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Eight Syndrome Differentiation

76 Questions
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What statement in differentiation of syndromes is not true for TCM
    • A. 

      Differentiating and recognising the syndrome

    • B. 

      Determine the cause of the syndrome

    • C. 

      Location of the syndrome

    • D. 

      Nature and severity of the disease

    • E. 

      No analize the critical data of the patients

  • 2. 
    There are many method of differentiation of syndrome in TCM.  Which one is a method of TCM
    • A. 

      Zangfu differentiation of syndrome

    • B. 

      Qi, blood, and body fluids differentiation of syndromes

    • C. 

      Six channels differentiation of syndrome

    • D. 

      Eight principipal differentiation of sysndromes

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    The Zangfu differentiation of syndromes is the guiding priciple of all the methods of differentiation syndrome in TCM
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The Eigh Principle differnetiation of syndrome it is applicable to every clinical branch of TCM
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    These two methods of differentiation of syndromes are applied to miscellaneous diceseases due to internal injuries
    • A. 

      Qi, blood, and body fluid differentiation of syndromes

    • B. 

      Zangfur differentiation of syndrome

    • C. 

      Six channel differentiatio of syndrome

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 6. 
    The Eight principles of differentiation of syndromes does not refers to:
    • A. 

      Ying and yang

    • B. 

      Exterior and interior

    • C. 

      Qi and blood

    • D. 

      Deficiency and excess

    • E. 

      Cold and heat

  • 7. 
    No matter how complex the signs and symptoms are, all of the diseases can be generalized according to the Zangfu differentiation of syndrome
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The location of the disease can be differentiated as
    • A. 

      Ying and yang

    • B. 

      Exterior and interior

    • C. 

      Cold and heat

    • D. 

      Deficiency and excess

  • 9. 
    The nature of the disease can be diveded into
    • A. 

      Deficiency and excess

    • B. 

      Yin and yang

    • C. 

      Exterior and interior

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    The state of the Qi and pathogen can be termed either as
    • A. 

      Exterior - interior

    • B. 

      Deficiency and excess

    • C. 

      Cold and heat

    • D. 

      Yin and yang

  • 11. 
    Yin syndrome may generalize the exterior of the syndrome, cold syndrome and deficiency syndrome
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Yang syndorme is a generalization of exterior syndrome, heat syndromre and excessive syndrome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The yin and yang syndromes are considered  the compendium of the eight principles
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    All of the methods of differentiaiton of syndromes, every syndrom has its  own specific symptoms;  however, they are transformed into one another, and sometimes some false manifestations may occur.  Therefore, we should pay attention not only to the differentiation of syndromes, but also to their coexistence, transformation, true or false conditon.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Which one of these elements does not defined an exterior pathogenic syndromes
    • A. 

      The body

    • B. 

      Skin,

    • C. 

      Muscular striate

    • D. 

      Jinglous

    • E. 

      Blood vessels

  • 16. 
    Which of these elements defined an interior pathogenic factor
    • A. 

      Zanfu organs

    • B. 

      Blood vessesl

    • C. 

      Bone marrow

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Generally speaking, a dicease in the exterior is deep and seirous while a disease in the interior is superficial and mild
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    This is not a characteristtic of an intial stage of exopatic disease due to the invation by exophatic factors
    • A. 

      Sudden onset

    • B. 

      Due to internal injure

    • C. 

      Superficial location

    • D. 

      Mild symptoms and short course

  • 19. 
    This is a manifestation of exterior syndrome
    • A. 

      Fever and adversion to cold

    • B. 

      Headache and body aching

    • C. 

      Thin and white tounge coating and floating purse

    • D. 

      Stuffy, running nose, and itching of the throat

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    Interior syndromes indicates conditons of pathologic changes in the exterior of the body and dysfunction of qi and blood or the zangfu.  They are seen in the middle or late stage of exopatic diseases and miscellanoeus diseases due to internal injury.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    An interior syndrome tends to have
    • A. 

      Deep location

    • B. 

      Superficial location

    • C. 

      Severe and long course

    • D. 

      A and b

    • E. 

      A and c

  • 22. 
    Which sympton or sign is specific for interior syndrome
    • A. 

      Floating pulse

    • B. 

      Deep pulse

    • C. 

      Thin coating and white tongue

    • D. 

      Yellow urine

  • 23. 
    This is not a sign and symptom of an interior syndrome
    • A. 

      Mild fever without sweat

    • B. 

      Irritability, coma

    • C. 

      Thirst, abdominal pain

    • D. 

      Deep pulse, thick tongue coanting

    • E. 

      Constipation or diarrhea

  • 24. 
    Cold and heat syndrome reveal the excessive state or the deficient state of qi and blow
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Excess of yin or deficiency of yang will lead to cold syndrome, while excess of yang and deficiency of yin will lead to heat syndrome.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Cold syndrome indicates that the pathologic conditions of a disease are conld in nature, usually caused by affetion of pathogenic cold , or by:
    • A. 

      Deficiency of yang and excess of yin in the body

    • B. 

      Deficiency of yin and functional hyperactivity of the body

    • C. 

      Impairment of yang due to prolongued illness

    • D. 

      A and c

    • E. 

      B and c

  • 27. 
    Cold syndrome is futher divided into exterior and interior cold syndrome according to its location.  The exterior cold syndrome is due to the invasion of the body surface by pathogenic cold and consequent obstruction of defensive yang characterized by
    • A. 

      Serious aversion to cold

    • B. 

      Mild fever without sweat

    • C. 

      Headache and body ache

    • D. 

      Thin white coating of tongue, floating and tight pulse

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 28. 
    The ____________ is caused by an attack on the internal organs by pathogenic cold, or by loss of warmth  due to insufficiency of yang, tipically marked by a) intolerance to coldb) cold limbsc) pale complexiond) tastelessnesse) profuse salivationf) copious clear urineg) loose stoolh) pale tongue with whitish moist coating, deep and slow pulse
    • A. 

      External cold syndrome

    • B. 

      External heat syndrome

    • C. 

      Interior cold syndrome

    • D. 

      Interior heat syndrome

  • 29. 
    Which symptom or sign is specific for exterior cold syndrome
    • A. 

      Serious adversion to cold

    • B. 

      Dryness of the mouth

    • C. 

      Cough

    • D. 

      Red tip and borders of the tongue

  • 30. 
    Which symptom or sign is specific for exterior cold syndrome
    • A. 

      Floating and tight pulse

    • B. 

      Mild fever without sweat

    • C. 

      Intolerance of cold

    • D. 

      Deep and slow pulse

    • E. 

      A and b

  • 31. 
    Interior cold syndrome is marked by
    • A. 

      Deep and slow pulse

    • B. 

      Floating and tight pulse

    • C. 

      Floating and rapid pulse

    • D. 

      Rapid pulse

  • 32. 
    Which symptoms or signs are specific of the interior cold syndrome
    • A. 

      Intolerance of cold

    • B. 

      Pale complexion

    • C. 

      Pale tongue with whitish moist coating and slow pulse

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 33. 
    Heat syndrome indicates functional hyperactivity of the body, arising form affection of pathogenic heat, or fire transformation form disorder of the emotions, and hyperactivity of yang due to deficiency of yin, and it is classified as interior and exterio heat syndrome
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    _______________ resulting from the invasion of the body surface by pathogenic heat, is typically show as fever, slight aversion to wind-cold, dryness of the mouth, slight thirst, often sweating, or cough, sore throat, red tip and boders of the tongue, floating and rapid pulse.
    • A. 

      Interior heat syndrome

    • B. 

      Interior cold syndrome

    • C. 

      Exterior heat syndrome

    • D. 

      Exterior cold syndrome

  • 35. 
    Hot body with flush cheek and like warmth; thirsty and like hot drinks; pulse is big and weak when pressed; cold limbs, clear and profuse urine and loose stool; pale tongue with white fur, are manifestation of this syndrome.
    • A. 

      Exterior cold syndrome with manifestation of pseudo-heat signs in the exterior

    • B. 

      Interior heat syndrome with manifestation of pseudo-heat sings in the exterior

    • C. 

      Cold syndrome in the interior with pseudo-heat signs in the exterior

    • D. 

      Heat syndrome in the interior with pseudo-cold sings in the exterior

  • 36. 
    This is a sign and sympton of a real heat in the interior and pseudo-cold in the exterior
    • A. 

      Grey black and dry fur

    • B. 

      Deep and strong pulse

    • C. 

      Pale tongue with white fur

    • D. 

      A and b

    • E. 

      C and a

  • 37. 
    This is not a manifestation of false heat (real heat in the interior and cold in the exterior)
    • A. 

      Thirst and like hot drinks

    • B. 

      Cold limbs but dislike heat

    • C. 

      Hot in chest and abdomen

    • D. 

      Diarrhea with foul smell

    • E. 

      Thirst and like cold drinks

  • 38. 
    Real heat in the interior and pseudo-cold in the exterior is also define as "yin is kept extrnally by the excessive yang inside the body"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    To distiguish the true and pseudo-heat syndrome, ture and pseudo-cold syndrome you must consider hystory and symptoms and signs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    A patient tells you that he caught a cold ten days ago, he is now having bad coughs with yellow phlegm, red tongue with yellow fur, pulse is rapid and stronger in cun positon.  Accroding to the eight principles, what do you think the syndrome of illness is right now?
    • A. 

      Exterior excessive cold

    • B. 

      Exterior excessive heat

    • C. 

      Interior cold

    • D. 

      Interior heat

  • 41. 
    What does constipation with red tounge signs indicate?
    • A. 

      Deficiency qi syndrome

    • B. 

      Deficiency blood syndrome

    • C. 

      Exterior heat syndrome

    • D. 

      Interior heat syndrome

  • 42. 
    What do thin and white tongue coating sign indicate?
    • A. 

      Exterior syndrome

    • B. 

      Interior syndrome

    • C. 

      Interior cold syndrome

    • D. 

      Interior heat syndrome

  • 43. 
    What does the mild fever with severe adversion to cold sing means?
    • A. 

      Interior cold syndrome

    • B. 

      Exterior cold syndrome

    • C. 

      Interior heat syndrome

    • D. 

      Exterior heat syndrome

  • 44. 
    What does body aches without sweat and floating pulse mean?
    • A. 

      Exterior syndrome

    • B. 

      Interior syndrome

    • C. 

      Interior heat syndrome

    • D. 

      Exterior cold syndrome

  • 45. 
    Deficiency and excess are two of the irght principles to differentiate the prosperity or decline of pathogens and the zhong-qi
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    Deficiency refers to to the deficiency of the zheng-qi while excess refer to the excess of pathogenic factors
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    ______ are  a complex of symptoms indicating weakness of the zheng-qi when pathogenic factor are not too strong
    • A. 

      Deficiency

    • B. 

      Excess

    • C. 

      Excess syndrome

    • D. 

      Deficiency syndrom

  • 48. 
    ______ are  a complex of symptoms indicating a fierce comflict between excessive pathogenic factors and the   zheng-qi
    • A. 

      Excess syndrome

    • B. 

      Deficiency syndrome

    • C. 

      Excess

    • D. 

      Deficiency

  • 49. 
    Weak constitution, feeble voice, pain relieve by pressure, tender tongue with thin or little coating and feeble pulse are symptoms of ge
    • A. 

      Defficiency syndrome

    • B. 

      Excess syndrome

    • C. 

      Yin syndrome

    • D. 

      Yang syndrome

  • 50. 
    Which one is not a cause of insuficiency or deficiency
    • A. 

      Congenital insuficiency

    • B. 

      Malnutrion after birht

    • C. 

      Impairment of disease

    • D. 

      Wind heat

  • 51. 
    This is not a cuase of Deficiency of yin, yang, qi, blood, body fluid, essence, marrow and zahng fu
    • A. 

      Malnutrition after birth

    • B. 

      Congenital insuficiency

    • C. 

      Imapairment of disease

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 52. 
    Exterio syndrome of deficiency is caused by affection of pathogenic wind while having deficiency of the -----------
    • A. 

      LV-qi and SP-qi

    • B. 

      LU-qi and SP-qi

    • C. 

      HT-Qi and SP-qi

    • D. 

      KI-Qi and UB-Qi

  • 53. 
    Aversion to wind, perspiration, floating and moderate pulse are symptoms of
    • A. 

      Exterior syndrome of deficiency

    • B. 

      Interior syndrome of deficiency

    • C. 

      Yin syndrome of deficiency

    • D. 

      Yan sndrome of deficiency

  • 54. 
    Caused by frequently attacked by cold, and accompanied by poor appetite, loose stool. malaise, and dyspnea with exercise, thready and feeble pulse are symptoms of
    • A. 

      Interior syndrome of deficiency

    • B. 

      Exterior syndrome of deficiency

    • C. 

      Deficiency of yan

    • D. 

      Deficieny of yin

  • 55. 
    This is not partain to the interior syndrome deficiency
    • A. 

      Deficiency of qi and blood

    • B. 

      Deficiency of phlegm

    • C. 

      Deficiency of yang and ying

    • D. 

      Deficiency of zangfu

  • 56. 
    Usually short in tis course, is often seen in the early stage or middle stage of disease
    • A. 

      Deficiency heat

    • B. 

      Deficiency syndrome

    • C. 

      Excess syndrome

    • D. 

      Exterior syndrome

  • 57. 
    Which sign or symptom is specific for excess syndrome
    • A. 

      Rough tongue with thick coating and forceful pulse

    • B. 

      Tender tongue with thin or litter coating and feeble pulse

    • C. 

      Thready and feeble pulse

    • D. 

      Tender and pale tongue and deep slow pulse

  • 58. 
    This is not a common tupe of excess syndrome
    • A. 

      Exterior syndrome excess

    • B. 

      Cold syndrome of excess

    • C. 

      Heat syndrome of excess

    • D. 

      Astetic cold syndrome of insufiiency

  • 59. 
    The exterior syndrome of excess arises from a struggle between the zhong-qi and pathogenic factors, the obstruction of the body surface due to invasion of exophathic factors, and accumulation of yang-qi on the body surface.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    This is sign or symptom of exterior syndrome of excess
    • A. 

      No sweating

    • B. 

      Headache and body ache

    • C. 

      Floating and tight pulse

    • D. 

      All of thea above

  • 61. 
    Heat syndrome of excess occurs as a result of the invasion of the interior of the body by pathogenic yang-heat
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    This is not a sign of cold syndrome excess
    • A. 

      High fever, flush face, rapid pulse, thick or greasy coating of the tongue

    • B. 

      Pale complexion, constipation, dislike cold, cold limbs

    • C. 

      Abdominal pain and tenderness

    • D. 

      Profuse sputum, moist fur or thick and greasy fur, slow tight pulse

  • 63. 
    Consumption of the body fluid by excessive pathogenic heat causes
    • A. 

      High fever, fidgets, thirst, flush, face, congested eyes,

    • B. 

      Unconsciousness, deliriu, abdominal distention, pain and terdeness

    • C. 

      Dry stool, dark urine, yellow thick or greasy coating of the tongue

    • D. 

      Full and rapid pulse or slipery and rapid pulse

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 64. 
     yin and yang serve as the general principle for classifying all the syndromes
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    Yin and yang according to nature includes
    • A. 

      Yin and yang syndrome

    • B. 

      Deficiency of ying

    • C. 

      Insuficiency of yang

    • D. 

      Yin depletion

  • 66. 
    This is not a differentiation of yin and yang according to the balance
    • A. 

      Deficiency of yin

    • B. 

      Insuficiency of yang

    • C. 

      Yin depletion

    • D. 

      Yang excess

  • 67. 
    Dull complexion, listlessness, heave sensation of the body, and inclination to huddle up in bed, intolerance of cold, cold limbs, weariness, low and timid voice, anorexia, loose stool, copious clear urine, thick, tender and pale tongue, deep slow or feeble or uneven and thready pulse are symptoms of
    • A. 

      Yang symdrome

    • B. 

      Yin symdrome

    • C. 

      Wind cold symdrome

    • D. 

      Depletion of yin and yang

  • 68. 
    Yin syndrome are called interior syndrome, deficiency syndrome and cold syndrome while yang syndrome are defined as exterior syndrome, excess syndrome, and heat syndrome
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    Yang syndrome is characterized by the following signs
    • A. 

      Flush face and congested eyes, chills and fever, fidgets, dyspnea, loud voice, dry stool, dark urine, deep red tongue with dry and yerllow fur, floating and rapid pulse, full or slippery and replete pulse

    • B. 

      Dull complexion, listlessness, heavy sensation of the body, an inclination to huddle up in bed, intolerance of cold limbs, weariness, low and timid voice, anorexia, loose sottol, copious clear urine, thick, tender and pale tongue, deep slow or feeble or uneven and thready pulse

    • C. 

      No sweating, headache, body ache, floating and tight pulse,

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 70. 
    It indicates heat of deficiency type due to insudficiency of yin essence and the consequent failure of yin to supperss yang
    • A. 

      Insuficiency of yang

    • B. 

      Deficiency of yang

    • C. 

      Depletion of yin

    • D. 

      Depletion of yang

  • 71. 
    Insuficiency of yang indicates failure of yin to suppress yang due to exhaustion of yang
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 72. 
     free dry throat, vertigo, palpitation, insomnia, hectic fluctuate fever, night sweating, flushing of zygomatic region, red tongue with litter fur, thready and rapid pulse.  these symptoms are characterisitcs of :
    • A. 

      Deficiency of yin

    • B. 

      Depletion of yin

    • C. 

      Depletion of yang

    • D. 

      Insufficiency of yin

  • 73. 
    One is nto an Insufficiency of yang signs 
    • A. 

      Fatigue and short breath, like hot drinks, lose stool

    • B. 

      Inclination of huddle up in bed and sleepiness

    • C. 

      Intolerance to cold, cold limbs and not thirst

    • D. 

      Pale complexion, plump pale tongue, deep sloow and feeble pulse

    • E. 

      Flushing of cheeks, red tongue liitle fur, thready and rapid pulse

  • 74. 
    Depletion of yin is present in the case of domination of heat or in the case of exhaustion of yin, while a constituion with insufficient yang or excessive cold may lead to depletion of yang 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 75. 
    Thi is a sign of depletion of yin
    • A. 

      Profuse cold sweating of tasteless and only sweat

    • B. 

      Coldy body, chills, weariness

    • C. 

      Weak breathing, tastelessness in the mouth, no thrist

    • D. 

      Pale complexion, mosit and pale tongue, faint pulse

    • E. 

      Dry tongue with litte dalive, thready feeble and rapid pulse

  • 76. 
    Tis is not a sign of depletion of yang
    • A. 

      Hot and sticky perspiration, fever, hot limbs

    • B. 

      Desired for cold drinks, dry lips and tongue

    • C. 

      Scanty urine, dry tonge, thready and feeble and rapid pulse

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above