometimes ionizes, a single molecule breaking apart into a hydrogen ion and a hydroxide ion. Other materials may dissociate in water, resulting in an increase of either (1) hydrogen ions or (2) hydroxide ions in the solution. We call the results
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The evolutionary relationship of an organism and its relationship to other species are its
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Within the nucleus of a cell you can find
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  _______________    function in the collection, packaging, and distribution of molecules made in the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Select the membrane molecule that is made up of a polar region with two nonpolar fatty acid tails.
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  If you put a drop of food coloring into a glass of water, the drop of color will
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  An extensive system of internal membranes, called the ________________ , is where carbs and lipids are maufactured, and proteins are made that will be exported from the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The process of using and transforming energy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Which kingdom only contains multicellular organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  It is theorized that the ancestral organism for the plants, animals, and fungi originated in the kingdom
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Cell theory states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The attraction of water molecules to other water molecules is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  One organelle, called a _____________, contains enzymes that digest worn out parts of cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The proper order for the scienific process is
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which of the following properties are somehow related to the need for significant thermal energy to break hydrogen bonds?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The five general biological themes include
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  When you are trying to understand something new you begin by observation, and then put the observations together in a logical fashion to form a general principle. This method is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Organisms that have cells with a relatively uniform cytoplasm and no nucleus are called ________________, and organisms whose cells have organelles and a nucleus are called ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  Which of the following sets of kingdoms contain organisms that are capable of photosynthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  Which of the following statements is correct regarding a hypothesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  When trying to figure out explanations for observations, you usually construct a series of possible hypotheses. Then you make predictions of what will happen if each hypothesis is true, and
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  The endomembrane system within a cell includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  A buffer acts in all but which of the following ways?
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Living things can be distinguished from nonliving things because they have
A.
B.
C.
D.
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