Test 1 Biology 100

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 Test 1 Biology 100
Chapters 1, 2, 4, 14

  
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  • 1. 
    Choose the property that is NOT common to all living things.
    • A. 

      Thought

    • B. 

      Metabolism

    • C. 

      Cellular organization

    • D. 

      Homeostasis


  • 2. 
    All living things are able to maintain stable internal conditions, whether they are unicellular, or complex, multicellular organisms. This property is called
    • A. 

      Metabolsim

    • B. 

      Homesostasis

    • C. 

      Heredity

    • D. 

      Cellular organization


  • 3. 
    Scientists employ                              at the very beginning of the scientific process
    • A. 

      Observation

    • B. 

      Deduction

    • C. 

      Prediction

    • D. 

      Experimentation


  • 4. 
    The proper order for the scienific process is
    • A. 

      Predictions-experiment-observation-hypothesis

    • B. 

      Experiment-observation-prediction-hypothesis

    • C. 

      Hypothesis-observation-experiment-predictions

    • D. 

      Observation-hypothesis-predictions-experiment


  • 5. 
    All organisms possess a genetic system that is based on
    • A. 

      RNA

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Cells


  • 6. 
    The proper order for the hierarchy of increasing complexity is
    • A. 

      Organelles-cells-molecules-tissues-organs

    • B. 

      Cells-molecules-organs-tissues-organelles

    • C. 

      Molecules-organelles-cells-tissues-organs

    • D. 

      Organs-organelles-cells-molecules-tissues


  • 7. 
    The test of a hypothesis is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Control

    • B. 

      Experiment

    • C. 

      Variable

    • D. 

      Prediction


  • 8. 
    At each level of the hierachy of all living things, properties occur that were not present at the simpler levels. These properties are referred to as
    • A. 

      Novelistic properties

    • B. 

      Incremental properties

    • C. 

      Complex properties

    • D. 

      Emergent properties


  • 9. 
    ______________ is the process of the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring.
    • A. 

      Movement

    • B. 

      Complexity

    • C. 

      Heredity

    • D. 

      Physiology


  • 10. 
    The process of using and transforming energy is:
    • A. 

      Response to stimulation

    • B. 

      Complexity

    • C. 

      Matabolism

    • D. 

      Homeostasis


  • 11. 
    The person responsible for the current scheme for grouping organisms is
    • A. 

      Aristotle

    • B. 

      Linneaus

    • C. 

      Darwin

    • D. 

      Malthus


  • 12. 
    The scientific names we use to identify organsims are in the form of
    • A. 

      Greek

    • B. 

      Polynomials

    • C. 

      Nicknames

    • D. 

      Binomials


  • 13. 
    Choose the highest, most inclusive category
    • A. 

      Order

    • B. 

      Family

    • C. 

      Genus

    • D. 

      Phylum


  • 14. 
    Select the scientific name from the following names
    • A. 

      Robin

    • B. 

      Tiger

    • C. 

      Marmota ( italicized)

    • D. 

      Apis mellifera (first word in CAPS ; both words italicized)


  • 15. 
    Which organism would you most likely find in the most extreme habitats on earth?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Animals

    • D. 

      Archaea


  • 16. 
    Which kingdom only contains multicellular organisms?
    • A. 

      Plantae

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      Archaea


  • 17. 
    Why are donkeys & horses considered different species?
    • A. 

      Because they have different life spans.

    • B. 

      Because they look different.

    • C. 

      Because there offspring cannot produce offspring.

    • D. 

      Because there are differences in there RNA

    • E. 

      Because there are differences in there DNA


  • 18. 
    Which of the following domains only contain one kingdom?
    • A. 

      Bacteria & fungi

    • B. 

      Archaea & bacteria

    • C. 

      Protista & animalia

    • D. 

      Animalia & plantae


  • 19. 
    Which of the following sets of kingdoms contain organisms that are capable of photosynthesis?
    • A. 

      Bacteria & fungi

    • B. 

      Archaea & animalia

    • C. 

      Protista & plantae

    • D. 

      Animalia & plantae


  • 20. 
    In classification, the taxonomic group just below family is
    • A. 

      Species

    • B. 

      Genus

    • C. 

      Order

    • D. 

      Class

    • E. 

      Phylum


  • 21. 
    Select the membrane molecule that is made up of a polar region with two nonpolar fatty acid tails.
    • A. 

      Phospholipids

    • B. 

      Cell surface proteins

    • C. 

      Transmembrane proteins

    • D. 

      Carbohydrate chains


  • 22. 
    The nucleus of the eukaryotic cell functions
    • A. 

      As the command center for the cell.

    • B. 

      To store the cell's heredity information.

    • C. 

      To house the nucleolus.

    • D. 

      All of the choices are correct.


  • 23. 
    An extensive system of internal membranes,called the ________________ , is where carbs and lipids are maufactured, and proteins are made that will be exported from the cell.
    • A. 

      Golgi Complex

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

    • D. 

      Mtochondria


  • 24. 
    _______________    function in the collection, packaging, and distribution of molecules made in the cell.
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Golgi bodies

    • D. 

      Vesicles


  • 25. 
    Two organelles that are believes to have once been free living bacteria cells are ____________ and _______________.
    • A. 

      Ribosomes; nucleolus

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts; mitochondria

    • C. 

      Peroxisomes; lysosomes

    • D. 

      Golgi complex; endoplasmic reticulum


  • 26. 
    Oxidative metabolism takes place in the ______________ of the cell.
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Peroxisomes

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Nucleus


  • 27. 
    One organelle, called a _____________, contains enzymes that digest worn out parts of cells.
    • A. 

      Golgi complex

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Vesicle

    • D. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum


  • 28. 
    Which of the following is found in the plant cells but NOT animal cells?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Lysosomes

    • C. 

      Golgi complex

    • D. 

      Central vacuole

    • E. 

      Chromosomes


  • 29. 
    Organisms that have cells with a relatively uniform cytoplasm and no nucleus are called ________________, and organisms whose cells have organelles and a nucleus are called ________________.
    • A. 

      Cellolose, nuclear

    • B. 

      Flagellated, streptococcal

    • C. 

      Eukaryotes, prokartyotes

    • D. 

      Prokaryotes, eukaryotes


  • 30. 
    Which of the following is not a type of cytoskeletal fiber?
    • A. 

      Microtubles

    • B. 

      Actin microfilaments

    • C. 

      Intermediate filaments

    • D. 

      Pili


  • 31. 
    Biologists categorize all living things based on related characteristics into large groups called
    • A. 

      Kingdoms

    • B. 

      Planets

    • C. 

      Courses

    • D. 

      Territories


  • 32. 
    Living things can be distinguished from nonliving things because they have
    • A. 

      Complexity

    • B. 

      Movement

    • C. 

      Cellular organization

    • D. 

      Response reactions to a stimulus.


  • 33. 
    Living things are organized. Choose the answer that illustrates this complexity, and is arranged from smallest to largest.
    • A. 

      Cell, atom, molecule, tissue, organelle, organ, organ system, organism, population, species, community, ecosystem

    • B. 

      Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, species, community, ecosystem

    • C. 

      Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, community, population, species, ecosystem

    • D. 

      Atom, molecule, cell wall, cell, organ, organism, species, population, community, ecosystem


  • 34. 
    The five general biological themes include
    • A. 

      Evolution, energy flow, competition, structure determines function, and homeostasis.

    • B. 

      Evolution, energy flow, cooperation, structure determines function, and homeostasis.

    • C. 

      Evolution, growth, competition, structure determines function, and homeostasis

    • D. 

      Evolution, growth, cooperation, structure determines function, and homeostasis.


  • 35. 
    When you are trying to understand something new you begin by observation, and then put the observations together in a logical fashion to form a general principle. This method is called
    • A. 

      Inductive reasoning.

    • B. 

      Rule enhancement.

    • C. 

      Theory production.

    • D. 

      Deductive reasoning.


  • 36. 
    When trying to figure out explanations for observations, you usually construct a series of possible hypotheses. Then you make predictions of what will happen if each hypothesis is true, and
    • A. 

      Test each hypothesis, using appropriate controls, to determine the truth.

    • B. 

      Test each hypothesis, using appropriate controls, to rule out as many as possible.

    • C. 

      Use logic to determine which hypothesis is most likely true.

    • D. 

      Use logic to determine which hypotheses are most likely false.


  • 37. 
    Which of the following statements is correct regarding a hypothesis?
    • A. 

      After sufficient testing you can conclude that it is true.

    • B. 

      After sufficient testing you can conclude that it is probably true.

    • C. 

      After sufficient testing you can accept it as probable, being aware that it may be revised or rejected in the future.

    • D. 

      You never have any degree of certainty that it is true, there are too many variables.


  • 38. 
    Cell theory states that
    • A. 

      All organisms have cell walls and all cell walls come from other cells.

    • B. 

      All cellular organisms undergo sexual reproduction.

    • C. 

      All living organisms use cells for energy, either their own or they ingest cells of other organisms.

    • D. 

      all living organisms consist of cells, and all cells come from other cells.


  • 39. 
    The gene theory states that all the information that specifies what a cell is and what it does
    • A. 

      Is passed down, unchanged, from mother to offspring

    • B. 

      Is passed down, unchanged, from parents to offspring.

    • C. 

      Is contained in a long molecule called DNA.

    • D. 

      Is contained in the body's nucleus.


  • 40. 
    The smallest particle into which a substance can be divided and still retain all of its chemical properties is
    • A. 

      Matter

    • B. 

      An atom

    • C. 

      A molecule

    • D. 

      Mass


  • 41. 

    An atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons is
    • A. 

      An isotope

    • B. 

      A neutron

    • C. 

      An ion

    • D. 

      Radioactive


  • 42. 
    Atoms are held together by a force called a bond. The three types of bonds are
    • A. 

      Positive, negative, and neutral.

    • B. 

      Ionic, doric, and corinthian.

    • C. 

      Magnetic, electric, and radioactive.

    • D. 

      Ionic, covalent, and hydrogen.


  • 43. 
    Carbon has four electrons in its outer electron shell, therefore
    • A. 

      It has a completely filled outer electron shell.

    • B. 

      It can form four single covalent bonds.

    • C. 

      It does not react with any other atom.

    • D. 

      It has a positive charge.


  • 44. 

    The partial separation of charge in the water molecule
    • A. 

      Results from the electrons' greater attraction to the oxygen atom.

    • B. 

      Results from oxygen's higher electronegativity

    • C. 

      Indicates that the water molecule is a polar molecule.

    • D. 

      All of these are correct.


  • 45. 
    Water has some very unusual properties. These properties occur because
    • A. 

      Of the hydrogen bonds between the individual water molecules.

    • B. 

      Of the covalent bonds within each individual water molecule.

    • C. 

      Of the hydrogen bonds within each individual water molecule

    • D. 

      Of the ionic bonds between the individual water molecules.


  • 46. 
    Which of the following properties are somehow related to the need for significant thermal energy to break hydrogen bonds?
    • A. 

      Cohesion and adhesion

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic and hydrophilic

    • C. 

      Heat storage and heat of vaporization

    • D. 

      Ice formation and high polarity


  • 47. 

    The attraction of water molecules to other water molecules is called
    • A. 

      Cohesion.

    • B. 

      Capillary action

    • C. 

      Solubility.

    • D. 

      Adhesion


  • 48. 
    Water sometimes ionizes, a single molecule breaking apart into a hydrogen ion and a hydroxide ion. Other materials may dissociate in water, resulting in an increase of either (1) hydrogen ions or (2) hydroxide ions in the solution. We call the results
    • A. 

      (1) acids and (2) bases.

    • B. 

      (1) bases and (2) acids.

    • C. 

      (1) neutral solutions and (2) neutronic solutions

    • D. 

      (1) hydrogen solutions and (2) hydroxide solutions.


  • 49. 
    A buffer acts in all but which of the following ways?
    • A. 

      To absorb H+ from the solution

    • B. 

      To maintain pH levels within a range

    • C. 

      to keep pH from ever changing

    • D. 

      To release H+ into the solution


  • 50. 
    Cell theory includes the principle that
    • A. 

      Cells are the smallest living things. Nothing smaller than a cell is considered alive.

    • B. 

      All cells are surrounded by cell walls that protect them.

    • C. 

      All organisms are made up of many cells arranged in specialized, functional groups.

    • D. 

      All cells are made of smaller subunits called organelles. Nothing smaller than an organelle is considered alive.


  • 51. 
    The plasma membrane
    • A. 

      Is a carbohydrate layer that surrounds groups of cells, called tissues, to protect them.

    • B. 

      Is a double lipid layer with proteins inserted in it, which surrounds every cell individually.

    • C. 

      Is a thin sheet of structural proteins that lines the inside of some body cavities.

    • D. 

      Is composed of blood plasma that has solidified into a protective barrier. is composed of blood plasma that has solidified into a protective barrier. is composed of blood plasma that has solidified into a protective barrier. is composed of blood plasma that has solidified into a protective barrier.


  • 52. 
    Within the nucleus of a cell you can find
    • A. 

      A nucleolus.

    • B. 

      Many ribosomes.

    • C. 

      A cytoskeleton.

    • D. 

      All of the above.


  • 53. 
    The endomembrane system within a cell includes
    • A. 

      The cytoskeleton and the ribosomes.

    • B. 

      The prokaryotes and the eukaryotes.

    • C. 

      The endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex.

    • D. 

      The mitochondria and the chloroplasts.


  • 54. 
    Until fairly recently it was thought that only the nucleus of each cell contained DNA. We now know that DNA is also carried in the
    • A. 

      Cytoskeleton and the ribosomes

    • B. 

      The prokaryotes and the eukaryotes.

    • C. 

      The endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi bodies.

    • D. 

      The mitochondria and the chloroplasts.


  • 55. 

    Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      All cells have a cell wall for protection and structure.

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic cells in plants and fungi, and all prokaryotes, have a cell wall.

    • C. 

      There is a second membrane composed of structural carbohydrates surrounding all cells.

    • D. 

      Prokaryotes and all cells of eukaryotic animals have a cell wall.


  • 56. 
    If you put a drop of food coloring into a glass of water, the drop of color will
    • A. 

      Fall to the bottom of the glass and sit there unless you stir the water; this is because of hydrogen bonds.

    • B. 

      Float on the top of the water, like oil, unless you stir the water; this is because of surface tension.

    • C. 

      Instantly disperse throughout the water; this is because of osmosis.

    • D. 

      Slowly disperse throughout the water; this is because of diffusion.


  • 57. 

    When large molecules such as food particles need to get into a cell, they cannot easily pass through the plasma membrane and so they move across the membrane through the processes of
    • A. 

      Diffusion and osmosis

    • B. 

      Endocytosis and phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Exocytosis and pinocytosis

    • D. 

      Permeability and reception


  • 58. 
    Active transport of certain molecules involves
    • A. 

      Diffusion and osmosis.

    • B. 

      Endocytosis and phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Exocytosis and pinocytosis

    • D. 

      Permeability and reception


  • 59. 
    The wolf, domestic dog, and red fox are all in the same family, Canidae. The scientific name for the wolf is Canis lupus, the domestic dog is Canis familiaris and the red fox is Vulpes vulpes. This means that
    • A. 

      The red fox is in the same family, but different genus than dogs and wolves.

    • B. 

      The dog is in the same family, but different genus than red fox and wolves.

    • C. 

      The wolf is in the same family, but different genus than dogs and red foxes.

    • D. 

      All three organisms are in different genera


  • 60. 

    The evolutionary relationship of an organism and its relationship to other species are its
    • A. 

      Taxonomy

    • B. 

      Phylogeny

    • C. 

      Ontogeny

    • D. 

      Systematic


  • 61. 
    All classification systems for organisms are based on
    • A. 

      Physical and chemical characteristics

    • B. 

      Where the organism lives

    • C. 

      What the organism eats

    • D. 

      The size of the organism


  • 62. 
    The six kingdoms of organisms can be organized into three domains based on
    • A. 

      Where the organism lives

    • B. 

      What the organism eats

    • C. 

      Cell structure

    • D. 

      Cell and DNA structure


  • 63. 
    All of the extremophiles belong to the domain of
    • A. 

      Bacteria.

    • B. 

      Archaea.

    • C. 

      Prokarya.

    • D. 

      Eukarya.


  • 64. 
    Bacteria are also known as prokaryotic cells because
    • A. 

      They are chemosynthetic

    • B. 

      They are unicellular

    • C. 

      They cause disease

    • D. 

      They do not have internal membrane system.


  • 65. 
    Organisms in the domain Bacteria are different than organisms in the Archaea domain because
    • A. 

      They are prokaryotes

    • B. 

      They have a nucleus

    • C. 

      They have cell walls that are made of different materials

    • D. 

      They have mitochondria


  • 66. 
    It is theorized that the ancestral organism for the plants, animals, and fungi originated in the kingdom
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Archaea

    • C. 

      Protista

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 67. 
    One difference between the kingdom Protista and the other three kingdoms in the domain Eukarya is that the other kingdoms are
    • A. 

      Chemosynthetic.

    • B. 

      Multicellular.

    • C. 

      Eukaryotic.

    • D. 

      Unicellular


  • 68. 

    It is thought that two important organelles of eukaryotic cells came from
    • A. 

      Development of the internal membrane system

    • B. 

      Ingestion of endosymbiotic protists

    • C. 

      Mutation

    • D. 

      Ingestion of endosymbiotic bacteria


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