Test 1 Biology 100

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TEST 1 BIOLOGY 100
Chapters 1, 2, 4, 14

  
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1.  The plasma membrane
A.
B.
C.
D.
2. 
When large molecules such as food particles need to get into a cell, they cannot easily pass through the plasma membrane and so they move across the membrane through the processes of
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  An extensive system of internal membranes, called the ________________ , is where carbs and lipids are maufactured, and proteins are made that will be exported from the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  All of the extremophiles belong to the domain of
A.
B.
C.
D.
5. 
Which of the following statements is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.  Bacteria are also known as prokaryotic cells because
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  The scientific names we use to identify organsims are in the form of
A.
B.
C.
D.
8.  Which of the following domains only contain one kingdom?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  In classification, the taxonomic group just below family is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10. 
An atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons is
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Which of the following statements is correct regarding a hypothesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
12. 
The evolutionary relationship of an organism and its relationship to other species are its
A.
B.
C.
D.
13.  Two organelles that are believes to have once been free living bacteria cells are ____________ and _______________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  The endomembrane system within a cell includes
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Water sometimes ionizes, a single molecule breaking apart into a hydrogen ion and a hydroxide ion. Other materials may dissociate in water, resulting in an increase of either (1) hydrogen ions or (2) hydroxide ions in the solution. We call the results
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Organisms in the domain Bacteria are different than organisms in the Archaea domain because
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  A buffer acts in all but which of the following ways?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Carbon has four electrons in its outer electron shell, therefore
A.
B.
C.
D.
19.  At each level of the hierachy of all living things, properties occur that were not present at the simpler levels. These properties are referred to as
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  If you put a drop of food coloring into a glass of water, the drop of color will
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  Living things are organized. Choose the answer that illustrates this complexity, and is arranged from smallest to largest.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The proper order for the hierarchy of increasing complexity is
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Water has some very unusual properties. These properties occur because
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Which of the following properties are somehow related to the need for significant thermal energy to break hydrogen bonds?
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  The process of using and transforming energy is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Active transport of certain molecules involves
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  When you are trying to understand something new you begin by observation, and then put the observations together in a logical fashion to form a general principle. This method is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
28. 
The partial separation of charge in the water molecule
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Which kingdom only contains multicellular organisms?
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  All classification systems for organisms are based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
31. 
It is thought that two important organelles of eukaryotic cells came from
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  ______________ is the process of the transmission of characteristics from parent to offspring.
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Oxidative metabolism takes place in the ______________ of the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  Within the nucleus of a cell you can find
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  The six kingdoms of organisms can be organized into three domains based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Which organism would you most likely find in the most extreme habitats on earth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  When trying to figure out explanations for observations, you usually construct a series of possible hypotheses. Then you make predictions of what will happen if each hypothesis is true, and
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Cell theory states that
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  All living things are able to maintain stable internal conditions, whether they are unicellular, or complex, multicellular organisms. This property is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  Cell theory includes the principle that
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  Choose the property that is NOT common to all living things.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  Choose the highest, most inclusive category
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  One difference between the kingdom Protista and the other three kingdoms in the domain Eukarya is that the other kingdoms are
A.
B.
C.
D.
44.  All organisms possess a genetic system that is based on
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  One organelle, called a _____________, contains enzymes that digest worn out parts of cells.
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  The test of a hypothesis is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
47. 
The attraction of water molecules to other water molecules is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  Select the scientific name from the following names
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Biologists categorize all living things based on related characteristics into large groups called
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.  The person responsible for the current scheme for grouping organisms is
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  Select the membrane molecule that is made up of a polar region with two nonpolar fatty acid tails.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  Scientists employ                              at the very beginning of the scientific process
A.
B.
C.
D.
53.  Why are donkeys & horses considered different species?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Which of the following sets of kingdoms contain organisms that are capable of photosynthesis?
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Which of the following is found in the plant cells but NOT animal cells?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Until fairly recently it was thought that only the nucleus of each cell contained DNA. We now know that DNA is also carried in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  Organisms that have cells with a relatively uniform cytoplasm and no nucleus are called ________________, and organisms whose cells have organelles and a nucleus are called ________________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  The nucleus of the eukaryotic cell functions
A.
B.
C.
D.
59.  Which of the following is not a type of cytoskeletal fiber?
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The five general biological themes include
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Living things can be distinguished from nonliving things because they have
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  It is theorized that the ancestral organism for the plants, animals, and fungi originated in the kingdom
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  _______________    function in the collection, packaging, and distribution of molecules made in the cell.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The wolf, domestic dog, and red fox are all in the same family, Canidae. The scientific name for the wolf is Canis lupus, the domestic dog is Canis familiaris and the red fox is Vulpes vulpes. This means that
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The gene theory states that all the information that specifies what a cell is and what it does
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B.
C.
D.
66.  The proper order for the scienific process is
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  Atoms are held together by a force called a bond. The three types of bonds are
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  The smallest particle into which a substance can be divided and still retain all of its chemical properties is
A.
B.
C.
D.
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